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2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
WASHCost
2008-2013
Dr. Kwabena Nyarko
WA...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
What is WASHCost?
An approach that…
…res...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Four countries, five years, many partner...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
WASHCost Cycle
Better
identification of
...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Life Cycle Costs components:
Capital exp...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Examples of analysis being done (I)
Disa...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Examples of analysis being done (II)
Pov...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Examples of analysis being done (III)
Di...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Ultimately we will know:
• The magnitude...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
WASHCost
2008-2013
Dr. Ratna Reddy
WASHC...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Graveyard of investments
Despite more th...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
At any moment, at least 30% of rural sys...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Why is this happening?
(Almost)
exclusiv...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
India Specific: policy context
A collabo...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Typically a range of different supply sy...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Policy dynamics and WASHCost
At the nati...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Outputs expected at the end of 2009
Firs...
2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India)
Thank you
Photos : WASHCost team
Product...
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WASHCost at Stockholm Water Week 2009

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Presentation on the WASHCost programme given during the Stockholm Water Week on 17 Aug. 2009

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WASHCost at Stockholm Water Week 2009

  1. 1. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) WASHCost 2008-2013 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko WASHCost Ghana Project Director Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)
  2. 2. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) What is WASHCost? An approach that… …researches the life-cycle costs of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in rural and peri-urban areas. The rationale is that WASH governance will improve at all levels, as decision makers and stakeholders analyse the costs of sustainable, equitable and efficient services and put their knowledge to use.
  3. 3. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Four countries, five years, many partners India (Andhra Pradesh) Centre for Economic and Social Studies / LRMNI Ghana Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Burkina Faso Centre Régional pour l'Eau Potable et l'Assainissement à faible coût (CREPA) Mozambique National Water Directorate / Rural Water / CoWater
  4. 4. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) WASHCost Cycle Better identification of gaps in planning Facilitation of the Learning Alliances Better dissagregated lifecycle unit costs Data used in planning Data from Implementation
  5. 5. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Life Cycle Costs components: Capital expenditure (CapEx): hardware and software Operational and minor maintenance expenditure (OpEx) Capital maintenance expenditure (CapManEx)– rehabilitation, replacement Direct support costs – post construction activities, household expenditures Indirect support cost – macro level planning and policy formulation Costs of capital – costs of loans PLUS: WASH services received – quality, quantity, distance, etc. Disaggregated Life Cycle Costs
  6. 6. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Examples of analysis being done (I) Disaggregated costs per capita/year for different systems
  7. 7. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Examples of analysis being done (II) Poverty analysis of services received – quantity per capita/ litres /day
  8. 8. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Examples of analysis being done (III) Disaggregated household expenditures on WASH per capita/year
  9. 9. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Ultimately we will know: • The magnitude and relative magnitude of different cost components • Per service level (as designed and actually received) • Per technology type • The major cost drivers for each component ... Across many different settings and contexts Disaggregated Life Cycle Costs
  10. 10. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) WASHCost 2008-2013 Dr. Ratna Reddy WASHCost India Lead Researcher Livelihoods and Natural Resource Management Institute (LRMNI)
  11. 11. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Graveyard of investments Despite more than $ 27 million in the last 60 years in India the objective of providing access to water and sanitation to the entire population has yet to be achieved.
  12. 12. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) At any moment, at least 30% of rural systems not working Evidence of slippage from India: more than 20% at any time Reasons: -Absence of lifecycle planning -Resource protection -Non-inclusion of capital maintenance costs -Low operation and maintenance allocations -Poor governance Facts
  13. 13. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Why is this happening? (Almost) exclusive focus on infrastructure /investment costs Systems fail after a couple of years New systems constructed one after the another No life-cycle planning Less efficient use of resources No allocations for Capital Management Neglect of source protection measures and governance
  14. 14. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) India Specific: policy context A collaborative action research project (with the line departments – rural and urban water supply and sanitation) Continuous stakeholder engagement Learning Alliance approach: advisory and working groups Addresses sustainability / slippage in service delivery Disaggregated life cycle costs in RIDA framework identifies the investment gaps Use of GIS for the first time to visually present inequity in access to service and design flaws in the system
  15. 15. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Typically a range of different supply systems are used Low-cost options are not necessarily cheapest per capita Some supply systems are more reliable than others e.g. open wells are used when electricity supplies fail)
  16. 16. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Policy dynamics and WASHCost At the national level new guidelines with a focus on source sustainability, quality, decentralisation, etc are being adopted At the state level a new policy of providing mineral water to rural communities is being introduced Continuous and ongoing engagement with the policy makers at the apex level and implementing agencies at the grass roots level is at the core of WASHCost research strategy. Fine tuning WASHCost approach to the changing policy of the water sector to the extent possible in order to make the research policy relevant.
  17. 17. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Outputs expected at the end of 2009 First set of tested methodology, including: Cost terminology Common framework for data collection Checklist for questionnaires Field guide for data collection Examples of analysis to be done with the data Several country specific papers
  18. 18. 2009.08.17 Dr. Kwabena Nyarko (KNUST - Ghana) and Dr. Ratna Reddy (LRMNI – India) Thank you Photos : WASHCost team Production : WASHCost team Design : da Cruz Moreno www.washcost.info

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