When labelled training data for certain NLP tasks or languages is not readily available, different approaches exist to leverage other resources for the training of machine learning models. Those are commonly either instances from a related task or unlabelled data.
An approach that has been found to work particularly well when only limited training data is available is multi-task learning.
There, a model learns from examples of multiple related tasks at the same time by sharing hidden layers between tasks, and can therefore benefit from a larger overall number of training instances and extend the models' generalisation performance. In the related paradigm of semi-supervised learning, unlabelled data as well as labelled data for related tasks can be easily utilised by transferring labels from labelled instances to unlabelled ones in order to essentially extend the training dataset.
In this talk, I will present my recent and ongoing work in the space of learning with limited labelled data in NLP, including our NAACL 2018 papers 'Multi-task Learning of Pairwise Sequence Classification Tasks Over Disparate Label Spaces  and 'From Phonology to Syntax: Unsupervised Linguistic Typology at Different Levels with Language Embeddings’ .
Bio from my website http://isabelleaugenstein.github.io/index.html:
I am a tenure-track assistant professor at the University of Copenhagen, Department of Computer Science since July 2017, affiliated with the CoAStAL NLP group and work in the general areas of Statistical Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning. My main research interests are weakly supervised and low-resource learning with applications including information extraction, machine reading and fact checking.
Before starting a faculty position, I was a postdoctoral research associate in Sebastian Riedel's UCL Machine Reading group, mainly investigating machine reading from scientific articles. Prior to that, I was a Research Associate in the Sheffield NLP group, a PhD Student in the University of Sheffield Computer Science department, a Research Assistant at AIFB, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and a Computational Linguistics undergraduate student at the Department of Computational Linguistics, Heidelberg University.