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AfricaSan 2011
Outline <ul><li>WASHCost/LCCA </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation cost  </li></ul><ul><li>Key findings </li></ul><ul><li>Policy r...
WASHCost project
Disaggregated Life Cycle Costs
WASHCost study areas Results from 1273  household surveys  (1032 in rural and 241 in small towns) Main finding:  Little re...
Sanitation technologies being used <ul><li>Sanitation Technologies are:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Closet (WC) </li></ul...
Sanitation - Capital Expenditure The cost to the household of having the latrines constructed excluding own labour and any...
Operational and minor maintenance expenditure  OpEx is primarily cleaning – disinfectants and detergents Sanitation Techno...
Capital Maintenance and HH Hygiene Cost <ul><li>Median Household expenditure on soap  is US $ 17 per  capita per year  (N ...
Cost and Service Level by area
Key findings <ul><li>With a median value of some 3-4 US$ per capita per year, operational expenditure on latrines (essenti...
Policy implications <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government financing to create and sustain an enabling enviro...
 
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AfricaSan 2011: Sanitation cost in Ghana - Kwabena Nyarko

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AfricaSan 2011: Sanitation cost in Ghana - Kwabena Nyarko

  1. 1. AfricaSan 2011
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>WASHCost/LCCA </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation cost </li></ul><ul><li>Key findings </li></ul><ul><li>Policy recommendations </li></ul>
  3. 3. WASHCost project
  4. 4. Disaggregated Life Cycle Costs
  5. 5. WASHCost study areas Results from 1273 household surveys (1032 in rural and 241 in small towns) Main finding: Little readily available expenditure data!
  6. 6. Sanitation technologies being used <ul><li>Sanitation Technologies are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Closet (WC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ventilated Improved Pit (VIP): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kumasi Ventilated Improved Pit (KVIP): 2 pit latrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanplat: modern slab without vent pipe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Pit Latrine (TPL): pit without modern slab or vent pipe </li></ul></ul>Only 346 out of 1273 representing 27 % have access to HH latrine
  7. 7. Sanitation - Capital Expenditure The cost to the household of having the latrines constructed excluding own labour and any subsidy. Sanitation Technology Capital Investment (in US $ 2009) Cost per facility Cost per capita Rural VIP, subsidy based 67 7 VIP, non- subsidy based 106 20 Small towns VIP, subsidy based 72 7 VIP, non-subsidy based 83 9 Traditional Pit latrine 74 11
  8. 8. Operational and minor maintenance expenditure OpEx is primarily cleaning – disinfectants and detergents Sanitation Technology Capital Investment (in US $ 2009) Cost per facility per year Cost per capita per year Rural Rural VIP 11 3 Small towns Water Closet, WC 21 4 VIP 8 4 TPL 17 3
  9. 9. Capital Maintenance and HH Hygiene Cost <ul><li>Median Household expenditure on soap is US $ 17 per capita per year (N = 1060). </li></ul><ul><li>Capital Maintenance expenditure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No expenditure was recorded on desludging or other forms of capital maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expenditure on Direct support cost per capita/yr </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National level – US $ 0.32 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District level – US $ 0.07 – 0.24 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Cost and Service Level by area
  11. 11. Key findings <ul><li>With a median value of some 3-4 US$ per capita per year, operational expenditure on latrines (essentially the cost of cleaning the latrines) over two to five years is greater than the cost of constructing the latrines. </li></ul><ul><li>With a median value of 17 US$ per person/year expenditure on soap for all hygienic related activities included (both in small towns and rural areas) is greater than both the capital and operational costs of latrines. </li></ul><ul><li>Lump sum capital expenditure for rural VIPs may not be affordable to the poorest in the rural areas. The cost of the non-subsidised rural VIP latrines range (inter-quartile) from US $ 64 –US $ 118 (median US $106). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Policy implications <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government financing to create and sustain an enabling environment (ExpIDS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create demand, Hygiene campaigns (ExpDS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovative financing for the provision of Household Toilets (CapEx) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eg is the proposed Revolving Fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>User contribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital expenditure (CapEx) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational expenditure (OpEx) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital maintenance expenditure (CapManEx) </li></ul></ul>

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