Supporting water sanitation
and hygiene services for life
2014 WASH Sustainability Forum
30 June – 1 July 2014
Water: Tool...
Defining sustainability for water supply
• Whether water
continues to flow
over time, and
whether it continues
to provide ...
Two broad approaches to sustainability
1. Groups of factors (dimensions) that affect likelihood of
sustainability:
• Socia...
Two broad approaches to sustainability
2. Snapshot of performance in service delivery
- Sustainability manifests itself th...
Four broad group of tools
• Tools to assess sustainability in comprehensive manner, covering
all (or most) dimensions
– Ma...
Challenges and gaps
Being
comprehensive
Challenges and gaps
Challenges and gaps
Keeping it
simple
Challenges and gaps
• Sustainability just depends on many factors, at different institutional levels, and often
are interr...
The big picture?
Or zooming in?
Challenges and gaps
• Tools zooming in at a particular dimension or level, may yield more
actionable results
• But may for...
Challenges and gaps
• Utility of tools depends on institutional capacity to use them
• Therefore need to be commensurate w...
Agenda
Key questions for discussion
What are the design principles when developing sustainability tools –
possible issues
− Level...
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Water: tools and approaches for sustainability

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Presentation prepared to introduce the water track at the 5th WASH Sustainability Forum. By Stef Smits, José Gesti Canuto and Cecilia Scharp. 30 June - 1 July 2014.

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Water: tools and approaches for sustainability

  1. 1. Supporting water sanitation and hygiene services for life 2014 WASH Sustainability Forum 30 June – 1 July 2014 Water: Tools and Approaches for Sustainability Stef Smits, José Gesti Canuto and Cecilia Scharp
  2. 2. Defining sustainability for water supply • Whether water continues to flow over time, and whether it continues to provide an agreed level of service • Systems may need to be replaced at the end of their life time, but services should be forever
  3. 3. Two broad approaches to sustainability 1. Groups of factors (dimensions) that affect likelihood of sustainability: • Social • Technical • Environmental • Institutional • Financial • Health • Mainly at community level, but increasingly at other institutional levels • Seek to be predictive: if all factors in all dimensions are in place, services are likely to be sustainability
  4. 4. Two broad approaches to sustainability 2. Snapshot of performance in service delivery - Sustainability manifests itself through level of service to the user (whether water flows and with what characteristics - Depending on performance in service delivery by: - Service provider, responsible for daily operation, maintenance and administration - Service authority, responsible for planning, coordination, support and oversight roles (typically local government) - Enabling environment - Snapshot of current situation, as basis for inferences towards the future - Explicit recognition that sustainability depends on factors at different institutional levels
  5. 5. Four broad group of tools • Tools to assess sustainability in comprehensive manner, covering all (or most) dimensions – Mainly in use for assessments, monitoring and evaluation • Tools that zoom into one specific dimension, – More oriented towards identifying actions within that dimension • Tools to comprehensively assess service delivery performance, covering all levels – Identifying what bottlenecks are at different institutional levels • Tools to assess performance at a single institutional level – Identifying structural improvement or reform at that level
  6. 6. Challenges and gaps
  7. 7. Being comprehensive Challenges and gaps
  8. 8. Challenges and gaps Keeping it simple
  9. 9. Challenges and gaps • Sustainability just depends on many factors, at different institutional levels, and often are interrelated • But is data on all of these reliably available? • Do we know the exact interaction between them • Making sense out of many data to identify bottlenecks and priorities: generation of alerts Being comprehensive Keeping it simple
  10. 10. The big picture?
  11. 11. Or zooming in?
  12. 12. Challenges and gaps • Tools zooming in at a particular dimension or level, may yield more actionable results • But may forget links to other factors, levels and dimensions • Complementarity between tools
  13. 13. Challenges and gaps • Utility of tools depends on institutional capacity to use them • Therefore need to be commensurate with that institutional capacity
  14. 14. Agenda
  15. 15. Key questions for discussion What are the design principles when developing sustainability tools – possible issues − Levels and dimensions of sustainability − Scoring and aggregating − Evidence that they work − Qualitative and quantitative: What is needed to make the tools contribute to sustainability? − Complementarity between tools − Contribution to sector change − Government leadership − Balance between diversity and standardization of tools
  16. 16. Enjoy the flow

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