Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Modernised Mixtures in Urban Sanitation
Services
Dr ir Bas van Vliet, Environmental Policy Group
Wageningen University.
IR...
Outline
 Modernized Mixtures in urban environmental
infrastructures
 PROVIDE project dealing with urban sanitation in Ea...
Modernized Mixtures, alternative for classical
dichotomy on infrastructure development
 Dichotomy with regard to the tech...
Modernized Mixtures
 Combining technologies and modes of governance from
centralised and de-centralised systems
 Adapted...
Four social and technical dimensions
Combined
water and
waste flows
Low cost,
flexible systems
Large
scale,
fixed price
sy...
“modernized mixtures”
centralised systems
de-centralised systems
Diverse Modernised Mixtures
Modernized Mixtures Approach to
environmental infrastructures
These infrastructures are:
 Multidimensional in terms of:
●...
Provide project on Sustainable Urban
Environmental Infrastructure Development
in East Africa
 Improving Sanitation and so...
Technical, Institutional,
Spatial Configurations
assessment
Conventional
Traditional
Mixed
Evaluation on:
• Environmental ...
Assessment of large, small and mixed
systems in Kampala
General Findings
 Neither the conventional large-scale, nor alternative
small-scale environmental technologies will solve...
Thank you for
listening!
Bas.vanvliet@wur.nl
@basvanvliet2
www.wageningenur.nl/enp
Modernised mixtures in urban sanitation services
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Modernised mixtures in urban sanitation services

646 views

Published on

Modernised Mixtures in Urban Sanitation Services presented by Dr ir Bas van Vliet, Environmental Policy Group Wageningen University at the IRC event, The Hague, 9 September 2015.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Modernised mixtures in urban sanitation services

  1. 1. Modernised Mixtures in Urban Sanitation Services Dr ir Bas van Vliet, Environmental Policy Group Wageningen University. IRC, The Hague, 9-9-2015
  2. 2. Outline  Modernized Mixtures in urban environmental infrastructures  PROVIDE project dealing with urban sanitation in East Africa  Findings from sanitation studies in East Africa
  3. 3. Modernized Mixtures, alternative for classical dichotomy on infrastructure development  Dichotomy with regard to the technology: ● High tech – Low tech ● Large-scale Grid Bound – Small-scale self-reliant ● Linear Material Flow – Closed Loops  Dichotomy with regard to governance, planning and management institutions: ● Top-down – Bottom-up Decision-making ● Central – Decentral Management ● Developmental state – Network governance
  4. 4. Modernized Mixtures  Combining technologies and modes of governance from centralised and de-centralised systems  Adapted to specific local conditions  Variations in different dimensions ● scale ● involvement of end-users ● combination of flows ● organization  Creating a “fit” between options for infrastructures and socio- economic, technological, political and ecological conditions
  5. 5. Four social and technical dimensions Combined water and waste flows Low cost, flexible systems Large scale, fixed price systems Low involvement of end-users Decentralised organisation Centralised organisation High involvement of end-users Separated water and waste flows
  6. 6. “modernized mixtures” centralised systems de-centralised systems Diverse Modernised Mixtures
  7. 7. Modernized Mixtures Approach to environmental infrastructures These infrastructures are:  Multidimensional in terms of: ● Technology/infrastructure ● Management/modes of governance ● Services and flows  At multiple scales in terms of: ● Infrastructure lay-out ● Management responsibilities
  8. 8. Provide project on Sustainable Urban Environmental Infrastructure Development in East Africa  Improving Sanitation and solid waste management in East African urban centers, in dialogue with and responding to the needs of the urban poor  Thoroughly identify existing and potential (technical and governance) arrangements for sanitation and solid waste management ● policy arrangements involving different (novel) configurations of actors ● new technological configurations, institutional arrangements and systems
  9. 9. Technical, Institutional, Spatial Configurations assessment Conventional Traditional Mixed Evaluation on: • Environmental health • Accessibility • Flexibility Assessing Sanitary Systems in East Africa (Sammy Letema, PhD thesis 2012)
  10. 10. Assessment of large, small and mixed systems in Kampala
  11. 11. General Findings  Neither the conventional large-scale, nor alternative small-scale environmental technologies will solve waste and sanitation problems in urban centers of East Africa  Social and technical diversity in waste and sanitation services is not the problem but rather the opening to tailor-made solutions and governance arrangements  Modernised Mixtures approach offers a framework for interdisciplinary sanitation research and new policy orientations  In terms of governance: Need for networked rather than neo-developmental state governance to support emergence of these mixtures
  12. 12. Thank you for listening! Bas.vanvliet@wur.nl @basvanvliet2 www.wageningenur.nl/enp

×