The Early India
Yu Rong Lim and Isabel Chun
Indus Valley Civilization
• 2500 B.C. – 2000 B.C.
• Fertile river valley
• Largest of the world’s early
• Well organized - irrigation
systems and street
• Most people were farmers
• Traded with peoples of the
Decline of Indus Valley
• 2000 B.C.
• The city started to show signs of decay, bricks
and architecture were no longer magnificent.
• New evidence suggest that climate and bad
weather were a major impact for their decline.
• As the Indus Valley decayed, people migrated
to different parts of the Indian sub-continent.
• After the disappearance of the Indus Valley
Civilization, the Dravidians built great
kingdoms in the Deccan Plateau.
Arrival of Aryans
• 1600 BC
• Nomadic and warlike people
• Lead to decline of the Indus
• Took hundreds of years to
• Came through the Hindu
• They had advanced weapons
and horse-drawn war
Spread of Buddhism
• 500 A.D.
• Buddha attracted many followers
• He set up monasteries where monks and nuns could devote to the
Noble Eighth-fold path
• After he died, his followers passed his word by
mouth, but later on in was put into scripture
• His teachings were written in the Three Baskets
• Buddhism spread eastward into China and
• Separated to Theravada and
The Maurya Empire
• 321 B.C. - 185 B.C.
• Chandraguta Maurya founded
the Maurya Dynasty
• Empire enjoyed peace and
• There were irrigation systems and maintained roads
• Asoka, Chandragupta’s grandson, was a harsh ruler,
fought many wars
• Asoka Converted to Buddhism
Maurya Empire during 265 B.C.
• 232 B.C. - 268 A.D.
• The Indus Valley were invaded
by many different tribes and
groups. (Greeks of Bacria,
Palahvas of Persia, Kushans of
• Each group brought their own
custom and ideas and clashed
them. The clash became
• South India developed
separately with North India.
South = Dravidians, North =
The Gupta Empire
• 320 A.D. - 535 A.D.
• United the north
• Young Warrior named himself
Chandragupta I and set up the Gupta
• A golden age for India - peace and
• Many accomplishments- architecture,
sculpture, painting, drama
• Huns, nomadic people from Central
Asia, invaded, leading to the empire’s decline
• Waves of Muslims at different
periods swept into the Indus
• The Muslims were the most
• Delhi sultans are the name of the
• They governed Northern and central India
• The Muslims didn’t force the Hindus to convert, but gave special
privileges to Muslims only. Non Muslims had to pay special
• After Firuz Tughlak died, the Delhi Sultanate declined.
• The Mongols started to descend into India.
• 1526 A.D. -1700s
• Founded by Babur –
descendant of Genghis Khan
• Golden age is when Akbar,
grandson of Babur was ruling
• Akbar adopted a policy of
• Wasteful spending led to
their decline. Babur
East India Company
• Started around 1608
• It traded mainly cotton, silk, indigo dye,
saltpetre, tea, and opium
• The administrator of the company was
• It was very successful
• Clive led British forces to drive away the French
• He won control of a wealthy India state called Bengal (know known
• Clive appointed local rulers whom favored the East India Company
• Slowly they started to gain power of India, which let to British Rule.