since 1962Massive Trees Planting Launched byPrime Minister Lee Kuan Yew 1966 2007 vegetation cover 35.7% 46.5%
1966 2007vegetation cover 35.7% 46.5%Singapore Coastline 1950 Singapore Coastline 2002Land Area 581 square Land Area 710 squarekilometers kilometers
Population GrowthPopulation at Independence 1965 – 1.9 MillionPopulation in 2012 – 5.3 Million Land Area of the Island City State (2012) 710 square kilometers
Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area 3,206,400Population (2009)Land Area 1,516 square kilometers
With a total populationdensity of over 6300people per squarekilometer, Singapore ranks2 nd in the world.
CITY- STATE Land Use Challenges:To cater for:HousingBusinessRecreational needsActivities usually located outside the city:Airports Power generationWaste disposal Defence needs Water catchments
Singapore strategy for housing growing population was tocreate HDB compact New Towns (1971) Self Sufficient towns of Affordable High Rise public housing 82% of Singaporeans live in HDB flats 95% of them own the units.
Self Sufficient Towns Complete with Schools Markets ShopsCoffee Shops Medical clinics Sports centres Parks Etc…HDB Estates
Population GrowthPopulation at Independence 1965 – 1.9 MillionPopulation in 2012 – 5.3 MillionConcept Master Plan (2011) Population target –6.5 Million Land Area of the Island City State (2012) 710 square kilometers
URA Concept Plan 2011 Key Target•Land use and infrastructure development•Vision for Singapore in the next 40 t0 50 years•Improving life quality•To cater for a bigger and older population, senior citizens to growolder within the community.•Land resources planning to support a growing and moving upeconomy.•Bring jobs closer to homes, and reducecommuting time.•Provide affordable and good quality housing in popular areas.•Increase housing density around MRT stations.•Expand and develop leisure and water front places, with easyand direct access.
The Park Connector Network (PCN)of Singapore is under the management ofNational Parks Board (NParks).NParks is also responsible for the management of over 300 parksand the streetscape (or roadside greenery).There is a hierarchy anddiversity of parks, ranging fromlarge regional parks to neighbourhood parks and playgrounds, where aspectrum of natural ecosystems co-exists with horticultural gardens.Nparks is also responsible for the design and implementation ofthe PCN, the network that connects these green spaces togetherTo ensure that all residents will have direct and easy access togreen open spaces and water fronts.
The ParkConnectorNetwork(PCN)By National ParksBoard(Nparks)
CPG Consultants Singapore (HQ)• China• India• Vietnam• Philippines• Macau• UAEOpened on June 2010
“Shangri- La” meaning:An imaginary remote paradise on earth; utopia.A distant and secluded hideaway, usually of great beauty and peacefulness. Shangri La SingaporeThe design is a competition winning scheme and show case a good holisticarchitecture. The hospital replaced a park, without loosing the green lung qualities,and successfully became a center for the whole community.