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Presentation on albert bandura


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Presentation on albert bandura

  1. 1. Albert Badura’sContribution in Educational Psychology By Irshad Narejo
  2. 2. Albert Bandura (1925-present) A psychologist and learning theorist who first proposed  Social Learning Theory and can becredited for first noting observational learning.
  3. 3. Social Learning Theory or Observational Learning Theory ♦ People can learn new information and behaviors by watching other people known as Observational Learning (or modeling). ♦ Elementsof observational learning ♦ Attention ♦ Retention ♦ Production ♦ Motivation
  4. 4. Social CognitiveTheory ♦ Social Cognitive Theory Humans can learn by observing and modeling others. ♦ Social cognitive learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences. ♦ This learning theory emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactionsof others.
  5. 5. Social CognitiveLearning Theory ♦ Social cognitivetheory statesthat thereare threecharacteristicsthat areuniqueto humans: ♦ Vicariousconsequences(Model and imitate others) ♦ Self–efficacy (self reflection) ♦ Performancestandardsand moral conduct (Ability to regulateone’sown behavior)
  6. 6. Bobo doll experiment ♦ “Bobo Doll” studies demonstrated observational learning and impact on violent behavior in children. ♦ After seeing adults hit a doll and either be rewarded, punished, or neither, children were shown to have learned theaggressivebehavior. ♦ If a model is rewarded for his or her actions, an observer is more likely to replicatethebehavior. The more an observer likes or respects the model, the morelikely they areto replicatetheir behavior.
  7. 7. Bobo Doll Experiment 1965
  8. 8. Social Learning Theory in Education ♦ Students often learn a great deal simply by observing other people. ♦ Describing the consequences of behavior is can effectively increase the appropriate behaviorsand decreaseinappropriateones. ♦ This can involve discussing with learners about the rewards and consequences of variousbehaviors.
  9. 9. ♦ Modeling provides an alternative to shaping for teaching new behaviors. Instead of using shaping, which is operant conditioning, modeling can provide a faster , more efficient meansfor teaching new behavior. ♦ Teachers and parents must model appropriate behaviors and take care that they do not model inappropriatebehaviors.
  10. 10. ♦ Teachers should expose students to a variety of other models. ♦ .Students must believe that they are capable of accomplishing school tasks. Thus it is very important to develop a sense of self-efficacy for students. ♦ Teachers can promote such self-efficacy by having students receive confidence-building messages, watch others be successful, and experiencesuccesson their own.
  11. 11. ♦ Teachers should help students set realistic expectations for their academic accomplishments. ♦ Self-regulation techniques provide an effective method for improving student behavior .
  12. 12. Achievements * In 1972, he received a distinguished achievement award from the American Psychological Association and a Scientist Award from the California State Psychological Association.   * In 1974, Bandur was elected president of the American Psychological Association.  * In 1980, he was elected the president of the Western Psychological Association. 
  13. 13. ♦ He received the Thorndike Award for Distinguished Contributions of Psychology to Education from the American Psychological Association in 1998. ♦ In 2004, he also received the Outstanding Lifetime Contribution to Psychology Award from the American Psychological Association . ♦ Bandura has also received several honorary degrees from universities all over the world .            
  14. 14. Books ♦  Ado le sce nt Ag g re ssio n (1959) ♦ ASo cialLe arning Analysis (1973).      So cialLe arning and Pe rso nality De ve lo pm e nt (1 9 6 3) ♦ So cialLe arning The o ry, which was published in 1977.
  15. 15. References ♦ Albert Bandura. (n.d.). Retrieved September 12, 2003 from theFrancisMarion University website: ♦ Albert Bandura. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2003 from theMinot StateUniversity website: ra.html ♦ Albert Bandura: Biographical Sketch. (n.d.). Retrieved October 6, 2003 from theEmory University website:
  16. 16. Thank you