Children and divorce 1


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Children and divorce 1

  1. 1. Children and Divorce<br />The effects of divorce on children<br />Types of abuses<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Diminished parenting.
  3. 3. The overburdened child phenomena.
  4. 4. The consequences of divorce impact almost all aspects of a child’s life.
  5. 5. The need of support for children experiencing the divorce of their parents.</li></ul>Effects of divorce on the parent-child relationship <br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>Large amounts of anger
  7. 7. Frequent breaking of rules
  8. 8. Drug and/or alcohol abuse
  9. 9. Destructive behavior
  10. 10. Frequent guilt
  11. 11. Problems with defiance
  12. 12. Increasing isolation or withdrawl from friends and family
  13. 13. Thoughts of suicide or violence
  14. 14. Increased or early sexual activity</li></ul>The difficulties expressed by the children who experience divorce.<br />
  15. 15. Early latency(ages5-8).Children between these ages at the time of their parent’s divorce, tend to react with great sadness.<br />Late latency(ages9-12).These children at the time of the divorce are distinguished from younger children by their feelings of intense anger<br />Adolescence(ages13-18).Adolescents whose parents are divorced experienceloss, sadness, anger and pain. <br />Age differences<br />
  16. 16. Working with school administrators.<br />Working with teachers.<br />Working with parents.<br />Working with children.<br />Individual counseling.<br />Group counseling.<br />School counselor’s role<br />
  17. 17. Situational /transitional groups offer emotional support.<br />Structured groups can teach children how to deal with crisis situations through group discussions, role playing and so on<br />One-day workshops for children between the ages of 10 and 17 can use sentence completion exercises and films aboutdivorce to help group members explore values about marriage and divorce<br />Several types of group counseling<br />
  18. 18. Bite marks<br />Unusual bruises<br />Lacerationsburns<br />High incidence of accidents or frequent injuries<br />Fractures in unusual places<br />Injuries, swellings to face and extremities<br />Discoloration of skin<br />Physical abuse/physical indicators<br />
  19. 19. Avoids physical contact with others<br />Seems frightened by parents<br />Often late or absent from school<br />Little respect for others<br />Has difficulty getting along with others<br />Reports abuse by parents<br />Has a history of running away from home<br />Often hurts peers<br />Behavioral indicators<br />
  20. 20. Child rocks, sucks, bites self<br />Inappropriately aggressive<br />Destructive to others<br />Suffers from sleep, speech disorders<br />Restrict play activities or experiences<br />Demonstrates compulsions, obsessions, phobias and so on.<br />Emotional abuse/observable indicators<br />
  21. 21. Negative statements about self<br />Shy, passive, compliant<br />Self destructive behavior<br />Highly aggressive <br />Cruel to others<br />Overly demanding<br />Behavioral indicators<br />
  22. 22. Difficulty working or sitting<br />Torn clothing<br />Stained or bloody underwear<br />Pregnancy <br />Sexual acting out<br />Sudden use of sexual words<br />Venereal disease, especially in preteens<br />Sexual abuse/physical indicators<br />
  23. 23. Provide opportunities for students to discuss their feelings<br />Allow children privacy when needed<br />Provide a stable environment<br />Engage in supportive communication<br />Encourage parents to be honest, direct, supportive and firm with their children<br />School and its duties<br />