Timeline: Cultural Revolution


Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Timeline: Cultural Revolution

  1. 1. 1959 – 1976Cultural Revolution<br />Howard Liu and Isabel Chun<br />
  2. 2. 1958 – 59 Great Leap Forward fails<br />Only months after the Great Leap Forward started,<br />Machines fell apart<br />Factory workers fell asleep at work<br />The ‘backyard steel’ campaign failed<br />People were taken away from fields, food shortage<br />Not enough railway trains<br />Major famine<br />More than 20 million Chinese died of starvation and other diseases<br />
  3. 3. 1959 – 61 : Three Bitter Years<br />Famine years of 1959 -1961<br />Party leaders blamed Mao for the failure and told him to resign<br />Lost post of Head of State, now only Party Chairman<br />The moderates, controlling the government, had more realistic economic policies<br />Propaganda poster – misleading info about famine<br />
  4. 4. Late 1960s – Abandonment of Great Leap Forward<br />Communes were reduced in size to make more manageable<br />Peasants were sent back to fields<br />Peasants were given their private plots<br />Wages were increased<br />Moderates ran the economy but Mao still was regarded as a revolutionary hero<br />
  5. 5. 1965 : Little Red Book<br />People’s Liberation Army ranks were all equal<br />Every soldier was given a book of ‘Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong’<br />All ordered to study it<br />Mao had the support of 4 million PLA soldiers<br />
  6. 6. 1966 – Cultural Revolution<br />Mao used his great influence to,<br />Start the cultural revolution<br />Formed the Red Guards<br />Made of schoolchildren<br />Used violence to abolish<br />Capitalist<br />Bourgeois<br />Old ideas<br />Old culture<br />Old customs<br />Old habits<br />
  7. 7. 1967 – Red Guards go Wild<br />1967 - Red Guards ran wild<br />Country was in a state of virtual civil war<br />Red Guards fought against ‘reactionaries’ and among themselves<br />More than 400,000 people were killed and many more were tortured, humiliated, imprisoned<br />
  8. 8. 1967 : Restoring Order<br />Mao attempted to restore order<br />Schools and colleges reopened<br />Red Guards sent to country side to be re-educated<br />Many young people lost out on their education and were illiterate<br />1969 – Mao announces cultural revolution is over.<br />
  9. 9. 1969 : Project 571<br />Mao’s second-in-command, Lin Biao was beginning to doubt Mao<br />The two men mistrusted each other<br />Lin thought Mao was power-mad and called him ‘the greatest dictator and tyrant in China’s history…”<br />Plotted to assassinate Mao and to take power as chairman<br />Plot discovered and Lin and his fellow plotters fled. Escaped by air but were shot down in Mongolia<br />
  10. 10. 1973: Right and Left<br />Zhou Enlai<br />Elections to the Politburo<br />Right-wing moderates – <br />Prime minister, Zhou Enlai<br />Deputy prime minister, Deng Xiaoping<br />Wanted to build a strong and wealthy China<br />Left-wing radicals –<br />Gang of Four<br />Mao’s wife- Jiang Qing<br />Three radical politicians from Shanghai<br />Wanted to continue class struggle<br />
  11. 11. 1974 – 1976: HuaGuofeng<br />9 September 1976: Mao dies<br />Gang of Four prepared to take power<br />Politburo gave power to HuaGuofeng, new prime minister<br />Gang of Four arrested<br />Hua believed in following Mao’s footsteps<br />Hua and his followers were called the ‘Whateverists’<br />Public opinion began to favour Moderates<br />