Table 6: Isabelle Britto, Alex Picard, Feroz ShahidADDISON’S DISEASE
What is Addison’s disease?Addison’s disease occurs when yourbody produces insufficient amounts ofcertain hormones by the adrenal glands.
With this disease, too littlecortisol and often too littlealdosterone are produced bythe adrenal glands.
Addison’sdisease canoccur in anyage, and inany gender, atany time. Itshould becaught early,as it is lifethreatening.
Where does Addison’s disease occur? The adrenal glands consist of two portions: the medulla and the cortex. Addison’s results from damage to the cortex, which produces three hormones: glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and the sex hormones (androgen for male, estrogen for female).
Other than fromdamage to theadrenal cortex,Addison’s canalso result fromautoimmunedisease,infections such astuberculosis orHIV,hemorrhages,tumors, or use ofblood thinners.
Symptoms include: changes in blood pressure or heartrate, chronic diarrhea, patchy skin color, unnaturally darkcolors in some places, paleness, extreme weakness,fatigue, loss of appetite, mouth lesions on the inside ofthe cheek, nausea and vomiting, salt cravings, slowmovements, and unintentional weight loss.
To get diagnosed with Addison’s disease, testswould show increased potassium, low bloodpressure, low cortisol level, low serum sodium,and normal sex hormones.
In case ofemergency,Addison’s patientsare encouraged toalways have abracelet on themwarningemergency officialsof what they have.
If medications arenot taken,patients shouldimmediately go tothe emergencyroom, or injectthemselves withhydrocortisone incases of extremeadrenal crisis.
Fun Fact: One of our most famous and well known presidents, John F. Kennedy, suffered from Addison’s disease.
Work CitedAddisons disease. (2009, November 25). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001416/ Addisons disease. (2010, June 10). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/addisons-disease/DS00361Addisons disease. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/addison_disease/article.htmSeibel, J. A. (2009, December 13). Understanding Addisons disease. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-addisons- disease-basicsThompson , E. G. (2011, May 11). Addisons disease. Retrieved from http://www.fletcherallen.org/health_information/?id=hw65865Addisons disease. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.web- books.com/eLibrary/Medicine/Endocrine/Addison.htm