Cutting the trees of knowledge


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Cutting the trees of knowledge

  1. 1. Cutting the trees of knowledge: Social software, information archiecture and their epistemic consequences WANXIN MEI SID:309293871 Schiltz, M.,Truyen, F.,& Coppens,H.(2007)
  2. 2. V. Downloadable Beliefs
  3. 3. <ul><li>The cognitive process </li></ul><ul><li>f irst-order beliefs -> metabeliefs </li></ul><ul><li>traditional beliefs -> downloadable beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Metabelief : a belief about beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>downloadable beliefs : search and download what </li></ul><ul><li>they need through social knowledge network </li></ul>
  4. 4. priori knowledge ―&quot;A person is a priori entitled to believe as true, when it is intelligible to him and when he has no stronger reasons to reject it.&quot;― Schiltz, Truyen, & Coppens,2007 &quot;Cognitive process ain't all in the head!&quot;―Clark and Chalmers,1998 Feature: knowledge of facts -> knowledge of beliefs Channels: individuality -> social community The cognitive process
  5. 5. “ social knowledge network help to redefine knowledge against its traditional definition, and change people's views of the structure of scientific belief. &quot; ― Schiltz, Truyen, & Coppens,2007 Social Knowledge Networks
  6. 6. social knowledge network Inmagic ― a social knowledge network virtual company for enterprise organizations
  7. 7. enterprise search social software content management
  8. 8. VI. Knowledge Economy
  9. 9. <ul><li>Idle human intelligence―the world is populated with millions of very capable brains. The internet allow people to utilize these unused resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Two-way communities: experts network and users network </li></ul>
  10. 10. VII. Cutting the trees of knowledge
  11. 11. &quot;Co-dependent social-technological artifacts shift in knowledge production, distribution and vindication semantically affected people dealing with information.&quot; ― Schiltz, Truyen, & Coppens,2007 eg: Open Source Software “ Software systems are not purely technical objects. They are designed, constructed and used by people.Therefore, they compose in larger socio-technical systems which include technological as well as social structures. ”―Robertas Damaševičius social-technological artifacts
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ An STS perspective envisions a world of complex organizations that routinely employ technicians/engineers to develop systems for users, where success in developing a system depends on the participation and sustained involvement of the system’s users. ”―Walt Scacchi </li></ul><ul><li>people: developers, end-users </li></ul><ul><li>products: systems, documentation, </li></ul><ul><li>processes: system design and usage </li></ul>Socio-Technical Systems ( STS )
  13. 13. <ul><li>&quot; STINs are an emerging conceptual framework for identifying, organizing, and comparatively analyzing patterns of social interaction, system development, and the configuration of components that constitute an information system. &quot;―Walt Scacchi </li></ul><ul><li>people </li></ul><ul><li>equipment </li></ul><ul><li>resources </li></ul><ul><li>data </li></ul><ul><li>enforcement mechanisms </li></ul>Socio-technical interaction networks (STINs)
  14. 14. traditional taxonomy tree network topology <ul><li>Dewey Decimal Classfication(DDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Decimal Classfication(UDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress Subject Classification </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>further subordering </li></ul><ul><li>adding more references </li></ul><ul><li>constantly update </li></ul>digital storage
  16. 16. VIII. The future of classification
  17. 17. &quot; tagging is link a concept to its social practice. &quot;― Schiltz, Truyen, & Coppens,2007 eg: bookmarking ― social photo sharing ― Flickr tagging
  18. 18. A folksonomy is a type of distributed classification system. It is usually created by a group of individuals ,typically the resource users. ''folksonomies expand people understanding by showing the overlap between many related concepts and how they merge into the wealth of social practices that give them meaning.'' ― Schiltz, Truyen, & Coppens,2007 folksonomy
  19. 19. tagcloud s
  20. 20. <ul><li>Intro to the Semantic Web </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The Semantic Web is a web that is able to describe things in a way that computers can understand. </li></ul><ul><li>The Semantic Web describes the relationships between things and the properties of things . </li></ul>semantic web
  21. 21. <ul><li>&quot; the semantic web is a component of 'Web 3.0'. &quot;―Berners-Lee </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent: based on people's preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Openness: open software, open data and APIs </li></ul>The future Web: Web 3.0
  22. 22. Web 3.0 The future Internet
  23. 23. Schiltz, M.,Truyen, F.,& Coppens,H.(2007). Cutting the trees of knowledge: Social software, information archiecture and their epistemic consequences. Los Angeles,London, New Delji and Singpore: SAGE Publication. Clark, A., & Chalmers D.J.(1998).The extended mind, Analysis 58:10-23. Damaševičius R.(2006). Analysis of Software Design Artifacts for Socio-Technical Aspects. Retrieved April 28, 2010,from Scacchi,W.(2004). Socio-Technical Interaction Networks in Free/Open Source Software Development Processes. Retrieved April, 28, 2010, from Kling, R., Kim, G., and King, R., A Bit More to IT: Scholarly Communication Forums asSocio-T echnical Interaction Networks, Journal American Society for Information Science and Technology, 54(1), 47-67, 2003. Berners-Lee, Tim; Fischetti, Mark (1999). Weaving the Web. HarperSanFrancisco. chapter 12. ISBN 9780062515872. References
  24. 24. Intro to the Semantic Web Web 3.0 The future Internet References
  25. 25. Thank you!