Relational Aggression In Our Schools


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What is relational aggression?

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Relational Aggression In Our Schools

  1. 1. Relational Aggression in our Schools Katie Roche Current Issues in Education Fall 2008
  2. 2. Relational Aggression Outline <ul><li>What is Relational Aggresssion (RA)? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the three roles of bullying? </li></ul><ul><li>The roles of Adolescents involved in RA. </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the Aggressors of Relational Aggression? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Behaviors of RA in Adolescents? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Behaviors of RA in Youngsters? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the Aggressor act out? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Signs? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Long Term Effects of RA to the Victim? </li></ul><ul><li>Tips for Parents for RA and Bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Tips for Parents with Girls involved in RA </li></ul><ul><li>Tips for Teachers and Schools </li></ul><ul><li>The Ophelia Project </li></ul><ul><li>What has “The Ophelia Project” done for schools? </li></ul><ul><li>How has Highmark Healthy High 5 helped schools with bullying? </li></ul><ul><li>Facts of RA & Bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Highmark Posters </li></ul><ul><li>Real Life Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Relational Aggresssion (RA)? <ul><li>Type of Bullying – Negative action carried out by physical contact, rumors, or exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior intended on damaging one’s relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation used to hurt or control </li></ul><ul><li>another’s relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>The threatening to hurt one’s relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Harm to one’s self esteem, friendships, or social status </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are the three roles of bullying? <ul><li>Aggressor – The individual doing the damage </li></ul><ul><li>Target – The victim of the damage </li></ul><ul><li>Bystander – The children caught somewhere in the middle </li></ul>
  5. 5. The roles of Adolescents involved in RA . <ul><li>The Queen – Everyone in the group does what she wants ~ social leader ~ loses her sense of self. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sidekick – Looks up to the queen as being in charge ~ rarely has her own opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gossip – Friends with everyone ~ gains trust from others to get the information ~ Secretive. </li></ul><ul><li>The Floater – Moves around groups ~ avoids conflicts ~ Does not compete </li></ul><ul><li>The Bystander – Want to be a peacemaker ~ knows the queens behavior is wrong ~ accomodates </li></ul><ul><li>The Wannabe – Will do anything to be in the circle ~ doesn’t know the difference between her wants and the group’s wants. </li></ul><ul><li>The Target – The victim ~ feels excluded ~ Rejects people because of the affects of being the target </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who are the Aggressors of Relational Aggression? <ul><li>Girls </li></ul><ul><li>RA is most commonly found and studied in Adolescent girls, although it can be found in boys. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls as young as three and four years old also participate in RA. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are the Behaviors of RA in Adolescents? <ul><li>Exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Gossip </li></ul><ul><li>Rumor Spreading </li></ul><ul><li>Teasing </li></ul><ul><li>Name Calling </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberbullying </li></ul><ul><li>Taunts & Insults </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidation </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are the Behaviors of RA in Youngsters? <ul><li>Retaliation </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Name Calling </li></ul><ul><li>Stopping Friendships </li></ul><ul><li>Making Fun </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Pressure </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why does the Aggressor act out? <ul><li>Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>The way they were raised ~ Children raised by authoritarian parents. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are the Signs? <ul><li>The target acts afraid of the environment where the act is happening (such as school, bus, or activities). </li></ul><ul><li>The target may act sad or depressed. </li></ul><ul><li>The target will show signs of a low self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>The target may be very anxious. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What are the Long Term Effects of RA to the Victim? <ul><li>A Hostile Learning Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic Absences </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>More Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Eating Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Being Lonely </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Self-Esteem </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tips for Parents for RA and Bullying <ul><li>Keep a written record of all incidents of bullying or RA. </li></ul><ul><li>When concerned ask a teacher, set up meetings, and follow up to see what has been done! </li></ul><ul><li>In order to better handle stress, meet with the guidance counselor. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep notes on what has happened with the school being involved. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tips for Parents with Girls involved in RA <ul><li>Help get girls involved in activities outside of school. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage them to be in relationships with all types of people for the right reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Always listen to what they have to say! </li></ul><ul><li>Teach & Model behaviors that you want to be repeated. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Tips for Parents with girls involved in RA (continued) <ul><li>Always talk about both sides of the issue to know for sure if your child is the aggressor or victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage your daughter to not be involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of everything that your child is doing on the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek Counseling when necessary. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tips for Teachers and Schools <ul><li>Create an environment with clear limits on what is acceptable and unacceptable and follow through with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Always investigate any report of bullying. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet with the victim and the aggressor separately (there are 2 sides to every story) </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful not to blame the victim or let the victim feel like they are being blamed. </li></ul><ul><li>Create an anti-bullying program. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Ophelia Project <ul><li>Founded & Headquartered in Erie, PA in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal was to listen to girls and found at the root of the problem was that many girls are suffering from RA </li></ul><ul><li>Provide educational resources, programs, and advocate for healthy relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve long term changes to provide safe climates </li></ul><ul><li>Mission has evolved to include boys too </li></ul><ul><li>Serves youth and adult population </li></ul>
  17. 17. What has “The Ophelia Project” done for schools? <ul><li>1.) Developed “Creating a Safe School” (CASS) for schools to celebrate students. </li></ul><ul><li>2.) Developed an elementary school curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>3.) Developed “How Girls Hurt Each Other” as an awareness program. </li></ul><ul><li>4.) Encouragement for schools to adopt a zero tolerance policy for RA. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 1.) Creating a Safe School (CASS) <ul><li>Involves the entire school to make long term changes in the behaviors of the students. </li></ul><ul><li>Give students the ability to make positive choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Consulting with experts. </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops for CASS </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor Training </li></ul>
  19. 19. 2.) An Elementary School Curriculum <ul><li>Early Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Examines the effects of media on children </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Conferences on; mentoring, eating disorders, community building, and RA. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 3.) How Girls Hurt Each Other <ul><li>Began in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Two day awareness program given to middle school girls. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal is to make girls aware of what is going on, their role, and how to stop it. </li></ul><ul><li>Role plays </li></ul><ul><li>Express to girls how the girl caught in the middle can make a positive change. </li></ul>
  21. 21. 4.) Zero Tolerance Policy for RA. <ul><li>“ Name the Beast” – admitting there is a problem and tackling it head on. </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops & Training </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Bullying Plan & Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Early Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone bans together – parents, teachers, counselors, administration, and students. </li></ul>
  22. 22. How has Highmark Healthy High 5 helped schools with bullying? <ul><li>Developed $10,000 grants for anti-bullying programs in schools. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is to improve the overall health of children from 6 to 18 yrs old. </li></ul><ul><li>5 focuses are; nutrition, physical activity, self-esteem, grieving, and bullying prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>With the sources from Highmark students will be encouraged to adopt healthy habits. </li></ul><ul><li>Corry Elementary School received a grant and will write and produce a show about bullying. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Facts of RA & Bullying <ul><li>The National Education Association says “160,000 children miss school each day out of fear.” </li></ul><ul><li>A child is bullied every 7 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>77% of students are bullied through; mental, physical, or verbal aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>8% of students do not go to class one day a month out of fear. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullying can be reduced by 50% where school wide programs are adopted. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 13 million children in the U.S. from 6 to 17 have been a victim of cyberbullying. </li></ul>
  24. 29. Real Life Stories <ul><li>Kindergarten Girls </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten Boys </li></ul><ul><li>My Sister in Middle School </li></ul><ul><li>Three Way Calling </li></ul><ul><li>Hate Pages </li></ul>
  25. 30. Summary <ul><li>RA does exist inside and outside of our schools </li></ul><ul><li>The best practices are Early Intervention & a Zero Tolerance Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for the signs of RA </li></ul><ul><li>Tackle a problem head on by “Naming the Beast” </li></ul><ul><li>When a problem is found – Come up with a plan that involves everyone and notify them </li></ul>