Faecal sludge management in Bangladeshan issue that needs urgent attentionAftab Opel, M Khairul Bashar, M Feroze AhmedAsia...
The magnitude of the problemSanitation challenges                                  Open defecation» Open defecation       ...
The magnitude of the problemSanitation challenges» About 80,000 tons of sludge             Sludge                         ...
MethodologySanitation challenges» 1220 household   interviewed in 3 cities» Samples in Khulna   and Faridpur were   statis...
Toilet type                                Access type100%                                        100% 90% 80%            ...
Pit/tank emptying and transportation                methods100% 90% 80% 70% 60%                               Other 50% 40...
Destination of sludge100% 90%                               Open 80%                               waterbody 70%          ...
Frequency of emptying
Awareness of the consequences
Expenses of emptying             Willingnessto pay                       for improved service» Manual           100%      ...
Demand estimation for on-site        sanitation
Service coverage
Follow up activities» An action research to find out    possible ways forward (with funding    from Simavi)» We shall try ...
AcknowledgementThe research was funded and guided                by  We acknowledge their support.
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Aftab Opel - Faecal sludge management presentation

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Aftab Opel - Faecal sludge management presentation

  1. 1. Faecal sludge management in Bangladeshan issue that needs urgent attentionAftab Opel, M Khairul Bashar, M Feroze AhmedAsia regional sanitation and hygiene practitioners workshop31 January – 2 February 2012Dhaka, Bangladesh
  2. 2. The magnitude of the problemSanitation challenges Open defecation» Open defecation 50 reduced to 4.4 % in 40 2010 which is a significant achievement 30 20» Does it mean that the 10 magnitude of the 0 problem is also 2003 2011 reduced?
  3. 3. The magnitude of the problemSanitation challenges» About 80,000 tons of sludge Sludge generation/treatment generated per day in the country 4» About 24,000 tons of sludge 26 generated per day in the urban areas of the country 70» About 960 tons of sludge go to treatment plant in Dhaka» What happens to the remaining Rural Urban Treatment volume?
  4. 4. MethodologySanitation challenges» 1220 household interviewed in 3 cities» Samples in Khulna and Faridpur were statistically representative for the cities» Samples in Dhaka were not representative for the city
  5. 5. Toilet type Access type100% 100% 90% 80% 80% 70% 60% 60% 50% 40% 40% 30% 20% 20% 10% 0% 0% Dhaka Khulna Faridpur Dhaka Khulna Faridpur VIP Pit Septic Tank OD Community Shared Personal
  6. 6. Pit/tank emptying and transportation methods100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Other 50% 40% Mechanical 30% Manual 20% 10% 0% Dhaka Khulna Faridpur
  7. 7. Destination of sludge100% 90% Open 80% waterbody 70% Underground 60% Particular place 50% 40% Open drain 30% Randomly 20% 10% 0% Dhaka Khulna Faridpur
  8. 8. Frequency of emptying
  9. 9. Awareness of the consequences
  10. 10. Expenses of emptying Willingnessto pay for improved service» Manual 100% 80% US$12-US$17 60% 40%» Mechanical 20% US$ 17 – US$40 0% Dhaka Khulna Faridpur No Yes
  11. 11. Demand estimation for on-site sanitation
  12. 12. Service coverage
  13. 13. Follow up activities» An action research to find out possible ways forward (with funding from Simavi)» We shall try out different models to make sludge into product over the next 2 years.» We welcome your thoughts and ideas.
  14. 14. AcknowledgementThe research was funded and guided by We acknowledge their support.

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