U.S. Online Newspapers’ Performance in Local Markets :   A Struggle of Inter- and Intra-Media Competition Iris Chyi & Seth...
From print to online? <ul><li>Many believe U.S. newspapers should transition from print to online.  </li></ul><ul><li>But,...
 
Is the future of newspapers online? Reality check is essential.
Rationale <ul><li>Scholarly/media attention tends to go to national trends. </li></ul><ul><li>This study systematically ev...
Online vs. print <ul><li>Analyzing newspaper readership data (online and print) gathered by Scarborough Research through t...
Newspaper sites vs. other news sites <ul><li>Analyzing Internet audience metrics data collected by comScore Media Metrix t...
Samples <ul><li>(1) The sample includes 68 local newspapers (circulation > 100,000) in 58 of the Top 100 media markets. </...
RQs & key findings <ul><li>RQ1a: What is the typical online penetration of a U.S. daily newspaper in its local market? </l...
 
<ul><li>RQ1b: What factors are associated with online penetration?  </li></ul><ul><li>Online penetration is positively rel...
 
<ul><li>RQ2: In the local market, is the size of the local newspaper’s online readership comparable to that of its print r...
Print readership Online readership Los Angeles Times  4,458,809 725,049 The Washington Post  2,796,936 967,236 Chicago Tri...
<ul><li>RQ3: Based on penetration, what are the leading news and information sites in local markets, and where do local ne...
<ul><li>RQ4: To what extent do local newspaper sites and competing news sites differ on various performance metrics (i.e.,...
 
Why?
Plausible explanations <ul><li>Inter-media competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online and print editions are perceived diffe...
Call for future research <ul><li>It is too simplistic to suggest that U.S. newspapers will be more competitive merely by b...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

U.S. Online Newspapers’ Performance in Local Markets

1,476 views

Published on

U.S. Online Newspapers’ Performance in Local Markets: A Struggle of Inter- and Intra-Media Competition

Iris Chyi & Seth Lewis
School of Journalism
The University of Texas at Austin

Published in: News & Politics, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,476
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
40
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Technically accessible by all Internet users, a local newspaper website reached only 15% of local Internet users.
  • Despite free online offerings, newspapers’ online editions reached far fewer readers than their print counterparts in the local market.
  • Despite free online offerings, newspapers’ online editions reached far fewer readers than their print counterparts in the local market.
  • In 89 of the Top 100 markets, local newspaper sites trailed behind portals as a source for online news among local users.
  • U.S. Online Newspapers’ Performance in Local Markets

    1. 1. U.S. Online Newspapers’ Performance in Local Markets : A Struggle of Inter- and Intra-Media Competition Iris Chyi & Seth Lewis School of Journalism The University of Texas at Austin
    2. 2. From print to online? <ul><li>Many believe U.S. newspapers should transition from print to online. </li></ul><ul><li>But, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online revenue accounts for less than 10% of total newspaper revenue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent debate on “the amount of online vs. offline viewing” </li></ul></ul>
    3. 4. Is the future of newspapers online? Reality check is essential.
    4. 5. Rationale <ul><li>Scholarly/media attention tends to go to national trends. </li></ul><ul><li>This study systematically evaluates online newspapers’ performance in their local markets. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter-media competition: Online vs. print </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intra-media competition: Newspaper sites vs. other news sites (e.g., portals) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. Online vs. print <ul><li>Analyzing newspaper readership data (online and print) gathered by Scarborough Research through telephone surveys (September 2007), retrieved from the Audience-FAX database. </li></ul><ul><li>Readership = # of readers the online/print edition reached within the DMA during a 7-day period </li></ul>
    6. 7. Newspaper sites vs. other news sites <ul><li>Analyzing Internet audience metrics data collected by comScore Media Metrix through online user panels in Top 100 local markets (September 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Online penetration (site reach) = # of monthly unique visitors within a month/# of Internet users in the local market. </li></ul>
    7. 8. Samples <ul><li>(1) The sample includes 68 local newspapers (circulation > 100,000) in 58 of the Top 100 media markets. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>including most of the largest local newspapers (based on circulation) operating in most of the major media markets (based on population). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(2) Internet usage data from Top 100 local markets </li></ul>
    8. 9. RQs & key findings <ul><li>RQ1a: What is the typical online penetration of a U.S. daily newspaper in its local market? </li></ul><ul><li>A: ___% of Internet users </li></ul>
    9. 11. <ul><li>RQ1b: What factors are associated with online penetration? </li></ul><ul><li>Online penetration is positively related to total minutes (r = .357), total page views (r = .526), average usage days per visitor (r = .462), and average pages per visitor (r = .302), but NOT circulation. </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li>RQ2: In the local market, is the size of the local newspaper’s online readership comparable to that of its print readership? </li></ul><ul><li>A: The size of the online readership in the local market was on average 23 percent of the print readership. </li></ul>
    11. 14. Print readership Online readership Los Angeles Times 4,458,809 725,049 The Washington Post 2,796,936 967,236 Chicago Tribune 3,279,351 729,752 Philadelphia Inquirer 2,128,551 307,013 Denver Post/Rocky Mountain News 1,579,339 450,334 Houston Chronicle 2,126,089 402,963 The Detroit News/Free Press 2,091,356 367,275 Dallas Morning News 1,955,915 391,438 Minneapolis Star Tribune 1,769,835 399,602 Boston Globe 1,902,510 770,817 Atlanta Journal Constitution 2,097,500 780,251 The Arizona Republic 1,771,342 615,833 San Francisco Chronicle 1,661,795 536,732 The Plain Dealer 1,400,833 249,582 The Seattle Times/Post-Intelligencer 1,521,249 495,278 St. Louis Post-Dispatch 1,368,502 308,336 Print readership Online readership The Charlotte Observer 930,030 205,816 Hartford Courant 832,790 215,010 St. Paul Pioneer Press 918,679 200,456 Des Moines Register 577,746 90,351 Tennessean 908,979 140,652 Austin American-Statesman 719,463 250,596 Democrat & Chronicle 630,873 109,014 Providence Journal 732,164 176,711 Memphis Commercial Appeal 726,155 108,087 Raleigh News & Observer 729,025 192,261 The Palm Beach Post 712,336 160,308 The Fresno Bee 642,278 70,931 Birmingham News 623,447 139,260 Arizona Daily Star/Tucson Citizen 500,601 121,011 Dayton Daily News 519,920 111,308 The Honolulu Advertiser 607,517 107,294
    12. 15. <ul><li>RQ3: Based on penetration, what are the leading news and information sites in local markets, and where do local newspaper sites rank among them? </li></ul><ul><li>A: Yahoo! News was the No. 1 news site in 53 of the Top 100 local markets, followed by MSNBC (20), AOL News (14), and local newspaper sites (11). </li></ul>
    13. 16. <ul><li>RQ4: To what extent do local newspaper sites and competing news sites differ on various performance metrics (i.e., average minutes per visitor, average page views per visitor, average minutes per page, and consumer buying power)? </li></ul>
    14. 18. Why?
    15. 19. Plausible explanations <ul><li>Inter-media competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online and print editions are perceived differently by users, other things being equal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online news is an inferior good (Chyi & Yang, 2009) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Intra-media competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portals provide incidental exposure to online news content </li></ul></ul>
    16. 20. Call for future research <ul><li>It is too simplistic to suggest that U.S. newspapers will be more competitive merely by becoming more attuned to the Web—or by dropping the print edition. </li></ul><ul><li>Future research should recognize the complex dynamics at the inter- and intra-media levels of market competition. </li></ul>

    ×