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Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations, A selection of priorities and solutions. IRC event.

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A presentation by Michel Becks of Rode Kruis, for IRC event on Innovative approaches to WASH in emergencies situations. Nov 2015

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Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations, A selection of priorities and solutions. IRC event.

  1. 1. Michel Becks mbecks@redcross.nl Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations A selection of priorities and solutions
  2. 2. Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations 3 Key principles in humanitarion assistance Right to life with dignity Right to humanitarian assistance Right to protection and security Address emergency thresholds: • Crude Mortality Rate: 1 per 10,000 per day • Under 5 Mortality Rate: 2 per 10,000 per day (“Non-crisis” CMR in Sub-Saharan Africa: 0.3 to 0.6 per 10,000 per day, +/- double for U5MR)
  3. 3. 4 Innovation priority areas Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  4. 4. 5 Noticable changes in the humanitarian system Improved coordination, transparency and predictable response (Cluster system) Clear standards and indicators (SPHERE) Increased focus on health outcomes (hygiene promotion/ software...) Addressing/ absorbing trends: • Cross-sector working • Resilience building • Green response • Cross-cutting issues: Gender, disability Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  5. 5. 6 Challenges remain… Natural disasters, and other shocks such as human pandemics and conflict, are likely to occur more often in urban settings More than half of the refugees now served by UNHCR lives in urban areas; Forming new high density settlements, settling in urban slums or living with host families River flooding poses a threat to over 379 million urban residents Over 283 million urban people could potentially be affected by earthquakes Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  6. 6. 7 WASH gap analysis 2013 Water supply  Water Treatment, particularly bulk and point of use household filters, including cost and sustainability issues  Low-tech solutions that are acceptable and can be sustained by local people Study carried out through the Humanitarian Innovation Fund Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  7. 7. Sanitation  Latrines in locations where no pits are possible (urban, high water table/flooding)  Latrine emptying and desludging  Final sewage disposal options after desludging and treatment  Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and sanitation marketing  Urban alternatives for excreta disposal  Further develop non-toilet options 8 WASH gap analysis 2013
  8. 8. Titel van de presentatie | datum 10 WASH gap analysis 2013 Hygiene Promotion/ software  Hand washing hardware and promotion and sustainability  Non-soap options  Approaches that are suited to the local context • Behaviour Change Communication • Data collection and feed-back using mobile devices
  9. 9. ‘Other’ issues  Programming across the relief-development continuum • Sustainability • Integrate exit strategies from the onset  Greater involvement and coordination • With existing local NGOs and NGO development programmes • With other clusters  Urban disasters  Create an evidence base: Impact of WASH interventions on health outcomes  Attention to sanitation and hygiene promotion (‘Getting the balance right’)  Impact of the SDGs on humanitarian action 11 WASH gap analysis 2013 Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  10. 10. Urban WASH in Tondo, Manila
  11. 11. 13 Transformation management intensity Innovationintensity Fashionista • Many innovations but within some silo’s (sectors/ organisations) • No shared vision • Underdeveloped coordination Conservative • Shared but underdeveloped vision • Limited, but traditionally strong innovation • Strong coordination/ control • Active in building innovation capacity and culture Innovation Leader • Strong shared vision, governance and coordination • Vibrant innovation chain with measurable added value • Strong innovation culture Beginner • Management sceptical towards innovation in its organisation • (Potentially) some experiments • Immature innovation culture Creating a culture of innovation Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  12. 12. 14 The innovation process Developing Functional Requirements Intensive (WASH) sector consultation Match-making: humanitarian actors, knowledge institutes & Private Sector Match offerings with requirements Testing/ adjusting promising solutions Bringing innovation to scale Beyond humanitarian demand... e.g. PPPs in longer- term settings Matching humanitarian demand with supply Setting priorities 1. Raised latrines 2. Desludging 3. Treatment and disposal Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  13. 13.  Humanitarian innovation value chain: Exploring & fixing our weakest link  Converge: common priorities and agenda • Platform for humanitarian (WASH) innovation  Inclusiveness: identify local needs, centering innovation more around local communities (but… ‘do no harm’)  Partnership approach: Co-creation of innovative and scalable solutions by humanitarian actors, Private Sector & knowledge institutes 15 Aspirations Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations
  14. 14. Michel Becks mbecks@redcross.nl
  15. 15. time resiliencelevel critical resilience level Human capital Social capital Financial capital Physical capital Natural capital Political capital stresses (sudden onset) disaster resilience level Longer-term response Disaster Response Longer-term response Diagram adapted from IFRC’s ‘the road to resilience’ The relief-development continuum 17Demand-driven humanitarian WASH innovations

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