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Review of the sustainability checks in UNICEF’s WASH programmes: key findings


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UNICEF has carried out sustainability checks of their water and sanitation programmes in East and West Africa, and in Asia. This presentation reviews what these checks have in common, the methods used and disparities in data aggregation. Key results for water supply (functionality rates and service provider performance) and sanitation (latrine functionality and open defecation) are provided. It concludes with an overview of the impact of conducting sustainability checks and recommendations on the methodology and and use. Presented by Julia Boulenouar (Aguaconsult) at the IRC Event "Checking and monitoring sustainability of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services" in The Hague, The Netherlands on 16 November 2016,

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Review of the sustainability checks in UNICEF’s WASH programmes: key findings

  2. 2. OVERVIEW OF THE APPLICATION TO DATE ORGANISATION APPLICATIONS UNICEF East Africa: 7 countries/18 applications West Africa: 5 countries/ 5 applications Asia: 2 countries/ 2 applications 25
  3. 3. COMMONALITIES ACROSS SUSTAINABILITY CHECKS • Conducted by 3rd parties • Similar approaches to data collection • Similar approaches to sampling • Considered systems newly built • Considered multiple dimensions: FIETS • BUT focused on functionality and community level • Methodologies in ESARO more mature/complex with evolutions • No longitudinal data and no outcome data in most countries • Largely a UNICEF reporting tool
  4. 4. DIFFERENT METHODOLOGIES • Varying scopes: • Functionality vs. sustainability factors • Local vs. sector level • Different aspects included in FIETS •Different indicators, definitions, benchmarks, methods of assessment • Varying data collection methods: • WQ testing • Transect walks
  5. 5. DISPARITIES IN THE AGGREGATION PROCESS Mozambique, 2014 Malawi, 2014 Mali, 2015
  6. 6. KEY RESULTS- WATER SUPPLY 100% 100% 100% 89% 89% 66% 80% 89% Ghana Coted'Ivoire Mauritania Mali Mozambique Rwanda Ethiopia Malawi Average WCARO ESARO Functionality rates in WCARO and ESARO 1 year after construction Between 1 and 4 years after construction 73% 100% 11% 90% 11%11% 70% 66% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Ghana Cote d'Ivoire Mauritania Service provider performance Functional service provider Tariff in place Access to spare parts Maintenance capacity
  7. 7. KEY RESULTS- SANITATION AND HYGIENE 88% 83% 79% 61% 76% 76% 79% Rwanda Mozambique Malawi Ghana Mali Mauritania Coted'Ivoire ESARO WCARO ODF 59% 70% 25% 60% 63% Rwanda Mozambique Ethiopia Mauritania Cote d'Ivoire ESARO WCARO Latrine functionality 1 year after implementation Between 1 and 4 years after implementation 1 year after implementation Between 1 and 4 years after implementation
  8. 8. MAIN IMPACTS OF THE SUSTAINABILITY CHECKS • At country level • Management memos and remedial actions • Sustainability on the political agenda • Engagement with results- fundamental shift in approach? • Impact on sustainability? • At organisational level • Greater focus • Inclusion in corporate monitoring • At sector level • The tool is being adopted by more stakeholders
  9. 9. RECOMMANDATIONS ON THE METHODOLOGY • Approach • Standardise the methodology and the deliverables • Contextualise the benchmarks based on national norms • Develop the SC with Government • Minimum indicators: • Functionality • Service levels (reliability; water quality) • Enabling factors: service provider capacity, district support • Process • Annual check + sector assessments (e.g. BAT) • Support national monitoring systems • Engage with results!
  10. 10. RECOMMANDATIONS ON HOW TO USE THE SUSTAINABILITY CHECK Programme design Programme implementation Post- implementation Sector assessment (including capacity and monitoring assessment) Light sustainability check: functionality, service quality and service provider performance Support to sector monitoring and use of existing data Project/programme evaluation including sustainability assessment
  11. 11. THANK YOU Julia Boulenouar