2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
The Early India
Yu Rong Lim and Isabel Chun
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Indus Valley Civilization
• 2500 B.C. – 2000 B.C.
• Fertile river valley
• ...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Decline of Indus Valley
Civilization
• 2000 B.C.
• The city started to show...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Arrival of Aryans
• 1600 BC
• Nomadic and warlike people
• Lead to decline ...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Spread of Buddhism
• 500 A.D.
• Buddha attracted many followers
• He set up...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
The Maurya Empire
• 321 B.C. - 185 B.C.
• Chandraguta Maurya founded
the Ma...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Small Kingdoms
• 232 B.C. - 268 A.D.
• The Indus Valley were invaded
by man...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
The Gupta Empire
• 320 A.D. - 535 A.D.
• United the north
• Young Warrior n...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Muslim Expansion
• Waves of Muslims at different
periods swept into the Ind...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
Mughal Empire
• 1526 A.D. -1700s
• Founded by Babur –
descendant of Genghis...
2500 B.C.
1608 A.D.
1500 B.C.
500 B.C.
500 A.D
East India Company
• Started around 1608
• It traded mainly cotton, silk, i...
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Beginning of India

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Beginning of India

  1. 1. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D The Early India Yu Rong Lim and Isabel Chun
  2. 2. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Indus Valley Civilization • 2500 B.C. – 2000 B.C. • Fertile river valley • Largest of the world’s early civilizations • Well organized - irrigation systems and street formation • Most people were farmers • Traded with peoples of the Middle East
  3. 3. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Decline of Indus Valley Civilization • 2000 B.C. • The city started to show signs of decay, bricks and architecture were no longer magnificent. • New evidence suggest that climate and bad weather were a major impact for their decline. • As the Indus Valley decayed, people migrated to different parts of the Indian sub-continent. • After the disappearance of the Indus Valley Civilization, the Dravidians built great kingdoms in the Deccan Plateau.
  4. 4. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Arrival of Aryans • 1600 BC • Nomadic and warlike people • Lead to decline of the Indus Valley Civilization • Took hundreds of years to take over • Came through the Hindu Kush Mountains • They had advanced weapons and horse-drawn war chariots
  5. 5. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Spread of Buddhism • 500 A.D. • Buddha attracted many followers • He set up monasteries where monks and nuns could devote to the Noble Eighth-fold path • After he died, his followers passed his word by mouth, but later on in was put into scripture • His teachings were written in the Three Baskets of Wisdom • Buddhism spread eastward into China and southwards • Separated to Theravada and Mahayana
  6. 6. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D The Maurya Empire • 321 B.C. - 185 B.C. • Chandraguta Maurya founded the Maurya Dynasty • Empire enjoyed peace and prosperity • There were irrigation systems and maintained roads • Asoka, Chandragupta’s grandson, was a harsh ruler, fought many wars • Asoka Converted to Buddhism Maurya Empire during 265 B.C.
  7. 7. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Small Kingdoms • 232 B.C. - 268 A.D. • The Indus Valley were invaded by many different tribes and groups. (Greeks of Bacria, Palahvas of Persia, Kushans of Central Asia) • Each group brought their own custom and ideas and clashed them. The clash became Hindu Culture. • South India developed separately with North India. South = Dravidians, North = Aryans
  8. 8. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D The Gupta Empire • 320 A.D. - 535 A.D. • United the north • Young Warrior named himself Chandragupta I and set up the Gupta Empire • A golden age for India - peace and prosperity • Many accomplishments- architecture, sculpture, painting, drama • Huns, nomadic people from Central Asia, invaded, leading to the empire’s decline
  9. 9. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Muslim Expansion • Waves of Muslims at different periods swept into the Indus Valley • The Muslims were the most dominant. • Delhi sultans are the name of the Muslim rulers • They governed Northern and central India • The Muslims didn’t force the Hindus to convert, but gave special privileges to Muslims only. Non Muslims had to pay special taxes. • After Firuz Tughlak died, the Delhi Sultanate declined. • The Mongols started to descend into India.
  10. 10. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D Mughal Empire • 1526 A.D. -1700s • Founded by Babur – descendant of Genghis Khan • Golden age is when Akbar, grandson of Babur was ruling • Akbar adopted a policy of religious toleration • Wasteful spending led to their decline. Babur
  11. 11. 2500 B.C. 1608 A.D. 1500 B.C. 500 B.C. 500 A.D East India Company • Started around 1608 • It traded mainly cotton, silk, indigo dye, saltpetre, tea, and opium • The administrator of the company was Robert Clive • It was very successful • Clive led British forces to drive away the French • He won control of a wealthy India state called Bengal (know known as Bangladesh) • Clive appointed local rulers whom favored the East India Company • Slowly they started to gain power of India, which let to British Rule.

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