School as a system of socialization


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  • Social roles and obligations varyClass, ethnicity, race, and gender – as well as constant changes
  • School as a system of socialization

    1. 1. Barakett & Cleghorn
    2. 2. Theories of Socialization • Socialization- the complex, lifelong learning process through which individuals develop a sense of self and acquire the knowledge, skills, values, norms, and dispositions through which the individual takes on the ways of thinking, seeing, believing, and behaving that prevail in society
    3. 3. Primary Socialization • Occurs within the micro world of the family • Children learn cognitive skills and selfcontrol as well as the internalization of moral standards. • Children develop attitudes and behaviours for social interactions • Gender identity and an understanding of masculinity and femininity are also learned.
    4. 4. Secondary Socialization • The school is the main agent of secondary socialization. • Peer groups and the media are also agents of secondary socialization.
    5. 5. “Socialized people know what is expected of them because they are introduced to a culturally specific but generally shared system of symbols, meanings, and values. Socialization is considered necessary to ensure the stability and functioning of the social system.”
    6. 6. Mead’s Theory
    7. 7. Schutz’s Theory
    8. 8. Other Socialization Theories • Freud • Id, ego, superego • Piaget • Cognitive theory of socialization
    9. 9. Teacher Typifications of Students • Tracking • Streaming • Two or more streams and separate classes at the same grade level • The child internalizes the effects of the placement.
    10. 10. Typifications • Typifications of individual pupils become part of teachers’ common sense knowledge about students in the classroom. • The constructs used to assess a students’ character are appearance, language ability, conformity to discipline, acceptance of his or her academic role, general likeableness, and relations with peers.
    11. 11. Moral Socialization • Schools instill an idealized version of societies values.
    12. 12. Political socializations • The school plays a role in inculcating the values and norms that support the prevailing structure of society, including the dominant political ideology.
    13. 13. Hidden Curriculum • Refers to the tacit teaching of norms, values, and dispositions that occur thorugh students’ participation in social experiences in routine school activities. • “Texts are not simply ‘delivery’ systems of ‘facts.’ They are at once the result of political, economic, and cultural activities, battles, and compromises.”
    14. 14. Call to action: • As teachers, “we must create the conditions necessary to enable individuals to participate in creating, and, perhaps, changing meanings and values.”
    15. 15. Peer groups and Popular Culture • • • Informal process of schooling Relationships that lead to the development of youth or student subcultures constitute participation in sets of norms and values that control the behaviour of peer group members. Students and teachers alike appropriate popular culture and incorporate this into their educational experiences.