Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Study of different modalities of public toilets in Kathmandu Metroplolitan City

1,128 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • It would be useful if presentations are uploaded to slideshare to add a contact person with contact details if one has questions or comments! Greetings from Italy. Peter | IRC
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Study of different modalities of public toilets in Kathmandu Metroplolitan City

  1. 1. Study on Modalities of Public Toilets in Kathmandu Metropolitan City: Focus on City Service Centers and Mobile ToiletsPresenter: Manish Basnet Asia regional sanitation and hygiene practitioners workshop 31 January – 2 February 2012, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  2. 2. Objectives & Methodology OBJECTIVES • To study public latrines of City Service Centers (CSCs) and Mobile Toilets based on management modality. • Financial status and users’ perspectives and catalog the findings. METHODOLOGY • Questionnaire Surveys of operators and users. • Inspection based on indicators: – Physical Infrastructure status – Hygiene Indicators
  3. 3. Public Toilet’s ModalitiesTotal Public toilets - 32
  4. 4. City Service Centers (CSCs) • Concept of Public Private Partnership (PPP) and Build, Operate, Own and Transfer (BOOT). • Only 3 constructed at Ratnapark, Khulamanch and Chabahil.
  5. 5. Mobile Toilets (MTs) • Mobile Toilets operated under Public Private Partnership (PPP).• Limited holding capacity ofthe tank – limited water usefor cleaning and washing.
  6. 6. Tender-run Toilets • Toilets constructed by KMC • Leased to operators by issuing tenders.
  7. 7. Findings• CSCs and MTs – relativelybetter services.• CSCs and MTs profitable –good case for sustainability.• Most of the questionnairerespondents (65%) preferredpublic latrines of CSCs.• Currently, PPP and BOOTmodality of CSCs - bettermodality.
  8. 8. Issues• CSCs’ and MTs’ hygiene standard is still below par .• Fecal waste of CSCs directly discharged into city sewerage line; innovation to utilize fecal waste through on-site bio-gas plant. • Lack of adequate water in CSCs for users cleanliness – rain water harvesting options. • MTs - limited holding capacity and problems with waste disposal. •Lack of adherence to stated agreement by KMC and the companies
  9. 9. Challenges • No public toilets are child-friendly/differently-able friendly. Should be incorporated in ‘to be constructed public toilets’. • Monitoring mechanism weak – Provision for investing certain percentage of profit in maintaining toilets. • Public Toilet should be free – fares should be minimum. • CSCs focused only in core city areas and has not addressed informal settlements. How to address this problem?
  10. 10. Thank You

×