Development in Complex Environments - IPOA Conference Oct. 2010

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IRD leadership participated in the annual IPOA conference for the stability operations industry. This presentation was part of a panel discussion on stabilization and development in conflict, post-conflict, and post-disaster environments. IRD's Chief of Communications, Jeff Grieco, presents his Top Ten Attributes of Effective Stabilization and Development Programs in Complex Operations.

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  • Development in Complex Environments - IPOA Conference Oct. 2010

    1. 1. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 1 Civilian-led Stabilization and Development in Complex Operations Jeffrey Grieco International Relief and Development (IRD) October 18, 2010
    2. 2. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 2 A Civil Stabilization & Development Model • Supports U.S. national interests: – by reinforcing the stabilization and development program objectives and performance indicators as defined by the donor and implementer. • Brings mission critical capacity building support to key host government authorities: – involved in agriculture, energy, roads, local governance, water, health and other critical sectors. • Development programs must be differentiated from stabilization programs (they are linked but not the same).
    3. 3. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 3 Top Ten Attributes of Effective Stabilization and Development Programs in Complex Operations
    4. 4. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 4 Attribute #1: Fast and Effective • Model must provide effective, rapid, quality assured result. • 1st for host country partners and 2nd for donors, Congress, auditors, dipl. & mil. partners. • Accountability systems must be monitored and evaluated on site, within a region or country, or anywhere remotely so adjustments can be made quickly and effectively.
    5. 5. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 5 Attribute #2: Improved Gov. Capacity Building • Allows timely capacity building for the most critical ministries. • Advisors are experienced, trained, and field-tested experts in stabilization and conflict-threat reduction. • Advisors are invited to embed within host government authorities to promote and facilitate rapid capacity building.
    6. 6. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 6 Attribute #3: Scalability/National Application • Eminently “scalable” within an unstable, fast changing political, economic, and military environment. • Allows a national application or coverage to support projects in any targeted province, region, or locality. • Utilizes locally educated and trained staff to help design, administer and manage programming.
    7. 7. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 7 Attribute #4: Improved Disaster Preparedness • Provides a structured approach to stabilization that yields greater safety and security for host- country populations. – Example: IRD utilizes a “Building Forensics Task Force,” • helps local implementers to design, build, and maintain infrastructure to accepted global safety standards.
    8. 8. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 8 Attribute #5: Embed Commun. & Info Systems • Need to communicate & inform host communities of program objectives + scope. – Ex. utilize a simple GIS database to link civilian programs and measure performance over time. • Results in more accurate and accountable programming in more remote regions. • Builds greater local community buy-in and donor institutional support.
    9. 9. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 9 Attribute #6: Field-Tested Capacity-Building Advisors • The greatest asset in stability operations is people. • Capacity-building requires individuals with a unique skill set including among others: – engineering field experience – political and cultural sensitivity – language skills – security-savvy and – ability to train future managers in standards of accountability including M&E.
    10. 10. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 10 Attribute #7: Adaptability to Donor/USG Evolving Requirements • Political, social, economic, or program requirements may evolve quickly to preserve operational success. • Ability to lead programming when donor’s institutional support systems have not caught up to changed requirements • Built-in support modules will allow donors/USG to quickly adapt to operational priorities on the ground. – Ex.: specialty engineering, seismic engineering; insect specialists
    11. 11. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 11 Attribute #8: Community-Based, Local Ownership Focused • Development during stability operations requires an institutional approach, designed around one objective: building community trust and local ownership. – Ex.: Afghan Shura Councils • NGOs and contractors have been doing community-based development for decades. • However, the key is being able to do it during war, conflict, and instability with a distinct measure of success.
    12. 12. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 12 Attribute #9: Tenured & Stable Leadership • Stability operations require two key human resource dynamics to succeed: – Program Stability/Tenure: • through recruitment, training and support of Technical Advisors who complete Mission objectives; and – Program Leadership: • by selecting only those advisors who offer the best fit for that particular program, region and/or nation.
    13. 13. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 13 Attribute #10: “Indigenizing” Program Ownership • Indigenized, community-based approaches to counterinsurgency and stability operations meet greater program acceptance, support, and ultimately success. • “Pakistanization” or “Afghanization” of program activities helps guarantee national and community leadership networks involvement in and commitment to program success. • Indigenizing programs improves the speed or quickness with which local ownership takes root – so that real capacity building can take place and in a more sustainable fashion.
    14. 14. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 14 Working Model for Stability and Development Operations in Complex Environments • Fast and effective • Improves capacity building • Scalability/national application • Improves disaster preparedness • Embeds Communications & Information Systems • Employs field-tested capacity-building advisors • Adaptability to donor/USG evolving requirements • Community-based, local ownership focused • Tenured and stable field leadership • Centered around “indigenizing” program ownership
    15. 15. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 15 U.S. National Security & Stability Operations “The integration of civilian and military effort has greatly improved over the last year, a process that will deepen as additional troops arrive and our civilian effort expands…Our increased civilian presence has enabled us to more effectively and more rapidly invest our assistance in the areas of agriculture, job creation, education, health care, and infrastructure projects.” Ambassador Karl Eikenberry, 9 December 2009
    16. 16. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 16 “For truly sustainable progress, our troop increase must be matched by a stronger civilian effort and additional foreign assistance…Our civilian effort will continue long after our combat forces have begun to draw down, as a key part of our enduring commitment to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the region.” Former Deputy Secretary of State Jacob J. Lew, 9 December 2009 U.S. National Security & Stability Operations
    17. 17. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 17 IRD’s Stability Operations in Iraq • 51,772 Iraqis placed in long-term jobs. • 1,588 community infrastructure projects implemented. • $76.8 million in small- business grants awarded to 10,194 Iraqis. • 41,443 Iraqis graduated from CSP-sponsored vocational training courses. • 331,300 Iraqi youth participated in 615 activities aimed at mitigating conflict. CSPs Performance through June 2009: Ninewa Dahuk Erbil Tameem Diyala Salah al-Din Anbar Missan Thi-Qar Muthanna Babylon Baghdad Al Qaim Haditha Hit Ramadi Habbaniyah Babil Kirkuk Basrah Baghdad Baquba Samarra Sulaymaniyah KUWA IT Najaf Wassit Basrah Qadissiya Mosul/Tal Afar Tikrit Beiji Kerbala Fallujah
    18. 18. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 18 Stability Operations in Afghanistan 2008-10 • AVIPA—wheat seed and fertilizer vouchers distributed to 647,000 farmers in 18 provinces between September 2008 and August 2010. 28,300 tons of improved wheat seed and 88,000 tons of fertilizer also distributed. • SPR—78 KM of roads completed, hundreds of KM of roads in process, 67 new small businesses created, 6,929 FTE jobs created, 5,670 trained in agriculture, 125,364 Afghan families directly benefiting.
    19. 19. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level Prepared By: Jeff Grieco IRD 12-16-09 19 Thank You • Jeff Grieco, – IRD, Chief, Global Communications & Government Affairs • Phone: 703-248-0161 • Email: jgrieco@ird-dc.org • Website: www.ird.org/stabilization

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