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Gram Vikas- An Overview
Location of Work

• 28 Districts

72571 Families

17 project offices

(25-Odisha, 1-Madhya Pradesh, 1-Jharkhand, 1-Andhra ...
The Beginning

•A group from the Young Students Movement for
Development, Chennai came to Orissa at the time of the cyclon...
Initial Years (1979-81)
Organized a tribal

people’s movement
across 60 villages in
Kerandimals, Ganjam, agai
nst moneylen...
Alternative Fuels

Biogas promotion in collaboration with the National
programme for Biogas Development
54,000+ biogas pla...
MANTRA

An integrated approach towards total habitat
development and dignity
Core values
Inclusion

Cost sharing

100% of families take part
Community contribution of labour and materials
•Mobilize s...
People’s Institution
Registered institutions
Representation of all sections
Rights and responsibilities

Livelihood and
fo...
Context

80%
morbidity in
rural India
Due to lack of
protected
and safe drinking
water and sanitation.

55% coverage of ru...
Unprotected water bodies are the breeding grounds for various
waterborne ailments.
The daily drudgery doesn't spare anyone
Not even children…
Exclusion is a bane in society
Water and Sanitation
A vehicle for social
inclusion
100% Coverage of all households
• Water and sanitation anchored within local
institutional arrangements
•Equal representation of men and women

•Each hous...
People can and will pay for quality
but there are social costs
Not just toilet but a bathing room also
The Third Tap
• People contribute their
labour and local
materials and Gram
Vikas pays the cost of
external materials
Ensuring Sustainability
• Institutional mechanisms to enforce and maintain hygienic
practices- group monitoring by childre...
Physical Capital
• Toilets and
bathing rooms
• Piped water supply
with three taps
• Development of
. community assets
Overcoming
Roadblocks
Lack of Electricity
•Solar Powered Pumps-23 villages
•Use of Gravitational Flow principles
- 449 vil...
GRAVITY FLOW WATER
SUPPLY SYSTEM
Rural Energy Production
•Biogas Production

• Micro Hydro Plant

•Solar Photovoltaic LED

•Smokeless Chullas
Our toilets are better than houses!!
Disaster Resistant Houses
Community Capital
•Inclusive village institutions adopt
democratic ways of functioning

•Women gain public space and voice...
Creating Livelihoods
•Skill training in
masonry, plumbing to 4000
rural youth

•Agriculture and horticulture
support to 50...
Building Dignity , not just
toilets!
Tell Tale Figures
 85% reduction in incidence of water-borne diseases
 Corpus fund of over Rs. 7.5 crores
Toilet and ba...
100,000 families by 2017
120000

100000
80000
50000

60000 Se…
40000

22347

1990

336
1995

3073
2000

20000

5121
2005

...
G
R
A
M

V
I
K
A
S

An equitable and sustainable society where
people live in peace with dignity
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Gram vikas overview 2013

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Presentation on Gram Vikas during the stakeholder meeting on India Community Water Plus project in New Delhi, September 2013.

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Gram vikas overview 2013

  1. 1. Gram Vikas- An Overview
  2. 2. Location of Work • 28 Districts 72571 Families 17 project offices (25-Odisha, 1-Madhya Pradesh, 1-Jharkhand, 1-Andhra Pradesh) • 1196 Habitations 3,89,333 People 295 staff
  3. 3. The Beginning •A group from the Young Students Movement for Development, Chennai came to Orissa at the time of the cyclone in 1971 •Invited to Ganjam district by the administration and the milk union in 1976 to work with adivasi communities
  4. 4. Initial Years (1979-81) Organized a tribal people’s movement across 60 villages in Kerandimals, Ganjam, agai nst moneylenders and liquor merchants. It included interventions in health, education, small savings and income generation.
  5. 5. Alternative Fuels Biogas promotion in collaboration with the National programme for Biogas Development 54,000+ biogas plants constructed between ’83-’93, over 6000 masons trained
  6. 6. MANTRA An integrated approach towards total habitat development and dignity
  7. 7. Core values Inclusion Cost sharing 100% of families take part Community contribution of labour and materials •Mobilize social costs from government and non-government agencies Social equity Poorer pay less, better off pay more Gender equity Women and men have equal say Sustainability Built in mechanisms for financial and institutional sustainability
  8. 8. People’s Institution Registered institutions Representation of all sections Rights and responsibilities Livelihood and food security Land and water mgmt. Skill enhancement Focal areas Enabling infrastructure Housing Community halls Water and sanitation Alternate energy Health Education Access to basic education High schools for tribal children Promotive and preventive healthcare Project dispensaries Facilitate govt. health care
  9. 9. Context 80% morbidity in rural India Due to lack of protected and safe drinking water and sanitation. 55% coverage of rural households in Sanitation 85% people practice open defecation as per Census 2011 (Odisha) 25% villages have piped water facility
  10. 10. Unprotected water bodies are the breeding grounds for various waterborne ailments.
  11. 11. The daily drudgery doesn't spare anyone Not even children…
  12. 12. Exclusion is a bane in society
  13. 13. Water and Sanitation A vehicle for social inclusion
  14. 14. 100% Coverage of all households
  15. 15. • Water and sanitation anchored within local institutional arrangements •Equal representation of men and women •Each household contributes an average of Rs. 1000 ($22) towards corpus fund
  16. 16. People can and will pay for quality but there are social costs
  17. 17. Not just toilet but a bathing room also
  18. 18. The Third Tap
  19. 19. • People contribute their labour and local materials and Gram Vikas pays the cost of external materials
  20. 20. Ensuring Sustainability • Institutional mechanisms to enforce and maintain hygienic practices- group monitoring by children, women .. • Ensuring all time 100% coverage •Identification of maintenance mechanisms, e.g. contribution from harvests; community pisciculture; monthly payments
  21. 21. Physical Capital • Toilets and bathing rooms • Piped water supply with three taps • Development of . community assets
  22. 22. Overcoming Roadblocks Lack of Electricity •Solar Powered Pumps-23 villages •Use of Gravitational Flow principles - 449 villages •Biodiesel- 3 villages
  23. 23. GRAVITY FLOW WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM
  24. 24. Rural Energy Production •Biogas Production • Micro Hydro Plant •Solar Photovoltaic LED •Smokeless Chullas
  25. 25. Our toilets are better than houses!!
  26. 26. Disaster Resistant Houses
  27. 27. Community Capital •Inclusive village institutions adopt democratic ways of functioning •Women gain public space and voice in village decision making process; •Capacities to negotiate and bargain with state and other agencies improved- role of contractor eliminated •Improvement in health status of women and children •Improved functioning of schools and increase in enrollment of children.
  28. 28. Creating Livelihoods •Skill training in masonry, plumbing to 4000 rural youth •Agriculture and horticulture support to 5000 families •Vertical shaft brick kilns as enterprise development
  29. 29. Building Dignity , not just toilets!
  30. 30. Tell Tale Figures  85% reduction in incidence of water-borne diseases  Corpus fund of over Rs. 7.5 crores Toilet and bathing rooms constructed for 60739 households in 1043 villages  Toilets to new households: 420 units  Piped water supply completed in 940 villages  Government development funds of about Rs. 56 million accessed annually directly by villages  Over 950 SHGs with over 12,000 members  Over 90% immunisation of children  Over 90% enrolment of children in school; attendance over 80% for girl children
  31. 31. 100,000 families by 2017 120000 100000 80000 50000 60000 Se… 40000 22347 1990 336 1995 3073 2000 20000 5121 2005 2010 0 2015
  32. 32. G R A M V I K A S An equitable and sustainable society where people live in peace with dignity

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