Htm2118project2

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Htm2118project2

  1. 1. Group members: Chan Ka Chung Philip Ip Wai Shan Iris Oliver Lee Shu Wing Pang Chiu Chi Gigi
  2. 3. Language Official : Japanese, English Religion 1 st :Shinto 2 nd : Buddhism 3 rd : Catholic Climate Temperate seasonal climate Rigor winter Below 0 °C Humid summers Seriously Hot National Flag National characteristics National Flower: Sakura
  3. 4. <ul><li>377,873 square kilometers </li></ul><ul><li>Including 4 major islands </li></ul><ul><li>Hokkaido, Honshu,Shikoku,Kyushu </li></ul><ul><li>Capital – Tokyo </li></ul><ul><li>Major Cities-Yokohama </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Osaka </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nagoya </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>On the Pacific earthquake ring, forming various landscape like volcanoes and volcanic islands </li></ul><ul><li>Population: over 126 million </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Currency and Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Main currency-Yen </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>2006 GDP ( NOMINAL): </li></ul><ul><li>around USD 5 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>The second largest economy in the world </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of export and import stay in high position in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Leading business: services, IT and technology industry </li></ul><ul><li>Retail, catering, motor vehicles, electronic equipment...etc </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Meiji restoration  started modernizing and rose towards world power status </li></ul><ul><li>It was the time that Westernization and modernization shaped the country </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Expand its influence in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Attack on the US naval base in Pearl Harbor (1941) </li></ul><ul><li> Hiroshima and Nagasaki with </li></ul><ul><li>two atomic bombs </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Occupied until 1952 by US forces </li></ul><ul><li>A recovery program after that enabled the economy to expand rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>Became the world's most successful export economy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan rapidly rebuilt its heavy industrial sector with American contribution aid and procurement </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1980s, Japan had the world's second largest economy </li></ul>
  9. 12. LANGUAGE <ul><li>3 types – hiragana, katagana, kanji </li></ul><ul><li>Katagana especially for the loanwords </li></ul><ul><li>eg : k o h i – coffee, terebi – television, depato – department store </li></ul><ul><li>Honorific Language </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: add “desu” when ending the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>ございます gozaimasu t o show respect </li></ul>informal polite formal . polite formal . これは本だ kore wa hon da. これは本です kore wa hon desu. これは本である kore wa hon de aru. これは本でございます kore wa hon de gozaimasu.
  10. 13. <ul><li>Mainly consists Shinto and Buddhism in tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism and Taoism have played important roles in Japanese society over 1000 years </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity increased after WW2 </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Written from two Chinese characters </li></ul><ul><li>Means&quot; the way of gods” </li></ul><ul><li>Have 107,559,000 believers </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest religion in Japan </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Japanese regard sports as a healthy pastime </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition sports include: </li></ul><ul><li>martial art : </li></ul><ul><li>-kendo (Japanese stick fencing) </li></ul><ul><li>-jujutsu (known today as judo) </li></ul><ul><li>-kyudo (Japanese archery ) </li></ul><ul><li>SUMO </li></ul>
  13. 17. KENTO JUDO
  14. 20. MODERN SPORTS <ul><ul><li>Baseball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soccer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>J. League </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top ranking </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 21. TRADITIONAL COSTUME- KIMONO <ul><li>Literally means “things to wear” </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Japanese clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Various types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For different occasions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yukata </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S ummer kimono </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shiro-maku </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>W edding kimono </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 22. TRADITIONAL COSTUME- KIMONO <ul><li>Still worn in different occasions </li></ul>During graduation During festivals When going to temple
  17. 23. <ul><li>Clothing Accessories </li></ul>Obi - belt Shoes - Scandals Socks – Tabi socks
  18. 24. <ul><li>Performing art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Musical dance-drama </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actors usually wear masks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kyogen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spoken drama </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bunraku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Puppet play </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>Arts and crafts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Origami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ikebana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(flower arrangement) </li></ul></ul></ul>Western Japanese
  20. 26. <ul><li>Shogatsu (New Year) </li></ul><ul><li>Hanami (Cherry-Blossom Viewing) </li></ul><ul><li>Tanabata (Evening of the seventh) </li></ul>
  21. 31. <ul><li>J -Pop (Japanese Pop) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music affected by the west </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Karaoke </li></ul>
  22. 32. <ul><li>First appeared after World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Readers – wide range </li></ul><ul><li>Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fictional, romance, fun, mystery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>23.2% of sales and 37.8% of the volume of all books and magazines in Japan </li></ul>
  23. 33. <ul><li>Popularity through the world: Exported to Europe, America, Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg: Dragon Ball (by Toriyama Akira) into movie </li></ul></ul>
  24. 34. <ul><li>NDS </li></ul><ul><li>W ii </li></ul><ul><li>PlayStation </li></ul><ul><li>XBox </li></ul><ul><li>GameBoy </li></ul>
  25. 35. <ul><li>Arouse at 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Produce 15000 recordings </li></ul><ul><li>per year </li></ul><ul><li>Generate 856 billion </li></ul><ul><li>revenue per year </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled by government </li></ul>
  26. 36. <ul><li>Consist of different types of attractions </li></ul><ul><li>-Historical </li></ul><ul><li>-Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>-Nature </li></ul><ul><li>-Modern </li></ul>
  27. 42. <ul><li>Become a famous food in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Explosion growth of Japanese restaurant in many countries </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Serve customer as a “VIP” </li></ul><ul><li>Has a high reputation of the taste and health </li></ul><ul><li>As a DREAM for tourist to experience it </li></ul>
  28. 43. <ul><li>About 84% of the population of Japan follow two religions: </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>To reserve the temples as attractions </li></ul><ul><li>Luck matter will attract the tourist </li></ul>
  29. 44. <ul><li>Normally poor English communication skill </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the speaking language system </li></ul><ul><li>Communication bias </li></ul><ul><li>Negative impact in hospitality </li></ul><ul><li>May seen as discrimination </li></ul>
  30. 45. Do the cultural factors influence the local tourism industry?
  31. 46. Why do the Japanese pay attention to the festivals and conservation? Japanese tend to be harmonious with the nature, gods and spirits Attract concerns to the nature and festivals Government and citizens have strong consciousness to protect natural resources and heritages Celebration of some specific days to show respect for the nature
  32. 47. <ul><li>Brief Information </li></ul><ul><li>Rich nature resources like hot spring, volcanoes and lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Volcanoes: Fuji Mountain ,Sakura-jima </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Parks: Shirakami Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Hot springs: Kurokawa-onsen </li></ul>Kurokawa-onsen Fuji Mountain Shirakami Mountains
  33. 48. <ul><li>For Government </li></ul><ul><li>Publish<<Environment Basic Law>> in1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Set up Japan Eco-travel Association </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve and protect the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Promote eco-tour </li></ul><ul><li>For citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Strong self-consciousness on environmental protection </li></ul><ul><li>High social responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Strong preservation consciousness of the environment </li></ul>
  34. 49. <ul><li>For citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in the process of environmental protection </li></ul><ul><li>Recycle plan like Rubbish Recycling in cities, schools or home </li></ul><ul><li>Recycle classification is accurate and multiple </li></ul>Recycling symbols used in Japan Paper ( 紙 Kami ? ) Plastic ( プラ Pura ? ) Aluminum ( アルミ Arumi ? ) Steel ( スチール Suchiiru ? ) PET bottles Recycling bins in Japan
  35. 50. Imperial Palace Asakusa temple Ostra wall street
  36. 51. <ul><li>For Government </li></ul><ul><li>Publish <<Sustainable Society Basic Law>> </li></ul><ul><li>Educate the society </li></ul><ul><li>Build up environmental consciousness to the society </li></ul><ul><li>Restrict any constructions near the heritage places </li></ul><ul><li>For citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Strong preservation consciousness of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Well-knowledge of the heritage buildings </li></ul>
  37. 52. <ul><li>Praise Nature Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese revere to the nature </li></ul><ul><li>Blessing the nature and hope for good future </li></ul><ul><li>Set specific dates to glorify the nature </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Day on the third Monday in July </li></ul><ul><li>Takayama Matsuri Autumn Festival on the first week in October </li></ul>Hence, they would organize mega events to celebrate like parade, theatrical and music performance...etc
  38. 53. Because of the mega event celebrations, it might adsorb lots of foreign visitors to come here to take part in it
  39. 54. Stimulate the tourism industry development because it can attract travelers to Japan. Therefore, foreign consumption will expand and the economy growth would be occur at once.
  40. 55. IMPACT ON INDIVIDUALS AND SOCIETY
  41. 56. <ul><li>Average of 1,792 working hours in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>High need of uncertainty avoidance </li></ul><ul><li> one employer for the entire career (a lifetime employment) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservative investments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eagerness to earn money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 57. <ul><li>Employees : in exchange for some degree of job security and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>individuals are motivated to maintain wa (harmony) </li></ul><ul><li>participate in group activities, not only on the job but also in after-hours socializing </li></ul>
  43. 58. <ul><li>“ Japanese women will do anything you say” </li></ul><ul><li>“ good wife, wise mother ” </li></ul><ul><li>with a 95 Masculinity (MAS) score, Japan ranked highest in the world </li></ul>
  44. 59. <ul><li>In a high masculinity (MAS) country, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>segregation of the sexes in higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lower percentages of women in professional and technical jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pay women less </li></ul></ul>
  45. 60. <ul><li>different speech patterns and words for men and women: </li></ul><ul><li>in high MAS countries, people “ live in order to work .” </li></ul>Male Female I boku or ore watashi or atashi
  46. 61. <ul><li>“ embracing not only the structure of the family but the bonds uniting its members, the family assets, and the activities connected with it.” </li></ul><ul><li>The family head has the responsibility to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>manage family property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maintain rituals for the ancestors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>supervise the family members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>arrange marriages </li></ul></ul>
  47. 62. <ul><li>Among neighbors, there is great concern for face </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in neighborhood activities is not mandatory, but non-participants might lose face </li></ul><ul><li>Concern for the family's reputation </li></ul>
  48. 63. <ul><li>helps counteract the potential depersonalization of urban living </li></ul><ul><li>helps maintain a sense of community </li></ul>
  49. 64. <ul><li>Group interest prevails over individuals </li></ul><ul><li>societal identity achieved through group membership </li></ul><ul><li>This cultural value has long been integral to the identity of being Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>an inseparable part of Japaneseness </li></ul>
  50. 65. <ul><li>From the west </li></ul><ul><li>Original idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage people to adopt less well paid life instead of financially rewarding but stressful one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T o have time for the important things in life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To have a less work-focused lifestyle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Twisted in Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpreted as living a easy life everyday, without specific goals </li></ul></ul>
  51. 66. DOWNSHIFTING CULTURE <ul><li>“ Underclass Society: Emergence of a New Class Society ” Miura Atsushi </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spend a whole day at home surfing the net or playing video games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just looking for a simple, not challenging life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think that is best to live their own life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow one’s inclinations, just do the things that they like </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U ndisciplined personality, think that things are troublesome and prefer staying at home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like to stay alone </li></ul></ul>
  52. 67. <ul><ul><li>Think that one’s own personality is plain and simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think that showing own style is trendy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always eat snacks and fast food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes think eating is a troublesome matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual income is less than 10 times of the age in terms of Yen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single (male 33 or above, female 30 or above) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different from the original idea </li></ul><ul><li>Self-centered </li></ul><ul><li>‘ working’ is not important anymore </li></ul>
  53. 68. <ul><li> C hild pornography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immoral thoughts added to teenagers’ minds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compensated dating ( Enjo-kōsai ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> Fictional anime </li></ul><ul><li> Downshifting culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give rise to Otaku and freeter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create delusion of the reality </li></ul></ul>
  54. 69. <ul><li>Otaku and freeter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freeter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NEET – Not in education, employment or training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No permanent job </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually indulge themselves with foreign travel, hobbies or other passions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parasite Single (feed on family) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Living with family, pay no rent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do no housework </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Come and go freely </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  55. 70. <ul><li>According to an article from the New York Times - Income gap in Japan: Part-timers sink below poverty line </li></ul><ul><li>… A Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare survey released last year revealed that the percentage of Japanese workers who are not in full-time jobs rose to 35 percent in 2003 from 28 percent in 1999 . This group of workers - including part-timers, contract workers and those holding temporary jobs - earns an average of ¥2 million or less annually, Morinaga said. … </li></ul><ul><li>… Economists pointed out that a pattern of widespread poverty may emerge when the current generation of parents retires and their low-income children eventually run out of parental resources to rely on. … </li></ul><ul><li> would create great challenges to Japan economy </li></ul>http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/10/your-money/10iht-masia.html?_r=1&scp=9&sq=japan%20freeter&st=cse
  56. 71. <ul><ul><li>Otaku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May have permanent job </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to spend income on their hobbies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg: comics and video games, but ignore other social or international issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eg: cosplayers, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anime products collectors </li></ul></ul>
  57. 72. <ul><li>Another example of Otaku (from the New York Times - Love in 2-D ) </li></ul><ul><li>Indulge in relationship with imaginary characters </li></ul>http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/26/magazine/26FOB-2DLove-t.html?scp=4&sq=otaku&st=cse “ Of course she’s my girlfriend,” “I have real feelings for her.”
  58. 73. THANK YOU! HOPE YOU WILL ENJOY THE CULTURE OF JAPAN
  59. 74. Reference <ul><li>Brief Introduction of the book “Underclass Society: Emergence of a New Class Society” http:// www.books.com.tw/exep/prod/booksfile.php?item =0010335635 , Retrieved October 29, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Cosplay http:// www.cosplay.com / , Retrieved October 20, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Ikebana International http:// www.ikebanahq.org/whatis.html , Retrieved October 25, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Japan National Tourism Organization, Festival and Events (2009) http:// www.jnto.go.jp/eng/location/festivals/index.html , Retrieved October 12, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Japan Railways –Shinkansen http:// www.japanrail.com/JR_shinkansen.html , Retrieved October 14, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Kimon, Kimono fabric, Yukata and Japanese Clothing http:// www.japanesekimono.com / ,Retrieved October 25, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Miura Atsushi(2006), Underclass Society: Emergence of a New Class Society </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times (2005), Income gap in Japan: Part-timers sink below poverty line http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/10/your-money/10iht- masia.html?_r=1&scp=9&sq=japan%20freeter&st= cse , Retrieved October 28, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times (2009), Love in 2-D http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/26/magazine/26FOB-2DLove-t.html?scp=4&sq= otaku&st = cse Retrieved October 29, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times(2001), Parasite in Prêt-à-Porter http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/01/magazine/parasites-in-pret-a-porter.html?pagewanted=1 Retrieved October 28, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times (2001), Young Japanese Breaking Old Salaryman’s Bonds http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/16/world/young-japanese-breaking-old-salaryman-s-bonds.html?scp=3&sq=japan%20freeter&st= cse , Retrieved October 28, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Nipponia, Bunraku ( 2002) http://web-japan.org/nipponia/nipponia22/en/feature/feature07.htm , Retrieved October 12, 2009 l </li></ul><ul><li>Nipponia, Kyogen ( 2002) http://web-japan.org/nipponia/nipponia22/en/feature/feature05.html , Retrieved October 12, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Nipponia, Noh (2002) http://web-japan.org/nipponia/nipponia22/en/feature/feature04.html , Retrieved October 12, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Web-Japan, Annual Events http://web-japan.org/factsheet/pdf/21AnnualEvents.pdf , Retrieved October 14, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Web-Japan, Cuddly robot comforts the elderly http://web-japan.org/trends/09_sci-tech/sci090917.html Retrieved October 19, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Web-Japan, Having Fun with Robots at Expo 2005 http://web-japan.org/nipponia/nipponia31/en/feature/feature05.html , Retrieved October 20, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Web-Japan, Popular Culture http://web-japan.org/factsheet/pdf/22PopularCulture.pdf , Retrieved October 14, 2009 </li></ul>

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