Gaining the Momentum: Open Repositories in Transitional Countries Iryna Kuchma,  eIFL Open Access Program Manager, eIFL.ne...
From John Wilbanks, Science Commons, (Data integration, text mining, and the culture of control)
Digitage Web 2.0 Uploaded by ocean.flynn ,  http://www.flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/315385916/
 
On the Road Manuscript Uploaded by Thomas Hawk http :// www . flickr . com / photos / thomashawk /93819794/
Why Open Access <ul><li>In this world libraries are no more just reading rooms and collections of books on the shelves </l...
Mission of eIFL.net <ul><li>eIFL.net stands for Electronic Information for Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling access to ...
4200 libraries in 48 countries <ul><ul><li>Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belarus, Bosnia and H...
eIFL.net programs <ul><li>Open access publishing and the building of open repositories of local content  </li></ul><ul><li...
eIFL Open Access <ul><li>After three years, the eIFL Open Access Program has emerged as the leading organization promoting...
eIFL Open Access <ul><li>eIFL-OA seeks to  enhance access to research , thereby  accelerating innovation  and  economic de...
eIFL Open Access <ul><li>Policy level – Open Access mandates at the national, regional, institutional levels </li></ul><ul...
 
Open Access in numbers <ul><li>OAIster currently provides access to  18,370,955  records from  1034  contributors. </li></...
 
Open repositories <ul><li>A digital repository is defined as  </li></ul><ul><li>1.    containing research output  </li></u...
 
~66% of publishers, 90 - 95% of journals allow self-archiving
 
 
Content <ul><li>Peer-reviewed articles </li></ul><ul><li>Conference presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><l...
Content <ul><li>Gray literature : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preprints  /  working materials  / theses and dissertations /  rep...
Moldova
Lithuania
Lithuania <ul><li>the  Lithuanian ETD Project  as a Pilot for Baltic States designed in the framework of a UNESCO programm...
 
Theses and dissertations <ul><li>John Hagen, West Virginia University :  </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from print to electronic...
Bulgaria
Estonia
 
Russia
Slovenia
 
 
 
 
Costs <ul><li>The costs and benefits of our Institutional Repository:  </li></ul><ul><li>Running costs: the server costs u...
Benefits <ul><li>Value of benefits: at this stage the IR does not generate extra income or save administration costs – it ...
National Policy - Ukraine <ul><li>Since January 2007 Ukraine has a law - proposed mandate for open access to publicly fund...
 
 
National Policy - China <ul><li>Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (CHINA) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.most. gov ...
National Policy - China <ul><li>Hong Kong Universities proposed Open Access policy for publicly funded research  </li></ul>
National Policy - Lithuania <ul><li>Discussing Open Access to publicly funded research as a national law </li></ul><ul><li...
Russia <ul><li>Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (institutional-mandate) </li></u...
Russia  -  e-Science <ul><li>CRIS </li></ul><ul><li>research e- infrastructure - http :// socionet . ru / </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Repository efficiency   <ul><li>Shared technical infrastructure and distributed management team  </li></ul><ul><li>Nationa...
Repository standards <ul><li>DRIVER Guidelines – metadata formats and other technical requirement </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVER...
 
 
 
 
 
Open Access Impact   <ul><li>The advantages of Open Access are shown in the figures, especially when it comes to increased...
 
Open Access Impact   <ul><li>literature mining is good </li></ul><ul><li>data integration is better </li></ul><ul><li>open...
Open Access Impact <ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan in their report to the Department of Education, S...
Open Access Impact <ul><li>Among other benefits:  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Speed of access   speeding up  the research and disc...
Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ Faster access  leading to  better informed research ,  reducing, saving  R&D expenditure and ...
Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ Wider access  enabling researchers  to study their context more broadly , potentially leading...
Open Access Policy <ul><li>Funders of research are increasingly beginning to mandate Open Access to the research they supp...
 
 
Open Access <ul><li>While Open Access was only defined six years ago </li></ul><ul><li>it is now being debated by governme...
Thank you ! Questions ? Iryna Kuchma eIFL Open Access program manager iryna.kuchma[at]eifl.net;  www.eifl.net The presenta...
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Gaining the Momentum: Open Repositories in Transitional Countries

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Gaining the Momentum: Open Repositories in Transitional Countries

  1. 1. Gaining the Momentum: Open Repositories in Transitional Countries Iryna Kuchma, eIFL Open Access Program Manager, eIFL.net Presented at Sofia 2008 conference, November 13, 2008
  2. 2. From John Wilbanks, Science Commons, (Data integration, text mining, and the culture of control)
  3. 3. Digitage Web 2.0 Uploaded by ocean.flynn , http://www.flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/315385916/
  4. 5. On the Road Manuscript Uploaded by Thomas Hawk http :// www . flickr . com / photos / thomashawk /93819794/
  5. 6. Why Open Access <ul><li>In this world libraries are no more just reading rooms and collections of books on the shelves </li></ul><ul><li>From importers of knowledge they turn into exporters of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries as publishers and educators </li></ul>
  6. 7. Mission of eIFL.net <ul><li>eIFL.net stands for Electronic Information for Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling access to knowledge through libraries in developing and transition countries </li></ul><ul><li>Access to information is essential in education and research and has a direct impact on the development of societies </li></ul>
  7. 8. 4200 libraries in 48 countries <ul><ul><li>Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Croatia, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georgia, Ghana, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordan, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenya, Kosova, Kyrgyzstan, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mongolia, Mozambique, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nepal, Nigeria, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palestine, Poland, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senegal, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tajikistan, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ukraine, Uzbekistan, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zambia, Zimbabwe </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. eIFL.net programs <ul><li>Open access publishing and the building of open repositories of local content </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy for access to knowledge: copyright and libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting free and open source software for libraries </li></ul><ul><li>1+1=More and better. The benefits of library consortia </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting a culture of cooperation: knowledge and information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Advocating for affordable and fair access to commercially produced scholarly resources </li></ul>
  9. 10. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>After three years, the eIFL Open Access Program has emerged as the leading organization promoting and advocating for Open Access in developing and transition countries </li></ul><ul><li>For the developing world, Open Access will increase scientists and academics capacity to both access and contribute to the global research community </li></ul>
  10. 11. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>eIFL-OA seeks to enhance access to research , thereby accelerating innovation and economic development in the countries </li></ul><ul><li>eIFL-OA Program </li></ul><ul><li>builds networks of Open repositories and Open Access journals ; </li></ul><ul><li>provides training and advice on Open Access policies and practices ; </li></ul><ul><li>empowers library professionals, scientists and scholars, educators and students to become open access advocates </li></ul>
  11. 12. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>Policy level – Open Access mandates at the national, regional, institutional levels </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising – promoting benefits of Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Level of implementation – open repositories and Open Access journals </li></ul>
  12. 14. Open Access in numbers <ul><li>OAIster currently provides access to 18,370,955 records from 1034 contributors. </li></ul><ul><li>3 742 journal titles (about 15% of all scientific journals published) in DOAJ, 2.2 new journals per day </li></ul><ul><li>About 20% of all current research literature is available in Open Access </li></ul>
  13. 16. Open repositories <ul><li>A digital repository is defined as </li></ul><ul><li>1.    containing research output </li></ul><ul><li>2.    institutional or thematic and </li></ul><ul><li>3.    OAI compliant ( http://www. openarchives .org/OAI/ openarchivesprotocol .html ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(From The European Repository Landscape Inventory Study into the Present Type and Level of OAI-Compliant Digital Repository Activities in the EU by Maurits van der Graaf and Kwame van Eijndhoven </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. ~66% of publishers, 90 - 95% of journals allow self-archiving
  15. 21. Content <ul><li>Peer-reviewed articles </li></ul><ul><li>Conference presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Course packs </li></ul><ul><li>Annotated images </li></ul><ul><li>Audio and video clips </li></ul><ul><li>Research data </li></ul>
  16. 22. Content <ul><li>Gray literature : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preprints / working materials / theses and dissertations / reports / conference materials / bulletins / grant applications / reports to the donors / memorandums / statistical reports / technical documentation / questionnaires… </li></ul></ul>
  17. 23. Moldova
  18. 24. Lithuania
  19. 25. Lithuania <ul><li>the Lithuanian ETD Project as a Pilot for Baltic States designed in the framework of a UNESCO programme, prepared by Kaunas University of Technologies and the Lithuanian Network of Academic Libraries (LABT) in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>14 Lithuanian universities and Riga Technical University participated in the ETD Information System project. </li></ul><ul><li>The ETD project was supported by the academic communities and the Ministry of Science and Education, and included in the national programs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Lithuanian ETD Information System ( http:// etd . elaba . lt / ) includes 6 150 full-text dissertations, of which 2 386 (38%) are Open Access, others are accessible in the local intranets. It is planned that at the end of year 2008, ETD IS will cover 7 600 dissertations, and 50% of these should be Open Access. </li></ul>
  20. 27. Theses and dissertations <ul><li>John Hagen, West Virginia University : </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from print to electronic – usage growth 145% </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular theses and dissertations were downloaded 37,501 times (history ) and 33,752 times (engineering); history one was published and was a long seller </li></ul><ul><li>69% of students from the creative writing department had more successful careers if they went OA with their dissertations – a good marketing tool for them </li></ul>
  21. 28. Bulgaria
  22. 29. Estonia
  23. 31. Russia
  24. 32. Slovenia
  25. 37. Costs <ul><li>The costs and benefits of our Institutional Repository: </li></ul><ul><li>Running costs: the server costs us R50 000 ($6250) once every three years </li></ul><ul><li>Running costs: handle license and Red Hat Enterprise Server Licence $100 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Salaries prove to be a high running cost: 1 full-time IR librarian, 1 full-time IR library assistant, 2 full-time librarians working on IR together with other duties, 1 part-time librarian working on IR together with other duties </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ukraine – 10,000 USD </li></ul>
  26. 38. Benefits <ul><li>Value of benefits: at this stage the IR does not generate extra income or save administration costs – it actually generates more work and more administration costs. Functions such as metadata editors, content submitters, collection administrators demand extra work from staff </li></ul><ul><li>The function of the IR is not to have monetary benefits, but to showcase research done at an institution, provide open access to research, prestige for the academics, institutional visibility as well as immediate access to research </li></ul><ul><li>The IR also provides long-term preservation benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul>
  27. 39. National Policy - Ukraine <ul><li>Since January 2007 Ukraine has a law - proposed mandate for open access to publicly funded research. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Law of Ukraine On the principles of developing information society in Ukraine for 2007-20015 at www. rada . gov . ua </li></ul></ul>
  28. 42. National Policy - China <ul><li>Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (CHINA) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.most. gov . cn /eng/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. codataweb .org/06conf/ </li></ul><ul><li>Mandate to deposit research data (not yet applicable to research articles themselves) </li></ul>
  29. 43. National Policy - China <ul><li>Hong Kong Universities proposed Open Access policy for publicly funded research </li></ul>
  30. 44. National Policy - Lithuania <ul><li>Discussing Open Access to publicly funded research as a national law </li></ul><ul><li>Director of SPAR Europe travelled to Vilnius in early May to meet with the decision makers in Lithuania to help them move further with adoption of a draft law </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education organised a national Open Access awareness raising seminar during International Open Access Day </li></ul>
  31. 45. Russia <ul><li>Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (institutional-mandate) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. cemi . rssi . ru / </li></ul><ul><li>http:// socionet . ru /index-en.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// cemi . socionet . ru / </li></ul><ul><li>All researchers of the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences are mandated by director's decree to immediately deposit their papers/articles in the institutional Open Archive. [&quot;...mandate researchers of CEMI RAS to deposit all completed research (in working paper form), including the full text, in institutional OA (repository) not later than 6 months after completion.&quot;] http://www. cemi . rssi . ru / rus /news/ initiat -eng. htm </li></ul>
  32. 46. Russia - e-Science <ul><li>CRIS </li></ul><ul><li>research e- infrastructure - http :// socionet . ru / </li></ul><ul><li>e-Science </li></ul><ul><li>« e- Science is based on the Open Access to research results (financed from the public money) » Sergey Parinov </li></ul>
  33. 48. Repository efficiency <ul><li>Shared technical infrastructure and distributed management team </li></ul><ul><li>National/Regional projects </li></ul>
  34. 49. Repository standards <ul><li>DRIVER Guidelines – metadata formats and other technical requirement </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVER validator </li></ul><ul><li>eIFL Partnership with DRIVER – developing strong national infrastructures </li></ul>
  35. 55. Open Access Impact <ul><li>The advantages of Open Access are shown in the figures, especially when it comes to increased citation rates : </li></ul><ul><li>For 72% of papers published in the Astrophysical Journal, free versions of the paper are available (mainly through ArXiv). These 72% of papers are, on average, cited more than twice as often as the remaining 28% that do not have free versions. [1] </li></ul><ul><li>In Chinese scientific journals citation indicators of Open Access journals were found to be higher than those of non-Open Access journals. [2] [1] Schwarz, G. and Kennicutt Jr., R. C. (2004): Demographic and Citation Trends in Astrophysical Journal Papers and Preprints (pdf 14pp), arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0411275, 10 November 2004, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 36, 1654-1663 </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Cheng, W. H. and Ren, S. L. (2008): Evolution of open access publishing in Chinese scientific journals, Learned Publishing, Vol. 21, No. 2, April 2008, 140-152 </li></ul>
  36. 57. Open Access Impact <ul><li>literature mining is good </li></ul><ul><li>data integration is better </li></ul><ul><li>open access – access to full text is needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lars Juhl Jensen, Integration of biomedical literature and databases, Presented at the Fourth Nordic Conference on Scholarly Communication NCSC 2008: Openness - trade, tools and transparency, 21-23 April 2008, Scandic Star Hotel, Glimmervägen 5, Lund, Sweden: http://www. lub . lu .se/ fileadmin /user_upload/ pdf /NCSC/ncsc2008_ lars _ juhl _ jensen . pdf </li></ul></ul>
  37. 58. Open Access Impact <ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan in their report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “ Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits ” mentioned the most important potential benefit of Open Access – “ enhanced access to, and greater use of, research findings , which would, in turn, increase the efficiency of R&D as it builds upon previous research.” </li></ul>
  38. 59. Open Access Impact <ul><li>Among other benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Speed of access speeding up the research and discovery process, increasing returns to investment in R&D and, potentially, reducing the time/cost involved for a given outcome, and increasing the rate of accumulation of the stock of knowledge; </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access leading to less duplicative research , saving duplicative R&D expenditure and improving the efficiency of R&D;” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan, Report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits” http://www. dest . gov .au/NR/ rdonlyres /0ACB271F-EA7D-4FAF-B3F7-0381F441B175/13935/DEST_Research_Communications_Cost_Report_Sept2006. pdf </li></ul></ul>
  39. 60. Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ Faster access leading to better informed research , reducing, saving R&D expenditure and improving the efficiency of R&D; </li></ul><ul><li>Wider access providing enhanced opportunities for multi-disciplinary research , inter-institutional and inter-sectoral collaborations ;” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan, Report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits” http://www. dest . gov .au/NR/ rdonlyres /0ACB271F-EA7D-4FAF-B3F7-0381F441B175/13935/DEST_Research_Communications_Cost_Report_Sept2006. pdf </li></ul></ul>
  40. 61. Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ Wider access enabling researchers to study their context more broadly , potentially leading to increased opportunities for , and rates of, application/commercialization ; </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access leading to improved education outcomes , enabling a given education spend to produce a higher level of educational attainment (at least at the post secondary level), leading to an improvement in the quality of the ‘stock’ of researchers and research users .” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan, Report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits”. http://www. dest . gov .au/NR/ rdonlyres /0ACB271F-EA7D-4FAF-B3F7-0381F441B175/13935/DEST_Research_Communications_Cost_Report_Sept2006. pdf </li></ul></ul>
  41. 62. Open Access Policy <ul><li>Funders of research are increasingly beginning to mandate Open Access to the research they support </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policies there are 57 Open Access mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Major research funders </li></ul><ul><li>the U.S. National Institutes of Health, implemented a policy requiring that its grant recipients make articles resulting from NIH funding publicly available within 12 months of publication in a peer-reviewed journal   </li></ul>
  42. 65. Open Access <ul><li>While Open Access was only defined six years ago </li></ul><ul><li>it is now being debated by governments and publishers </li></ul><ul><li>and mandated by funding bodies and universities throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Much still remains to be achieved, but it is clear that Open Access has permanently changed the field of scholarly communication </li></ul>
  43. 66. Thank you ! Questions ? Iryna Kuchma eIFL Open Access program manager iryna.kuchma[at]eifl.net; www.eifl.net The presentation is licensed with Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

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