The Fiedler Contingency Model The Fiedler Contingency Model was created in the mid-1960s by Fred Fiedler. The model states that there is no one best style of leadership. Instead, a leaders effectiveness is based on the situation. This is the result of two factors 1.Leadership style 2.Situational favorableness"
Fiedler believed that leadership style is fixed, and it can be measured using a scale he developed called Least-Preferred Co-Worker (LPC) Scale
Lower Score Higher Score The type of leader is task-oriented •High LPCs focus leaders ,Fiedler more on personal called these as connections, and “low LPC-leaders”. theyre good at He said that low avoiding and LPCs are very managing effective at completing tasks. conflict. Relationship- • Relationship- building is a low oriented leaders priority.
2.Situational Favorableness This depends on three distinct factors Leader- Task Leaders Member Structure Position Relations. Power
Applying the FiedlerContingency ModelStep 1: Step 3:Identify Step 2: Determine Identify the mostyour your effectiveleadershi situation leadershipp style style
Step 1: Identify your Step 2: Identify theleadership style situation •Rate your 3 questions: experience with this •Are leader-member person using the relations good or poor scale that is LPC in the team? scale. •Is the task is structured, or is it more •Higher score - unstructured Relationship- •Do the leader have focused. strong or weak power •Lower score - over in the team? Task-focused.
Step 3: Determine the most effective leadership styleLeader- Leaders Most EffectiveMember Task Structure Position Power LeaderRelationsGood Structured Strong Low LPCGood Structured Weak Low LPCGood Unstructured Strong Low LPCGood Unstructured Weak High LPCPoor Structured Strong High LPCPoor Structured Weak High LPCPoor Unstructured Strong High LPCPoor Unstructured Weak Low LPC
Lack of flexibility.Criticisms of the Model An issue with the Least-Preferred Co- Worker Scale .