ELIZABETH S. BAUTISTA R.N.
NARCOTICS – an addictive drug that reduces
pain, alters mood and behavior and usually
induces sleep or stupor.
NARCOTICS (SAUH ) – any narcotic drug such
as morphine, that blunts or distorts the
senses and induces sleep.
Prior to the administration of narcotic
medication, obtain a baseline assessment of
the following :
a. Pain score
b. Vital signs including respiratory rate
c. Sedation scale
d. Mental Status
AWAKE (4) – Awake, alert
MINIMAL (3) – Ptosis, slight slurrging of speech
MODERATE (2) – Spontaneous eye closure,
delayed response to verbal commands,
appropriate response to verbal and tactile
DEEP (1) – responds only to repeated or painful
UNRESPONSIVE (0)-no response to painful
REPORT : < OR EQUALTO SCORE OF 2
If Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale is used
report value of -3 to -5
SAFETY OF NARCOTICS
Maintain patent IV access for patients receiving
continuous narcotics infusion for 6 hours after
narcotic is discontinued.
In cases of overdose, all data will be preserved for
In an event of suspected narcotic overdose :
a. Send remaining infusion to the pharmacy
b. Inspect infusion site, infusion pump and tubing for
c. Document all pertinent information in the patients
Pain level of 5 out of 10 or greater
Level of pain relief unacceptable to the
Sedation score less than or equal to 2 unless
Respiratory rate of less than or equal to 8 or
shallow breathing unless patient is intubated
Mental status change unless intubated or
Itching, nausea/ vomiting, constipation and
POLICY ( SAUH )
Narcotic cabinet keys are kept with the
medication nurse at all times
Narcotic storage is kept under locked all the
Medication nurse in charge in each shifts
counts the narcotics, verifies the narcotic
count at the end of the shift with the
incoming nurse and document in the narcotic
Document the used and unused narcotics in
the narcotic logbook.
Pink form to be filled up by the patient/
relative, administering nurse and prescribing
Empty ampoule to be returned to the
pharmacy with the filled up pink form
DRUG STORAGE ROOMS MUST FEATURE :
Temperature of 25 C or below
Two RUM containers (Return of Unwanted
Soap dispenser and paper towel holder
STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION OF
The Narcotic cupboard is to be separated and/or
locked independent of other cupboards.
The cupboard is to contain only narcotic and
The Pharmacist supplies the unit with the
medications and records the additions and/or
deletions on the narcotic record in red ink along
with their signature and signature of the
registered or licensed nurse accepting delivery.
Borrowing Narcotics from
Borrow narcotics only outside of Pharmacy’s
normal working hours. Document time,
borrowing unit, dose and number of remaining
doses on the lending unit’s Narcotic
Administration Record. Both the lending unit’s
nurse and borrowing unit’s nurse signs for the
Record addition on borrowing unit’s Narcotic
Administration Record.Two registered or
licensed nurses from the borrowing unit sign for
Record administration of narcotic.
Count narcotics at the change of each shift according to unit specific
Two registered or licensed nurses will count the narcotics using the
Note: If the unit is staffed by only one RN, the nurse counts alone
and completes the count and another staff member (physician etc)
Send completed NarcoticAdministration Records to Pharmacy daily.
Enter shift counts in red on the Narcotics and Controlled Drugs Record
-actual balance (never carry false balances forward) signature of two nurses
performing the count.
Rule out all sources of discrepancy.
Inform your Nursing Supervisor.
Indicate the missing dose on the Narcotic
Complete a Nursing/Pharmacy Communication
sheet indicating a dose is missing.
The Nursing Supervisor will ensure all recorded
information is correct, sign the
Nursing/Pharmacy Communication Sheet, and
forward it to Pharmacy.
The Charge Nurse or Medication Nurse of each
unit carry the narcotic key(s) at all times.
If your unit has more than one key per lock,
count the keys at end of shift and record the
number on the Narcotic Administration Record.
If a narcotic key is taken home:
The Nursing Supervisor/Charge Nurse
telephones the individual.
The employee personally returns the key to the
When the key is returned, complete a narcotic count.
Have the lock changed if the keys are not returned
If a narcotic key is taken home and the registered or
licensed nurse cannot be contacted or if a narcotic key is
1.The Nursing Supervisor/Charge Nurse contacts Maintenance
to change the lock at the earliest opportunity.
2.In all instances, when a narcotic key is taken home or lost,
the Nursing Supervisor/Charge Nurse completes a
Pharmacy/Nursing Medication Communication Sheet and
forwards it to the Pharmacy Department indicating
whether or not the lock was changed
Expiration dates shall be checked on a routine
schedule, and at a minimum on a monthly
basis per hospital policy. It is recommended
that controlled substances be replaced
one(1) month prior to their expiration date.
Controlled substances that have expired shall
not be carried administered to patients at any
STAFF MUST ENSURE
Drug storage is kept locked
All drugs and medicine containers are labeled
with date, expiry date etc
Floors, walls, sinks, benches are free of
anything that may likely to contaminate
Floors are free of stock or other obstructions
1.The registered nurse/Physician completes the Narcotic Administration
Record for each dose administered.This includes:
time of administration
patient’s last name and first initial
dosage of narcotic administered
physician’s last name and first initial
the number of units of narcotics remaining
amount of narcotic wasted, if applicable
signature of the registered nurse/Physician administering the
signature of registered nurse/Physician observing wastage of remaining
2. Make all entries in ink.
3. If a revision or correction is necessary, draw a single line through the
original entry, write “error,” initial and make a second entry if necessary.