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Community water plus ppt delhi workshop kurian


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Community management of rural water supply systems. Presentation by Dr V.Kurian Baby at the stakeholders meeting of the India Community Water Plus Project in New Delhi, Sept 2013.

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Community water plus ppt delhi workshop kurian

  1. 1. COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS (Community Water Plus) Dr. V. Kurian Baby, India Country Director, IRC National Stakeholder workshop New Delhi 20 September 2013
  2. 2. Key phases in the evolution of rural water sector policy
  4. 4. Rural coverage (%); JMP, 210 Community-based management Private contracting (includes to NGOs or CBOs) Local govt. /municipal Provider Self supply Association of community or user associations Urban utility (public, private or mixed) USA South Africa Colombia Thailand Sri Lanka Honduras India Benin Ghana Uganda Burkina Mozambq Service delivery model options Ethiopia CBM Dominate RWSS Model Globally 29 26 72 64 74 69 84 77 88 98 73 78 94 P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P
  5. 5. Rural areas lag far behind urban areas • 84% of the world population without improved drinking-water source lives in rural areas • i.e. 743 million rural people against 131 million living in urban area (JMP 2010 Progress report) • 75% of the world poor still live in rural areas (2008 WDR)
  6. 6. Increasing coverage is not the whole story Breakdowns, failures, nonfunctionality, slippage ........... a tipping point which is now a threat to achieving the MDGs? Build on current progress, but shift from infrastructure to service delivery
  7. 7. Sustainability a Big Issue….. 30 to 50 % of facilities are no longer functioning after a few years Causes : Poor design, no ownership, inadequate service/technology , lack of capacity/ incentives, no O&M, lack of spare parts, water quality, source drying up, no back support, Service Level (access, quantity, quality…) Capital investment /Project approach 1 2 3 4 5 Waste of hundreds of millions of USD per country Adapted from IRC Years
  8. 8. Recent Evidences • CBM emerged as a dominant rural service delivery model enhancing coverage globally • Large Number of best practice CBM models across the world and in India • However sustainability is a serious concern - critical post construction (PCS) gaps in service delivery 8
  9. 9. Whither CBM or Emerge CBM +? • Sceptics argue against CBM as a means to attain sustainable service delivery • Others argue for a community plus model for improving sustainability where – Governments to continue a critical role in providing predictable post construction support and professionalize CBM 9
  10. 10. RWSS in India: Why CBM Critical ? India Community rural water supply sytems are orphans left out by partially implemented decentralisation and demand responsive sector reforms 10
  11. 11. RWSS in India: Why CBM Critical ? • CBM has emerged as a dominant model of RWSS service delivery in India • XII plan target 60% of RWSS operated and managed by LSGs and communities with at least 50% cost recovery • Wash is constitutional mandate of PRIs (73rd and 74th amendment) • Monolithic water boards and departments plan, design and construct schemes and hand over to PRIs/VWSCs de jure responsible yet de facto NOT-empowered • CBM is critical for equity and subsidiarity 11
  12. 12. 12 Presentation Title
  13. 13. Challenge of last mile coverage + asset management Danger zone: as basic infrastructure is provided, coverage risks stagnating at around 60 – 80% Sector effort and costs Recurrent expenditure and support effort dominates Capital expenditure dominates Capital maintenance expenditure dominates 25% 50% 75% 100% Coverage rates WATER SERVICES THAT LAST …13
  14. 14. Challenge of ‘Slippage’ – High Investment – low outcome trap: India >30% Information presented at IRC Slippage roundtable Briefing, Delhi, June 2009
  15. 15. 15 Presentation Title
  16. 16. 10.00 0.00 20.00 11.40 9.90 8.80 7.50 6.80 3.70 2.60 30.00 40.00 50.00 42.50 41.40 34.90 31.00 30.80 29.50 28.70 26.90 25.20 24.50 20.20 60.00 70.00 63.90 63.60 63.40 59.40 59.30 56.40 55.80 55.70 51.80 50.20 80.00 90.00 100.00 95.20 95.00 88.70 84.80 82.60 79.30 77.80 77.50 Challenge of service levels - Tap Connection(Census 2011)
  17. 17. India has many CBM success stories…. • CBM best practices across India – (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Gujarat, Punjab, UP etc.) • Many non-documented models even in low performing states – however; • Replicability and scaling up a are critical limitations • There are critical post construction support gaps • Cracks are seen in CBM questioning rationale/ sustainability • We need to identify the limiting factors and evolve context specific modalities for sustainable CBM in India 17
  18. 18. Community Management Plus • Support agency functions --- water quality, technical advice , capital maintenance, risk financing, tariff setting, training, monitoring etc. • Service authority– adequate fulfilment of function • Water security and source sustainability • Adequate financing of different costs - Life cycle costs • Transparency, governance and provider accountability • External agency on-going support to community + enabling environment • CBM + is Professionalization or professionalised support of community management 18
  19. 19. Research Objectives • Investigate functioning, successful, community managed rural water supply programmes in India • Determine the extent of support required to sustain services while retaining a valid level of community engagement. • Analyse and categorize the different levels of support required for different types of rural water supply 19
  20. 20. Research Approach • Research best practice/ successful 18 community based RWSS systems in India • Assess how the level of community management impacts on indicators such as service levels, service provider performance and equity • Collaborative - Consultative and Participatory Engage with policy makers at national and State level for strategic guidance, validation and policies 20
  21. 21. Research Outputs • Series of working papers and 18 case studies with • Report on the successful models for management and support to rural water supply in India • Policy briefs with the highlight findings of the research • Guideline document with proposed categories of management models and support entities fit to different contexts in India • Evidences for most applicable trajectories for development of CBM 21
  22. 22. Partners • Consortium lead: Cranfield University, United Kingdom • Members: – IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre (from the Netherlands), – Administrative Staff College of India (based in Hyderabad), – Centre for Excellence in Change (based in Chennai) – Malawya National Institute of Technology (based in Jaipur) – ?? • Work closely with national and State government agencies. 22
  23. 23. Thank You 23