Violetta и трафальгарская площадь

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Violetta и трафальгарская площадь

  1. 1. Hello , I am Makarenko Violetta . I learn in 5-3 classes and present introduc represent you presentation to subjects Trafaligarskaya area. And so walk on Trafaligaliskoy area and shall hear much interesting, in way!!!
  2. 2. Place finding Trafaligarskoy area
  3. 3. Description Trafaligarskoy area <ul><li>Trafalgar Square is a square in central London, England. With its position in the heart of London, it is a tourist attraction; at its centre is Nelson's Column which stands guarded by four lion statues at its base. Statues and sculptures are on display in the square, including a fourth plinth displaying changing pieces of contemporary art, and it is a site of political demonstrations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History of the name <ul><li>The name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars. The original name was to have been &quot;King William the Fourth's &quot;, but George Ledwell Taylor suggested the name &quot;Trafalgar “ </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The northern area of the square had been the site of the King's Mews since the time of Edward I, while the southern end was the original Charing Cross, where the Strand from the City met Whitehall, coming north from Westminster. As the midpoint between these twin cities, Charing Cross is to this day considered the heart of London, from which all distances are measured. </li></ul>
  6. 6. F ountain <ul><li>Trafalgar Square viewed from the north.Nelson's Column is in the centre of the square, surrounded by fountains designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens in 1939 (replacing two earlier fountains of Peterhead granite, now at the Wascana Centre and Confederation Park in Canada) and four huge bronze lions sculpted by Sir Edwin Landseer; the metal used is said to have been recycled from the cannon of the French fleet. The column is topped by a statue of Horatio, Viscount Nelson, the admiral who commanded the British Fleet at Trafalgar. </li></ul>
  7. 7. F ountain <ul><li>The fountains are memorials to Lord Jellicoe (western side) and Lord Beatty (eastern side), Jellicoe being the Senior Officer . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pigeons <ul><li>The square used to be famous for its pigeons (Feral Pigeons), and feeding them was a popular activity with Londoners and tourists. The National Portrait Gallery displays a 1948 photograph of Elizabeth Taylor posing there with bird seed so as to be mobbed by birds. The desirability of the birds' presence has long been contentious: their droppings look ugly on buildings and damage the stonework, and the flock, estimated at its peak to be 35,000, was considered to be a health hazard. In 1996, police arrested one man who was estimated to have trapped 1,500 birds for sale to a middleman; it is assumed that the birds ended up in the human food chain. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pigeons <ul><li>One of the trained falcons hard at work in October 2007.In 2000, the sale of bird seed in the square was controversially terminated and other measures were introduced to discourage the pigeons, including the use of trained falcons. Supporters of the birds – including Save the Trafalgar Square Pigeons – as well as some tourists continued to feed the birds, but, in 2003, the then Mayor of London Ken Livingstone enacted byelaws to ban the feeding of pigeons within the square.[15] On 10 September 2007 the byelaws were secured sealing an outright ban on feeding birds in area of the square.[16] There are now few birds in Trafalgar Square and it is used for festivals and hired out to film companies, in a way that was not feasible in the 1990s. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Redevelopment <ul><li>In 2003 the redevelopment of the north side of the square was completed. The work involved permanently closing the main eastbound road there - diverting it around the rest of the square and demolishing part of the wall and building a wide set of stairs. This construction includes two Saxon scissor lifts for disabled access, public toilets, and a small cafe. Plans for a large staircase had long been discussed, even in original plans for the square. The new stairs lead to a large terrace or piazza in front of the National Gallery, in what was previously a road. Previously access between the square and the Gallery was via two busy crossings at the north east and north west corners of the square. The pedestrianisation plan was carried out in the face of protests from both road-users and pedestrians concerned that the diversion of traffic would lead to greater congestion elsewhere in London. However, this does not seem to have happened;[citation needed] the reduction in traffic due to the London congestion charge may be a factor. </li></ul>1908 год 2003 год 2005 год 2008 год
  11. 11. VE Day celebrations <ul><li>Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day or VE Day) was 8 May 1945, the date when the Allies during the Second World War formally celebrated the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich. </li></ul><ul><li>Trafalgar Square was filled with British subjects wanting to hear the formal announcement by Sir Winston Churchill that the war was over. Trafalgar Square was used as a place of celebration and people from all over the country came there. </li></ul><ul><li>On Sunday 8 May 2005 the BBC held a concert to celebrate the 60th anniversary of VE Day which was hosted by Eamonn Holmes and Natasha Kaplinsky. Many people who lived during the war attended, and many of the much younger generation, but most importantly many old veterans came and told the stories of their hardships during the six years of war </li></ul><ul><li>VE Day celebrations </li></ul>
  12. 12. Presently I offer you to solve the crossword!!! L O N D O N W I L I A M L I S E L N S O N L A N S E E R F U N T A I N P I G E O S 1.What kings name was named area for the first time? 2.Predators,whioh live on area? 3.Name of admiral on the Colomn? 4.Who has installed lions on area? 5.What has done sin Lityens? 6.Who else Lives on area? If you it is correct have solved my crossword that beside you must is got keyword! Keyword:LONDON
  13. 13. The Good lad!!!!!!!!!!You it is correct have solved my crossword!!! <ul><li>And here is my presentation go by the end of!!! I certain that you have got much interesting and getting to know information about Trafaligarskuyu area!!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thank you for attention!!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul>The End!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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