We use the Simple Present to:• Talk about things that are always true• Talk abaout repaeated and usual actions• Talk about habits and routines
Form and Basic Meaning of the Simple Present TenseSINGULAR PLURAL1st person I talk we talk2nd person you talk you talk3rd person he talks they talkshe talksit talksNotice:The verb after she, he, it(3rd person singular) has afinal s: talks.Examples:(a) I eat breakfast every morning.(b) Ann speaks English every day.(c) We sleep every night.(d) They go to the beach every weekend.The simple present tenseexpresses habits.In (a): eating breakfastis a habit, a usualactivity.
For negatives and questions in thesimple present tense I always need anauxiliary (or helping verb).The auxiliaries for the Simple PresentTense are:DODOES
THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVEExamples:(a) I do not drink coffee.We do not drink coffee.You do not drink coffee.They do not drink coffee.(b) She does not drink coffee.He does not drink coffee.It does not drink coffee.Iwe + do not + main verbyoutheyshehe + does not + main verbitNotice in (b):In 3rd person singular, there is no –s on the main verb; the final –s is part of does.CORRECT: She does not drink coffee. INCORRECT: She does not drinks coffee.(c) I don´t drink tea.They don´t have a car.(d) He doesn´t drink tea.Mary doesn´t have a car.CONTRACTIONS:Do not = don´tDoes not = doesn´tPeople usually use contractions when they speak.People often use contractions when they write.
For negatives and questions in the simple present tenseI always need an auxiliary (or helping verb).The auxiliaries for the Simple Present Tense are:DODOESRemember
YES/NO QUESTIONSDO/ DOES +SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + question mark(in the simple form) ( ? )Do IDo youDoes sheDoes heDoes it live in Aguascalientes ?Do weDo youDo they(a) Do you like coffee?(b) Does Bob like coffee?Notice in (b).The main verb in the question does not have a final –s. The final –s ispart of does.INCORRECT CORRECTDoes Bob likes coffee? Does Bob like coffee?
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONSDo, don´t, does, and doesn´t are used in short answers toyes / no questions in the simple presentQUESTION SHORT ANSWER LONG ANSWER(e) Do you like tea? Yes, I do. Yes, I like tea.No, I don´t . No, I don´t like tea.(f) Does Bob like tea? Yes, he does . Yes, he likes tea.No, he doesn´t . No, He doesn´t like tea.
INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH “BE” AND “DO”Q-WORD + BE + SUBJECT COMPLETE ANSWER(a) Where(b) Where(c) When(d) What(e)What timeIsareIsIsIsThailand?your books?the concert?your name?it? Thailand is in Southeast Asia. My books are on my desk. The concert is on April 3rd. My name is Yoko. It is ten-thirty.Q-WORD + DO/DOES + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB COMPLETE ANSWER(f) Where do you live?(g) What time does the plane arrive?(h) What do monkeys eat?(k) When does Bob study? I live in Los Angeles. The plane arrives at six-twelve Monkeys eat fruit, and insects. Bob studies in the evenings.NOTICE:In questions with be as the main and only verb, the subject follows be.In simple present questions with verbs other than be, the subject comesbetween do/does and the main verb
Here you have a list of themost common questionwords:
QUESTION WORD FUNCTION EXAMPLEwhatasking for informationabout somethingWhat is your name?asking for repetition orconfirmationWhat? I cant hearyou.You did what?what...forasking for a reason, askingwhyWhat did you do thatfor?when asking about time When did he leave?whereasking in or at what placeor positionWhere do they live?which asking about choiceWhich colour do youwant?
QUESTIONWORDFUNCTION EXAMPLEwhoasking what or whichperson or people (object)Whom did you see?whose asking about ownershipWhose are these keys?Whose turn is it?whyasking for reason, askingwhat...forWhy do you say that?why dont making a suggestion Why dont I help you?how asking about manner How does this work?asking about condition orqualityHow was your exam?how +adj/advasking about extent ordegreesee examples below
QUESTIONWORDFUNCTION EXAMPLEhow far distanceHow far is Pattaya fromBangkok?how long length (time or space) How long will it take?how many quantity (countable) How many cars are there?how much quantity (uncountable)How much money do youhave?how old age How old are you?how come(informal)asking for reason, askingwhyHow come I cant see her?
Now you are ready touse the Simple PresentTense!!!
Ing. Isabel Fernández BeltránCentro de Educación Media de laUniversidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes