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Ideal societies-and-liberal-democratic-theory-1

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Social democratic theory as a key to shape an ideal

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Ideal societies-and-liberal-democratic-theory-1

  1. 1. IDEAL SOCIETIES AND LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC THEORY
  2. 2. Presented By : 1. SAHIBZADA AZIZ 2. IRFAN HUSSAIN 3. MOHED RIZWAN 4. BILAL EJAZ 5. DAWAR KHAN 6. SOHAIB UMER
  3. 3. What is Society ? • “Society is a ​large ​group of ​people who ​live together in an ​organized way, making ​decisions about how to do things and ​sharing the ​work that ​needs to be done.” • All the ​people in a ​country, or in several ​similar ​countries, can be referred to as a society.
  4. 4. Ideal /“Utopian” Society An ideal or Utopian society is Based on notions of equality , social harmony Economic Prosperity and political stability.
  5. 5. • Utopian is a Combination of two Greek words that literally means “No Place”. • When pronounced in Latin , means “Good Place”. • Combination of these two meanings informs us the way we currently view the word : • “A place that doesn’t exist and an ideal place that we can create.
  6. 6. Matter Of Perception • It is a matter of perception .No TWO people think the same on all issues, so while I have one view of ideal, you surely have a different one. Therefore, even if I could remove all the ills as I perceive them I still would not have an ideal society. • Many people have had opinions on this, ranging from Karl Marx to Ayn Rand.
  7. 7. Ideal Types Of Societies • The origin of the concept of Ideal Types was created to the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920). • Several sociologists have used the concept of ideal types to compare and contrast difference societies. Here are Some of Social Scientists with their Idea of Ideal Society…….
  8. 8. Ferdinand Tonnies (1855-1936) • He created two ideal types of societies • called Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. • The Gemeinschaft was a traditional, • rural society, characterized by a strong • sense of community with many primary • relationships. • The Gesellschaft was an industrial, urban • , dynamic society in which secondary relationships dominate.
  9. 9. Robert Redfield • He was an American sociologist. He created • two ideal types of societies Folk and urban • society. • The Folk Society is a small society which is • physically and culturally isolated from other • societies. This society is stable and has a • simple division of labor. • The Urban Society is a large, dynamic and complex society with a heterogeneous population.
  10. 10. Howard Becker (1899-1960) • He developed the concepts of the Secular • Society and the Sacred Society. • The Sacred Society is an isolated society • with a high degree of "supernaturalism" • and strong kinship ties. • The Secular Society is a society based on • science, characterized by formal laws and • a lack of strong kinship ties.
  11. 11. Emil Durkheim (1858-1917) • He looked at ideal types of societies by • examining the forces which held the • society together. Durkheim called the • force which held society together • Solidarity. • Durkheim's two ideal types of solidarity • are Mechanical Solidarity and Organic • Solidarity.
  12. 12. . • Mechanical Solidarity was found in a society characterized by a simple division of labor that is held together by similar values and beliefs. • Organic Solidarity was found in a modern society that has a complex division of labor that is held together by the member's dependency on one another.
  13. 13. I think that a truly ideal society would have neither laws, nor any need for laws
  14. 14. Liberal Democratic Theory • INTRODUCTION • Democracy has many forms from ancient times to present. • The idea of democracy is shaped in different times in different forms which are sometimes overlapping.
  15. 15. Forms of Democracy Democracy Direct Democracy Madisonian Democracy Majoritarian Democracy Representative Democracy Liberal Democracy
  16. 16. Liberal Democratic Theory Liberalism +Democracy = Liberal Democracy Liberalism : Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality. Democracy Is a Government Of people By people For people (Abraham Lincoln) .
  17. 17. So…….. • Liberal democracy is a political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism. • It is characterized by fair, free, and competitive elections between multiple distinct political parties, • a separation of powers into different branches of government, the rule of law in everyday life as part of an open society, • and the equal protection of human rights, civil rights, civil liberties, and political freedoms for all people.
  18. 18. DEFINITION • “Liberal democratic theory is the ideological face of capitalism. Its top function is to justify the distribution of property and power which permits a minority of men to develop and dominate the lives of the majority.”
  19. 19. Key points • Liberal Democracy is a phrase often used to describe Western democratic political systems, such as Australia, the United States, Britain, New Zealand, Canada and other nations. It refers to political systems in which there are attempts to:  defend and increase civil liberties against the violation of governments, institutions and powerful forces in society  restrict or regulate government intervention in political, economic and moral matters affecting the citizenry  increase the scope for religious, political and intellectual freedom of citizens  question the demands made by vested interest groups seeking special privileges  develop a society open to talent and which rewards citizens on merit, rather than on rank, privilege or status  frame rules that maximize the well-being of all or most citizens
  20. 20. Constitutional Forms A liberal democracy may take various constitutional forms: it may be  A constitutional republic (France, India, the United States)  A constitutional monarchy(Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom). It may have a  A Presidential system(Indonesia, the United States),  A semi-presidential system (France, Taiwan), or  A parliamentary system (India, Italy, the United Kingdom).
  21. 21. A Brief Overview 1902 48 Nations 9 Liberal democracies 1st World War 65 Nations 22 Liberal 1985 30% of World regimes
  22. 22. Conclusion At last an ideal society can be concluded as a society having.  Equality and equal rights/No gender or Racial discrimination.  Freedom of Media /Link between public and leaders.  Rule of law /According to rule.  Freedom of Speech Action and Thought.  Social harmony .  Political stability.  Economic Stability.  NGO’s INGO’s.  Peace.  Good /Proper Education System.  Fearless Society /Safe Society.  Corruption Free.  Justice.  Unity.  Prosperity.
  23. 23. . Thank you !!

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