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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1384
DIGITAL WATER MANAGEMENT AND AUTOMATIC BILL
GENERATION SYSTEM
Dr. S. Uma Maheswari1, S. Akkila2, V. Grace3, S. Gracia Angeline4, M. Jennifer Monica5
1Professor, Dept. of ECE, Panimalar Engineering College, Poonamalle, Tamilnadu, India
2,3,4,5UG Students, Dept. of ECE, Panimalar Engineering College, Poonamalle, Tamilnadu, India
---------------------------------------------------------------------***----------------------------------------------------------------------
Abstract - Water is the elixir of life. For this core factor we
need to conserve water in alltheaspectspossible.Theconstant
development of the world’s technologies and the way they
become more accessible, enable a transformation in living
standards of society. In order to avoid wasting natural and
financial resources, water consumption in homes and
industries has been the target of consciousness and reduction
policies. This paper describes the development of a
microcontroller system for telemetric measurement of water
consumption using open sources and following the increasing
trend of Internet of Things. The proposed system collects data
from a water meter, which is equipped with a flow sensor, and
sends such information over the internet to a server,
dispensing manual reading of the water meter. This method
allows live monitoring of water flow consumption patterns of
each and every inlets of the flat though the flow meter and to
generate the accurate water consumption bill for each flat.
And it has an added advantage of leakage detection, open tap
detection and no flow detection signalled through SMS. In this
study we suggest including cloud storage as well as live
monitoring through the website for monitoring live data of
water usage and conservation.
Key Words: Telemetry, Microcontroller, Water Flow
Sensor, Consumption, Automatic Billing Generation.
I. INTRODUCTION
Accurate flow measurement is an essential step both in the
terms of qualitative and economic points of view.Previously
a technique known as ultrasonic flow measurement a non-
invasive type of measurement is widely used to calculate
flow, because of its capability to avoid noise interferences in
its output[2]. Water metering is particularly important for
municipalities since it forms the basis for much of their
income through the sale of water to their consumers. Many
countries currently lack proper water meter management,
with many municipalities and bulk water suppliers not
having the capacity to undertake and manage optimal and
integrated meter calibration, replacement, reading and
information management systems[6]. Often the divided
responsibility between billing and meter man agreement
(typical of the institutional arrangements within most
municipalities) results in poor billing, incorrect information
capture, and poor maintenance. This is further compounded
by the fact that where initiatives of water demand
management and conservation are required, the data is not
easily accessible to the departments responsible for this
task, leading to the frequent lack of integration between
domestic and bulk water metering[5].
Conserving water is becoming increasingly important in the
world as it faces a widening gap between ever reducing
water supplies due to climate change, inefficiencies in
agriculture, poor water governance, industrialization,
urbanization and increased demand from population
growth. It results in many environmental, political,
economic, and social forces. There are number of major
predictions that III world war might happen because of
water. They say: “if you can’t measure,youcan’tmanage”. So,
what exactly happening to the customer is where the
associated water bill is managed to linked to the volume
consumed, rather than a flat rate or a fee based on the size of
property serviced. So, the one who is not using the water
most of time have to pay the same amount that of the person
using the water at max[4]. This project solves the existing
problem economically and efficiently.
1.1 Existing System
In order to avoid wasting natural and financial resources,
water consumption in homes and industries has been the
target of consciousness and reductionpolicies[5].Thispaper
describes the development of a micro controlled system for
telemetric measurement of water consumption using open
sources and following the increasing trend of Internet of
Things[1]. The demerits of the existing systemareasfollows
• Traditional water meter is used. So only one digital pulse
will come out for every 100 ltrs. So live monitoring not
possible.
• Maximum of 2 sensors only can able to interface with it.
• Open tap and no flow detection is not available[2].
• Day wise and monthly wise consumption with billing is
not available.
1.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM
In this paper, we propose that this system will help us in
effective water conservation. In this study we suggest to
include cloud storage as well as live monitoring through the
website for monitoring live data of water usage and
conservation[9]. And also, it has a special advantage of
leakage detection, open tap detection and no flow detection
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1385
alarm. So that we can able avoid the complete leakage of
water. We can also be able to monitor the data wirelessly
using webpage[3]. And also this project will help us to do
effective water conservation. The meritsof proposedsystem
 Up to 32 sensors we can connect with
microcontroller.
 Leakage, Open tap and no flow detection is
available.
 We are using Hall Effect based water meter, so for
minimum flow also we get the pulses out from it.
 Day wise and monthly wise consumption,
comparison and bill can be given to promote more
water conservation.
 Automatic solenoid valve closing in case of bill not
paid.
II. LITERATURE SURVEY
Approximate computing has received vital attention as a
promising strategy to decrease power consumption of
inherently error tolerant applications. In this paper, It
automates the billing system using a low power wireless
technology, ZigBee. Water consumption is monitored inreal
time and the data is transmitted to the data central via
ZigBee for storage, billing and maintenance purposes. A
human machine interface is designed using NI LabVIEW [2].
The processing the data in real time and automatically is
already possible, since sensors and actuators interact which
one each other and exchange information through thewired
or wireless network wherein times, to connect, the devices
use the Internet Protocol (IP), that is called Internet of
Things or IoT[16]. This paper proposes alternatives to
promote the rational consumption of water. The project
presents a solution that adopts: the Wi-Fi protocol - because
it is a wireless communication network that has several
advantages such as: mobility, compatibility, sharing,
accessibility, low maintenance cost, security and
popularity[17].
III. MODULE EXPLANATION
3.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM
This paper describes the development of a microcontroller
system for measurement of water consumption using open
sources and following the increasing trend of Internet of
Things[3]. The proposed system collects data from a water
meter, which is equipped with a flow sensor, and sendssuch
information over the internet to a server[11], dispensing
manual reading of the water meter. This method allows live
monitoring of water flow consumption patterns of each and
every inlets of the flat though the digital flow meter and to
generate the accurate water consumption bill for each
flat[4]. And it has an added advantage of leakage detection,
open tap detection and no flow detection alarm.
Fig -1: Block Diagram for the Digital Water Management
and Automatic Billing System
3.2 METHODOLOGY
The automated measurement system presented here uses a
microcontroller that collects consumption data from a
pulsed water meter. This information will be transmitted
over the Internet to a server[11], where the data will be
stored and analyzed, providing the total volume consumed
dynamically for the consumer and the distributor. Also, this
measuring system makes recognition of a possible leakage
easier. And it is possible to eliminate reading made in
person, besides making this data available in real time. In
addition, the user also can check the measurement history
remotely[7], associated with other benefits such as: day-
wise, month-wise reliable readings and sensor liability
detection.
The sensor is activated by a magnetic field applied on it (a
simple magnet, fixed to a disc that rotates as water flows),
generating an electrical signal (pulse) that is used in the
electronic measurement of the volume of water. To capture
process and send the pulses, the ESP8266 module[10] and
AVR microcontroller [13] was chosen. The sensor will
generate a pulse for each cubic decimetre of volume passed
through the water meter. So, the duration of this pulse
depends directly on the water flow on the system.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1386
Fig -2: Workflow
3.3 Hardware requirements
ATmega16 AVR Microcontroller
ATmega16 is an 8-bit high performance microcontroller of
Atmel’s Mega AVR family with low power consumption.
Atmega16 is based on enhanced RISC (Reduced Instruction
Set Computing, Know more about RISC and CISC
Architecture) architecture with 131 powerful instructions.
Most of the instructions execute in one machine cycle.
Atmega16 can work ona maximum frequencyof16MHz[13].
ATmega16 has 16 KB programmable flash memory, static
RAM of 1 KB and EEPROM of 512 Bytes. Theendurancecycle
of flash memory and EEPROM is 10,000 and 100,000,
respectively.
ATmega16 is a 40 pin microcontroller. There are 32 I/O
(input/output) lines which are divided into four 8-bit ports
designated as PORTA, PORTB, PORTC and PORTD.
ATmega16 has various in-built peripherals
like USART, ADC, AnalogComparator, SPI, JTAG etc. EachI/O
pin has an alternative task related to in-built
peripherals[13].
Paddle Wheel Water Flow Sensor
This is classified as a turbine flow meter. Paddle wheel flow
meters are generally divided into two mechanical classes as
described below:
(1) Tangential-flow paddle wheel flow meters, with a water
wheel structure.
(2) Axis-flow paddle wheel flow meters, with a windmill
structure.
The flow and the revolutions of the paddle wheel are
proportional to each other. Thus, by spinning the paddle
wheel with the force from the flowing fluid, it becomes
possible to measure the rate of this flow from the number of
revolutions. By embedding a magnet in the rotation axisand
on the edge of the paddle, pulses can be extracted as signals,
converting the number of revolutions into the flow rate[8].
Fig -3: Water Flow Sensor
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1387
FLOW CALCULATION METHODS
Instantaneous Flow per single pulse × amount of pulses
Flow =
Time
Table-1: Alert in accordance with LPM
LITRES PER MINUTE ALERTS
1.5< Leakage
2.5-3.5 No Alert/Normal Flow
>3.5 Open Tap/Overflow
3.4 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
 Simulation Tool
 Proteus
 Dashboard Tool
 XAMPP
 Languages
 Embedded C, Node JS
 Development tool
 Code VisionAVR
 Extreme Burner
IV. EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS
4.1 USER REGISTRATION SETUP
The following figures illustrate the User Registration
Details of the proposed system
Fig -4: Node Authentication
Fig -5: Login Page
The following figure illustrates the home page after the
system is online.
Fig -6: Live Monitoring
4.2 SIMULATION RESULTS
The following figures illustrate the alert detection in
accordance with LPM
Fig -7: No Flow Alert Indication
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1388
Fig -8: Open Tap Alert Indication
Fig -9: Normal Flow without any Alerts
Fig -10: Offline SMS Alert
4.3 COMSUMPTION DATA GRAPH
The following figures illustrate the water consumption day-
wise as well as month-wise
Fig -10: Day-wise Data Consumption
Fig -11: Month-wise Data Consumption
V.CONCLUSION
The proposed work dealt with the development of a
microcontroller system for measuring individual domestic
water consumption. For this purpose, validation tests were
performed in an experimental environment, where the
system presented accuracy in its measurement. In this
context, it can be concluded that this technology is effective
for reading the flow of a water meter. The primary goal has
been achieved since theconsumercanhavegraphsreporting
the total volume consumed both in day-wise graph and
month-wise graph, obtaining more reliable and frequent
readings. The concessionaire may also have access to this
information to calculate the amount to be paid by the user
without the need for a presential reading, eliminating
repetitive tasks, reducing the occurrence of reading errors
and making it easier to identify possible anomalies.
REFERENCES
1) Tavares, Sayonara AC, et al. "Telemetry for
Domestic Water Consumption Based on IOT and
Open Standards." 2018 Workshop on Metrologyfor
Industry 4.0 and IoT. IEEE, 2018.
2) V. Sharath, S. Suhas, B. S. Jain, S. V. Kumar, and C. P.
Kumar, “Smart aqua meter,” in Advances in
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1389
Electronics, Computers and
Communications(ICAECC), 2014 International
Conference on. IEEE, 2014, pp. 1–5.
3) da Silva, Marcos Frei Campos, and Daniel Patrick
Pereira. "System for Measurement and Control of
Water Consumption Using Wireless Sensor
Network." Computing System Engineering(SBESC),
2011 Brazilian Symposium on. IEEE, 2011.
4) Mudumbe, Mduduzi John, and Adnan M. Abu-
Mahfouz. "Smart water meter system for user-
centric consumption measurement." Industrial
Informatics (INDIN), 2015 IEEE 13th International
Conference on. IEEE, 2015.
5) Rathore, M. Mazhar, Awais Ahmad, Anand Paul,and
Seungmin Rho. "Urban planning and buildingsmart
cities based on the internet of things using big data
analytics." Computer Networks 101 (2016): 63-80.
6) H. Lasi, P. Fettke, H.-G. Kemper, T. Feld, and M.
Hoffmann, “Industry 4.0,” Business & Information
Systems Engineering, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 239–242,
2014.
7) Hunkeler, Urs, Hong Linh Truong, and Andy
Stanford-Clark. "MQTT-S-A publish/subscribe
protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks."
Communication systems software and middleware
and workshops, 2008. comsware 2008. 3rd
international conference on. IEEE, 2008.
8) Titan Enterprises Ltd. “The Working Principles of
Turbine Flow Meters.” AZoM.com, 2 Jan.
2019, www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=1199
9.
9) A. Stanford-Clark and H. L. Truong,MQTTforsensor
networks (MQTTs), http://www.mqtt.org/MQTTs
Specification V1.0.pdf, Oct. 2007.
10) N. Kolban, “Kolban’s book on esp8266,” an
introductory book on ESP8266, 2015. Node Js -
https://nodejs.org/en/
11) Architectural Framework of Smart Water Meter
Reading System In IoT Environment by Neeharika
Cherukutota, Shraddha Jadhav.
12) Ma Chao, AVR Microcontroller Theory and
Application of Embedded Systems [M],
Beijing:Beijing Aerospace University Press,pp.216-
234, 2007.
13) Laddha, N.R. and Thakare, A.P., 2013. A review on
serial communication by UART. International
journal of advanced research in computer science
and software engineering, 3(1).
14) Tilkov, Stefan, and Steve Vinoski. "Node. js: Using
JavaScript to build high-performance network
programs." IEEE Internet Computing 14.6 (2010):
80-83.
15) Internet of things:fromtheorytopractice.Proposed
by B. P. Santos, L. A. Silva, C. S. Celes, J. B. Borges, B.
S. P. Neto, M. A. M. Vieira, L. F. M. Vieira, O. N.
Goussevskaia, and A. A. Loureiro.
16) Arquitetura geral de um sistema para automac¸ao
residen- cial utilizando plataformas abertas by D.
Araujo, J. Costa, D. R. C. Silva, M. B. Nogueira, and M.
C. Rodrigues.

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  • 1. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1384 DIGITAL WATER MANAGEMENT AND AUTOMATIC BILL GENERATION SYSTEM Dr. S. Uma Maheswari1, S. Akkila2, V. Grace3, S. Gracia Angeline4, M. Jennifer Monica5 1Professor, Dept. of ECE, Panimalar Engineering College, Poonamalle, Tamilnadu, India 2,3,4,5UG Students, Dept. of ECE, Panimalar Engineering College, Poonamalle, Tamilnadu, India ---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract - Water is the elixir of life. For this core factor we need to conserve water in alltheaspectspossible.Theconstant development of the world’s technologies and the way they become more accessible, enable a transformation in living standards of society. In order to avoid wasting natural and financial resources, water consumption in homes and industries has been the target of consciousness and reduction policies. This paper describes the development of a microcontroller system for telemetric measurement of water consumption using open sources and following the increasing trend of Internet of Things. The proposed system collects data from a water meter, which is equipped with a flow sensor, and sends such information over the internet to a server, dispensing manual reading of the water meter. This method allows live monitoring of water flow consumption patterns of each and every inlets of the flat though the flow meter and to generate the accurate water consumption bill for each flat. And it has an added advantage of leakage detection, open tap detection and no flow detection signalled through SMS. In this study we suggest including cloud storage as well as live monitoring through the website for monitoring live data of water usage and conservation. Key Words: Telemetry, Microcontroller, Water Flow Sensor, Consumption, Automatic Billing Generation. I. INTRODUCTION Accurate flow measurement is an essential step both in the terms of qualitative and economic points of view.Previously a technique known as ultrasonic flow measurement a non- invasive type of measurement is widely used to calculate flow, because of its capability to avoid noise interferences in its output[2]. Water metering is particularly important for municipalities since it forms the basis for much of their income through the sale of water to their consumers. Many countries currently lack proper water meter management, with many municipalities and bulk water suppliers not having the capacity to undertake and manage optimal and integrated meter calibration, replacement, reading and information management systems[6]. Often the divided responsibility between billing and meter man agreement (typical of the institutional arrangements within most municipalities) results in poor billing, incorrect information capture, and poor maintenance. This is further compounded by the fact that where initiatives of water demand management and conservation are required, the data is not easily accessible to the departments responsible for this task, leading to the frequent lack of integration between domestic and bulk water metering[5]. Conserving water is becoming increasingly important in the world as it faces a widening gap between ever reducing water supplies due to climate change, inefficiencies in agriculture, poor water governance, industrialization, urbanization and increased demand from population growth. It results in many environmental, political, economic, and social forces. There are number of major predictions that III world war might happen because of water. They say: “if you can’t measure,youcan’tmanage”. So, what exactly happening to the customer is where the associated water bill is managed to linked to the volume consumed, rather than a flat rate or a fee based on the size of property serviced. So, the one who is not using the water most of time have to pay the same amount that of the person using the water at max[4]. This project solves the existing problem economically and efficiently. 1.1 Existing System In order to avoid wasting natural and financial resources, water consumption in homes and industries has been the target of consciousness and reductionpolicies[5].Thispaper describes the development of a micro controlled system for telemetric measurement of water consumption using open sources and following the increasing trend of Internet of Things[1]. The demerits of the existing systemareasfollows • Traditional water meter is used. So only one digital pulse will come out for every 100 ltrs. So live monitoring not possible. • Maximum of 2 sensors only can able to interface with it. • Open tap and no flow detection is not available[2]. • Day wise and monthly wise consumption with billing is not available. 1.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM In this paper, we propose that this system will help us in effective water conservation. In this study we suggest to include cloud storage as well as live monitoring through the website for monitoring live data of water usage and conservation[9]. And also, it has a special advantage of leakage detection, open tap detection and no flow detection
  • 2. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1385 alarm. So that we can able avoid the complete leakage of water. We can also be able to monitor the data wirelessly using webpage[3]. And also this project will help us to do effective water conservation. The meritsof proposedsystem  Up to 32 sensors we can connect with microcontroller.  Leakage, Open tap and no flow detection is available.  We are using Hall Effect based water meter, so for minimum flow also we get the pulses out from it.  Day wise and monthly wise consumption, comparison and bill can be given to promote more water conservation.  Automatic solenoid valve closing in case of bill not paid. II. LITERATURE SURVEY Approximate computing has received vital attention as a promising strategy to decrease power consumption of inherently error tolerant applications. In this paper, It automates the billing system using a low power wireless technology, ZigBee. Water consumption is monitored inreal time and the data is transmitted to the data central via ZigBee for storage, billing and maintenance purposes. A human machine interface is designed using NI LabVIEW [2]. The processing the data in real time and automatically is already possible, since sensors and actuators interact which one each other and exchange information through thewired or wireless network wherein times, to connect, the devices use the Internet Protocol (IP), that is called Internet of Things or IoT[16]. This paper proposes alternatives to promote the rational consumption of water. The project presents a solution that adopts: the Wi-Fi protocol - because it is a wireless communication network that has several advantages such as: mobility, compatibility, sharing, accessibility, low maintenance cost, security and popularity[17]. III. MODULE EXPLANATION 3.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM This paper describes the development of a microcontroller system for measurement of water consumption using open sources and following the increasing trend of Internet of Things[3]. The proposed system collects data from a water meter, which is equipped with a flow sensor, and sendssuch information over the internet to a server[11], dispensing manual reading of the water meter. This method allows live monitoring of water flow consumption patterns of each and every inlets of the flat though the digital flow meter and to generate the accurate water consumption bill for each flat[4]. And it has an added advantage of leakage detection, open tap detection and no flow detection alarm. Fig -1: Block Diagram for the Digital Water Management and Automatic Billing System 3.2 METHODOLOGY The automated measurement system presented here uses a microcontroller that collects consumption data from a pulsed water meter. This information will be transmitted over the Internet to a server[11], where the data will be stored and analyzed, providing the total volume consumed dynamically for the consumer and the distributor. Also, this measuring system makes recognition of a possible leakage easier. And it is possible to eliminate reading made in person, besides making this data available in real time. In addition, the user also can check the measurement history remotely[7], associated with other benefits such as: day- wise, month-wise reliable readings and sensor liability detection. The sensor is activated by a magnetic field applied on it (a simple magnet, fixed to a disc that rotates as water flows), generating an electrical signal (pulse) that is used in the electronic measurement of the volume of water. To capture process and send the pulses, the ESP8266 module[10] and AVR microcontroller [13] was chosen. The sensor will generate a pulse for each cubic decimetre of volume passed through the water meter. So, the duration of this pulse depends directly on the water flow on the system.
  • 3. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1386 Fig -2: Workflow 3.3 Hardware requirements ATmega16 AVR Microcontroller ATmega16 is an 8-bit high performance microcontroller of Atmel’s Mega AVR family with low power consumption. Atmega16 is based on enhanced RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing, Know more about RISC and CISC Architecture) architecture with 131 powerful instructions. Most of the instructions execute in one machine cycle. Atmega16 can work ona maximum frequencyof16MHz[13]. ATmega16 has 16 KB programmable flash memory, static RAM of 1 KB and EEPROM of 512 Bytes. Theendurancecycle of flash memory and EEPROM is 10,000 and 100,000, respectively. ATmega16 is a 40 pin microcontroller. There are 32 I/O (input/output) lines which are divided into four 8-bit ports designated as PORTA, PORTB, PORTC and PORTD. ATmega16 has various in-built peripherals like USART, ADC, AnalogComparator, SPI, JTAG etc. EachI/O pin has an alternative task related to in-built peripherals[13]. Paddle Wheel Water Flow Sensor This is classified as a turbine flow meter. Paddle wheel flow meters are generally divided into two mechanical classes as described below: (1) Tangential-flow paddle wheel flow meters, with a water wheel structure. (2) Axis-flow paddle wheel flow meters, with a windmill structure. The flow and the revolutions of the paddle wheel are proportional to each other. Thus, by spinning the paddle wheel with the force from the flowing fluid, it becomes possible to measure the rate of this flow from the number of revolutions. By embedding a magnet in the rotation axisand on the edge of the paddle, pulses can be extracted as signals, converting the number of revolutions into the flow rate[8]. Fig -3: Water Flow Sensor
  • 4. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1387 FLOW CALCULATION METHODS Instantaneous Flow per single pulse × amount of pulses Flow = Time Table-1: Alert in accordance with LPM LITRES PER MINUTE ALERTS 1.5< Leakage 2.5-3.5 No Alert/Normal Flow >3.5 Open Tap/Overflow 3.4 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS  Simulation Tool  Proteus  Dashboard Tool  XAMPP  Languages  Embedded C, Node JS  Development tool  Code VisionAVR  Extreme Burner IV. EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS 4.1 USER REGISTRATION SETUP The following figures illustrate the User Registration Details of the proposed system Fig -4: Node Authentication Fig -5: Login Page The following figure illustrates the home page after the system is online. Fig -6: Live Monitoring 4.2 SIMULATION RESULTS The following figures illustrate the alert detection in accordance with LPM Fig -7: No Flow Alert Indication
  • 5. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1388 Fig -8: Open Tap Alert Indication Fig -9: Normal Flow without any Alerts Fig -10: Offline SMS Alert 4.3 COMSUMPTION DATA GRAPH The following figures illustrate the water consumption day- wise as well as month-wise Fig -10: Day-wise Data Consumption Fig -11: Month-wise Data Consumption V.CONCLUSION The proposed work dealt with the development of a microcontroller system for measuring individual domestic water consumption. For this purpose, validation tests were performed in an experimental environment, where the system presented accuracy in its measurement. In this context, it can be concluded that this technology is effective for reading the flow of a water meter. The primary goal has been achieved since theconsumercanhavegraphsreporting the total volume consumed both in day-wise graph and month-wise graph, obtaining more reliable and frequent readings. The concessionaire may also have access to this information to calculate the amount to be paid by the user without the need for a presential reading, eliminating repetitive tasks, reducing the occurrence of reading errors and making it easier to identify possible anomalies. REFERENCES 1) Tavares, Sayonara AC, et al. "Telemetry for Domestic Water Consumption Based on IOT and Open Standards." 2018 Workshop on Metrologyfor Industry 4.0 and IoT. IEEE, 2018. 2) V. Sharath, S. Suhas, B. S. Jain, S. V. Kumar, and C. P. Kumar, “Smart aqua meter,” in Advances in
  • 6. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 06 Issue: 03 | Mar 2019 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2019, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.211 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1389 Electronics, Computers and Communications(ICAECC), 2014 International Conference on. IEEE, 2014, pp. 1–5. 3) da Silva, Marcos Frei Campos, and Daniel Patrick Pereira. "System for Measurement and Control of Water Consumption Using Wireless Sensor Network." Computing System Engineering(SBESC), 2011 Brazilian Symposium on. IEEE, 2011. 4) Mudumbe, Mduduzi John, and Adnan M. Abu- Mahfouz. "Smart water meter system for user- centric consumption measurement." Industrial Informatics (INDIN), 2015 IEEE 13th International Conference on. IEEE, 2015. 5) Rathore, M. Mazhar, Awais Ahmad, Anand Paul,and Seungmin Rho. "Urban planning and buildingsmart cities based on the internet of things using big data analytics." Computer Networks 101 (2016): 63-80. 6) H. Lasi, P. Fettke, H.-G. Kemper, T. Feld, and M. Hoffmann, “Industry 4.0,” Business & Information Systems Engineering, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 239–242, 2014. 7) Hunkeler, Urs, Hong Linh Truong, and Andy Stanford-Clark. "MQTT-S-A publish/subscribe protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks." Communication systems software and middleware and workshops, 2008. comsware 2008. 3rd international conference on. IEEE, 2008. 8) Titan Enterprises Ltd. “The Working Principles of Turbine Flow Meters.” AZoM.com, 2 Jan. 2019, www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=1199 9. 9) A. Stanford-Clark and H. L. Truong,MQTTforsensor networks (MQTTs), http://www.mqtt.org/MQTTs Specification V1.0.pdf, Oct. 2007. 10) N. Kolban, “Kolban’s book on esp8266,” an introductory book on ESP8266, 2015. Node Js - https://nodejs.org/en/ 11) Architectural Framework of Smart Water Meter Reading System In IoT Environment by Neeharika Cherukutota, Shraddha Jadhav. 12) Ma Chao, AVR Microcontroller Theory and Application of Embedded Systems [M], Beijing:Beijing Aerospace University Press,pp.216- 234, 2007. 13) Laddha, N.R. and Thakare, A.P., 2013. A review on serial communication by UART. International journal of advanced research in computer science and software engineering, 3(1). 14) Tilkov, Stefan, and Steve Vinoski. "Node. js: Using JavaScript to build high-performance network programs." IEEE Internet Computing 14.6 (2010): 80-83. 15) Internet of things:fromtheorytopractice.Proposed by B. P. Santos, L. A. Silva, C. S. Celes, J. B. Borges, B. S. P. Neto, M. A. M. Vieira, L. F. M. Vieira, O. N. Goussevskaia, and A. A. Loureiro. 16) Arquitetura geral de um sistema para automac¸ao residen- cial utilizando plataformas abertas by D. Araujo, J. Costa, D. R. C. Silva, M. B. Nogueira, and M. C. Rodrigues.