The pan-African M&E as high level advocacy tool for accelerating achievement of water and sanitation goal in Africa
AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE UNIÃO AFRICANA P. O. Box 3243, Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA Tel.: (251-11) 5525849 Fax: (251-11) 5525855 Website: www.africa-union.org Monitoring Sustainable WASH Services Delivery Symposium Theme 6: Building Coherence in Global-Regional-National WASH Monitoring Addis Ababa, 9th April 2013 The pan-African M&E as High level Advocacy Tool for accelerating achievement of Water and sanitation Goal in Africa Anselme Vodounhessi, & Dr Rashid Mbaziira Technical Advisers to AUC and AMCOW on Water
Water is part of the Political Agenda … Sharm El SheikhCommitments on Water
WHAT MISS? No Information System to monitor Heads of States Commitments … No Accountability System or Feedback mechanism…“If you can’t measure and monitor… You can’tmanage… You can’t even take right decision”
Country Level M&E: Senegal SONES DHR Titre de l’opérateur ONAS DEM SUBD Login DAS Password DGPRE SDE UCP
Piers Cross’s Question What can be done to improve alignmentand better use of global data in countries ? How can global monitoring systemsstrengthen monitoring at the national andsub-national levels?
African Union Board of Donors (AWF, AfDB, GIZ, EU, WB, G8, amongst others) Reporting Fundraising & AUC/NPCA accountabilityPoliticalsupport and SC TFhigh level Reportingadvocacy for RECschange (ECOWAS, UEMOA, ECCAS, SADC, UMA, EAC, IGAD, Cen-SAD…) AMCOW Organs GWP IWA AfWA CEDARE Technical AMCOW support and IBNET WIN Advocacy towards capacity Network of countries for Reporting Secretariat adopting corrective building. Actors CEDARE WSP measures, and Assistance to countries for better RECs UN Agencies CREPA Academia performances UNESCO- RL /BOs UN-Water, UNICEF, WHO, IHE, 2iE, CapNet… UN-Habitat, AU Member States Countries FP UNESCO, UNEP, UNECA, … Civil Society Organisations Others… Creation of enabling Pan- M&E ANEW, WaterAid,Communication environment for Media (Africa 24, Africable, …) Water Management Management Team of national political + Existing initiatives in water monitoring:commitments to Department and Water Utilities for GLASS, JMP, WWDR, CSOs, IBNET, amongst others.improve water andsanitation better performances. The M&E Programme Management Technical Structuremanagement asresponse to the poorcountry’s National Water and Sanitation DepartmentsWater and SanitationPerformances Index. Consider the M&E results to improve water and sanitation management performances to better serve African population and environment.Population of countries mainly the poor enjoying effective and sustainable access to water and sanitation services
THE AFRICAN WATER AND SANITATION M&E PROCESS Widespread Consultations in Africa … RECs Coordination Meeting on the pan African M&E, Feb 2012 Launch of the Report preparation under the Agreed Process in May 2012, Cairo 1st African Water Report
Formation of African M&E Organs endorsed by AMCOW GA in May 2012, Cairo Chair by AMCOW-TAC President African M&E Task Force Chair by the AUC African M&E Steering Committee
SC members adopted by AMCOW General Assembly in May 2012 in Cairo
TF members adopted by AMCOW General Assembly in May 2012 in Cairo
MILESTONES Overall Roadmap of the African M&E… (AF7) • Strengthen Regional Water Sector M&E Systems, by 2015. M4 • Engaged African Countries in improving Water Sector Strategies: First Water M5 and Sanitation Compact by 2017.
WHERE ARE WE GOING? WHEN ??? Continental AUC DATABASE AMCOW REC C.A. REC E.A. REC N.A. REC S.A. REC W.A. RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOs RLBOsCi Ci … Ci Ci Ci … Ci Ci Ci … Ci Ci Ci … Ci Ci Ci … Ci
Comprehensive FORMAT for the African M&EWhich data? Indicators? Parameters? Which Architecture? Use to further DATABASE develop…FORMAT CountriesUnified for African WaterSector M&E… RLBOs RECs
Sub-themes/ Performances Indicators ExistingAreas Themes Concerns Comments Performanc. Category Item Targets Baseline Milestone Source Level Source Develop infrastructure to Sh.el.Sk (a)/ 1.1 Water for Energy increase Hydropower Hydropower potential Increase by 10% 2000 2015 African Water Country & RECs UNIDO generation capacity Vision 1. Water Promote innovative Agricultural water Sh.el.Sk (c)/ 1.2 Water for Infrastructure for Agriculture technologies for efficient productivity RainFed Increase by 30% 2000 2015 African Water Country AQUASTAT agricultural water use & Irrigation Vision Economic Growth Water Demand Stress Develop water for all uses Sh.el.Sk (a)/ 1.3 Water for Multiple Index (rate of and allocate sufficent water Increase by 10% 2000 2015 African Water Country AQUASTAT Uses satisfied water for environment Vision demand) Acess to drinking water with % of people without Sh.el.Sk (a)/ 2.1 Urban Water Supply appropriate quality standard access Reduce by 50% 1990 2015 MDGs Country JMP Reflect access Acess to toilets and collection % of people without Sh.el.Sk (a)/ 2.2 Urban Sanitation system access Reduce by 50% 1990 2015 MDGs Country JMP to collection 2.Achieving the systems in ind. Water and Sanitation MDGs Acess to drinking water with % of people without Sh.el.Sk (a)/ 2.3 Rural Water Supply appropriate quality standard access Reduce by 50% 1990 2015 MDGs Country JMPWater for 2.4 Rural Sanitation and Acess to toilets and collection % of people without Sh.el.Sk (a)/ Reflect access Reduce by 50% 1990 2015 Country JMP to collectionSustainable Hygiene system access MDGs systems in ind.Development Identify Develop and implement Existence of national Sh.el.Sk (f)/ 3.1 Basin and 1 per country and Country and minimum national and transboundary and transboundary 2000 2015 African Water GWP Transboundary 1 per RLBOs RLBOs requests for IWRM plans & Reform IWRM plan Vision IWRM Plan 3.2 Transboundary Sh.el.Sk (a)/ Promote transboundary Transboundary Water AWW1 Infrastructure water infrastructures infrastructures Increase by 10% 2008 2015 RLBOs PIDA 3.Managing and suggested Development development Capacity targets Protecting Water Resources Promote sustainable AGC Roadmap AGC Roapmad African 3.3 Groundwater management and implementation implemented at 2008 2015 Sh.el.Sk (o) Groundwater AGC development of groundwater status more than 80% Commission Share of rainwater Sh.el.Sk (h)/ Develop rainwater reuse 3.4 Rainwater strategies use in total water Increase by 10% 2008 2015 suggested Country tbi consumption targets At least 1 CC Develop adaptation measures Existence of measures Sh.el.Sk (h & s) 4.1 Adaptation to adaptation Country, RLBOs to improve resilience, and for climate change 2008 2015 suggested tbi 4. Global Changes Climate Change Strategies per and RECs promote regional Dialogue adaptation targets and Risks Country/RLBOs Sh.el.Sk (h)/ Management Develop early warning Existence of Early At least 1 Tool per 4.2 Water-related AWW1, Country and systems for disaster warning tools for country and 1 per 2008 2015 tbi Hazards suggested RLBOs prevention disaster prevention RLBOs targets
Task Force Working Groups @ WORK Which categories of indicators to consider for the comprehensive Reporting Format for each of the 7 themes? Which data management methodologies and protocols for reliable data? How to make the chosen indicators more relevant to commitments in African Water sector? Which systems for data collection from countries? How information form countries should be managed and reported to trigger actions at the national levels?
Steering Committee @ WORK How to harmonize and align intervention atnational level for data collection and management? What for the African M&E Focal Points? What for National Platform for data collection and national validation? What to ensure involvement on National Statistics Department? Eg: Baseline Data ???
Steering Committee @ WORK How to harmonize and align intervention at Sub-regional level for data collection and management? What for JMP Data reconciliation process ? What for sub-regional M&E Programme at RECs… So far: Commitment from ECOWAS to implement jointly the Water Observatory Project in collaboration with the African M&E. ECCAS M&E: ECCAS Ministerial Decision in March 2012 to align the ECCAS M&E with the African M&E; SADC M&E? CEDARE M&E? IGAD/ EAC M&E ?
Rolf Luyendijk from UNICEFMonitoring is a means to an end
Use/outcome the African M&E… Impatient African on the ground…Waiting for pragmatic actions in response to PoliticalCommitment…