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Session 3B Finance - Michiel Smet protos benin


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Session 3B Finance - Michiel Smet protos benin

  1. 1. Sector wide approach for the funding of rural water supply<br />Coordination of financial flows at the intermediate level, case study from Benin<br />Michiel Smet PROTOS-Benin<br />
  2. 2. Presentation overview<br />Decentralisation has been initiated in 1999, and implemented in 2002<br />Transfer of human and financial resources have followed slowly<br />Due to slow application of roles and responsibilities:<br />intermediate level administration has not gained authority to coordinate financial flows<br />municipalities have not been able to gain experience in implementation and planning<br />Transfer of financial resources is a prerequisite for effective coordination<br />Simple financial reporting tools need to be developed and applied by all sector actors, including non-state actors<br />Civil society needs to be implicated in the coordination to assure good governance<br />
  3. 3. Sector wide approach:towards attaining the MDG<br />Goal<br />Equitable supply of water for at least 67% of the rural population by 2015<br />Objectives<br />Increased access to water-points (76%)<br />Multiple use of water and IWRM (4%)<br />Reinforcement of water sector actors (3%)<br />Reinforcement of water sector other than drinking water (12%)<br />Improvement of national and provincial government services (4%)<br />(2010 budget allocation)<br />
  4. 4. Sector wide approach:Objective oriented budgeting<br />Objective oriented budgeting (2002) based on the 5 sector objectives<br />State and international development cooperation funds apply objective oriented budgeting<br />Non-state actors do not apply objective oriented budgeting<br />Little information is available on financial flows of non-state actors within the sector<br />
  5. 5. Decentralisation of rural water supply envisaged roles and responsibilities<br />
  6. 6. National<br />Intermediate<br />Current institutional situation<br />Policy, normative and coordination<br />Min. energy and water<br />Min. decentralisation<br />Service provider (Municipalities)<br />Procurement and implementation<br />Provincial water direct.<br />Municipality<br />Community mobilisation<br />Regulation & assistance<br />
  7. 7. National<br />Intermediate<br />Service provider (Municipalities)<br />Current financial flows<br />National budget<br />International aid<br />66%<br />Municipal development fund<br />Programmes<br />Sector budget<br />Provincial sector budget<br />28%<br />Municipal budget<br />Non-state actors<br />6%<br />Projects<br />
  8. 8. Sector budget 2005-2010:distribution<br />
  9. 9. Sector budget 2010:sources and distribution<br />
  10. 10. National<br />Intermediate<br />Envisaged decentralised situation<br />Policy and normative role<br />Min. energy and water<br />Min. decentralisation<br />Service provider (Municipalities)<br />Regulation and coordination<br />Provincial water direct.<br />Municipality<br />Implementation, procurement, service delivery<br />Regulation & assistance<br />
  11. 11. Coordination structures<br />
  12. 12. Coordination on intermediate level<br />Aggregation of information on intermediate level to monitor progress towards attaining MDGs<br />Documentation of experiences on municipal level in order to learn and inform national level and vice versa<br />Identification of municipal capacity shortcomings to reinforce institutional and technical capacities<br />Regulation and quality assurance<br />Implication of civil society in order to assure good governance and equity of service delivery<br />
  13. 13. Coordination on municipal level<br />Participatory planning of development interventions<br />Coordination of sector actors and donors<br />Reporting of financial flows<br />Exchange of experiences among municipal actors and projects<br />Portal for water users federations to identify service delivery failures or shortcomings<br />
  14. 14. Tools for an effective coordination<br />Strict application of roles proposed by the decentralisation process✖<br />Application of simple financial reporting tools using the objective oriented budgeting system by all sector actors✖<br />Participatory municipal sector planning to ensure coherent and transparent planning of implementation✔<br />Implication of water users federations to ensure equity and good governance✖<br />
  15. 15. Thank you<br />