FROM CLTS TO
SUSTAINABLE
SANITATION SERVICES

11/19/2013

“Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin

Background
paper
...
A WELL KNOWN SITUATION
 Since 2006, there is a shift in implementing approaches,
CLTS was seen as THE new solution to inc...
CURRENT APPROACHES
Traditional sanitation

Emphasis/ focus
Mode of learning
Role of community
Areas of major shift
Role of...
CURRENT APPROACHES
 What these approaches can achieve:
 Create local know-how
 Encourage community ownership
 Triggeri...
SANITATION VALUE CHAIN

Source: WaterAid, 2012

11/19/2013

“Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin

5
IT IS NOT JUST ABOUT COVERAGE,
IT IS ABOUT DELIVERING A SERVICE

11/19/2013

“Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin...
THE LADDER METAPHOR

Access to sanitary latrines
Use by all, throughout the year, for people in
and around the household...
THE LADDER METAPHOR

11/19/2013

8
WHAT IS NEEDED TO ENSURE
SANITATION SERVICE DELIVERY?
The framework:
 Social component (at community level): the creation...
THE ROAD AHEAD –SUGGESTIONS TO
OPERATIONALISE A SERVICE
 Sanitation ser vices deliver y models are countr y and area - sp...
Merci!
Thank you!

11/19/2013

11
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From clts to sustainable sanitation services

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Presentation in English given at the Toward Total Sanitation workshop in Cotonou, Benin, from 12 - 14 November 2013. The presentation was given by Melanie Carrasco of IRC.

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From clts to sustainable sanitation services

  1. 1. FROM CLTS TO SUSTAINABLE SANITATION SERVICES 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin Background paper 1
  2. 2. A WELL KNOWN SITUATION  Since 2006, there is a shift in implementing approaches, CLTS was seen as THE new solution to increase coverage levels and was progressively implemented in national policies  Today: many “mixed” approaches CLTS / PHAST / subsidies… are being implemented .. For what results?  MDG not met in most west-African countries for sanitation  No dramatically increase of coverage, and if yes:  For how long?  With which level of services? 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 2
  3. 3. CURRENT APPROACHES Traditional sanitation Emphasis/ focus Mode of learning Role of community Areas of major shift Role of outsiders CLTS approach Toilet construction Verbal Passive recipients of ideas, technologies and subsidies People’s empowerment Visual Active drivers and innovators Traditional Sanitation CLTS approach Teaches, advises, prescribes and Facilitates a process of change and supplies hardware empowerment Major outcome Increased number of latrines ODF communities, absence of faeces in the open Toilet designs are undertaken by Outside engineers Insiders and community engineers Indicators of measurement of change Number of latrines built Number of ODF communities Major inputs Sanitary hardware, subsidies in cash or materials Software/ training and capacity building 3 11/19/2013
  4. 4. CURRENT APPROACHES  What these approaches can achieve:  Create local know-how  Encourage community ownership  Triggering behavioral change  Latrines up to standard  Pro-poor measure  Increased coverage  What are the common gaps  Programme bound/no long term mechanisms in place  No follow-up beyond programme and no monitoring  Maintenance and maintenance costs are not addressed  No choice and availability of technologies adapted to the local context 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 4
  5. 5. SANITATION VALUE CHAIN Source: WaterAid, 2012 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 5
  6. 6. IT IS NOT JUST ABOUT COVERAGE, IT IS ABOUT DELIVERING A SERVICE 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 6
  7. 7. THE LADDER METAPHOR Access to sanitary latrines Use by all, throughout the year, for people in and around the household Reliability (latrines maintained, replaced and emptied when full) Environmental protection (safe disposal and / or productive use of faecal sludge) 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 7
  8. 8. THE LADDER METAPHOR 11/19/2013 8
  9. 9. WHAT IS NEEDED TO ENSURE SANITATION SERVICE DELIVERY? The framework:  Social component (at community level): the creation of demand (triggering / social marketing) and motivation to sustain  Technical component (within and beyond the community): strengthening the supply chain (know -how, materials), making sure the right technology is of fered ( Cf the value chain)  Institutional component: strengthening of an enabling environment: that stakeholder know their role / coordinate actions and harmonize  Financial component: Well -aligned financial arrangements; ensuring that at ever y scale, stakeholder have the financial capacity. But this is far beyond the scope of households….  …. So how to deal with this in a WASH sector dominated by household -led approaches?  Need for a shift of reponsibilities? 11/19/2013 “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 9
  10. 10. THE ROAD AHEAD –SUGGESTIONS TO OPERATIONALISE A SERVICE  Sanitation ser vices deliver y models are countr y and area - specific  Ser vice deliver y is a complex task which cannot only be done at local level,  Need to reinforce the capacity of authorities  Political suppor t and leader ship  Technology, options and quality of construction;  Innovations,  Strong regulation in place  Suppor ting financing mechanisms;  Suppor ting households in maintaining and upgrading. How? And who?  Reinforce links with the private sector. What will be the role of each stakeholder?  Reinforce monitoring tools  Put in place sustainability closes and post -implementation measures….. ………………………………….. 11/19/2013 Your ideas? “Towards sustainable total sanitatin” – Bénin 10
  11. 11. Merci! Thank you! 11/19/2013 11

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