Project Monitoring: A vicious cycle ofdonor accountability or a necessarystepping stone to better national WASHsector moni...
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium“You can’tmanage whatyou don’tmeasure”Monitoring really does matter ….
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumCountry-led systems progressing• Aid effectiveness principlesand com...
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumComprehensive country-ledsystems are the goalCommon monitoring toimp...
But many challenges remainGLAAS 2011; 74 responding countriesMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumIs ther...
Country-led monitoring remains weakMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• Under-funded – low resourceenvi...
Development aid project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• Defined life-span (< 5 years) -n...
Project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumOpportunities Challenges• Innovative• Flexible• (o...
The reality of project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• 1 region• 7 different fundingstre...
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumLending banks, bi-lateraldonors and large multi-laterals:• Operate a...
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumNot all project monitoring iscreated equalNGOs, foundations, chariti...
Accountability: the key driverWhy do we monitor?• To improve operationalperformance• To measure impact• To inform sector p...
Accountability: the key driverMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumFor whom do we monitor?• Consumers and...
Development partner dilemma:the vicious cycle of accountabilityMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
The virtuous cycle of country-ledmonitoring and accountabilityMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumDevelo...
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumProject monitoring: a force for good• Triple-S service delivery indi...
No easy answers, but somecritical questionsMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumHow can we align accounta...
But, project monitoring is notgoing to go away (soon)• How to incentivize donors to think (and fund)beyond the end of the ...
Sessions in the ‘project monitoringstream’Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumTuesday 9thAprilSession 1:...
Sessions in the ‘project monitoringstream’Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumWednesday 10thAprilSession...
Some warm up discussionsMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumTurn to your immediate neighbour(s):1. Do yo...
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Project monitoring: A vicious cycle of donor accountability or a necessary stepping stone to better national WASH sector monitoring?

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  • A reality happening all over the world Different scales and scenarios, but it exists and is about power, about funding flows and about accountability Result of aid dependency – aid and support for monitoring as manifested through lots of different projects This presentation is about framing the issues – it is not right or wrong, it is not saying ‘project monitoring’ bad – government monitoring good’ These issues will be discussed from different angles in the coming two days The ’red thread’ is an ultimate goal of national level, comprehensive frameworks; relevant and affordable for the context
  • It’s about measuring and improving performance and services
  • Project monitoring: A vicious cycle of donor accountability or a necessary stepping stone to better national WASH sector monitoring?

    1. 1. Project Monitoring: A vicious cycle ofdonor accountability or a necessarystepping stone to better national WASHsector monitoring?Harold LockwoodAguaconsult
    2. 2. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium“You can’tmanage whatyou don’tmeasure”Monitoring really does matter ….
    3. 3. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumCountry-led systems progressing• Aid effectiveness principlesand commitment (Paris +)• Country ownership andleadership• Emergence of SWAps – 11countries in Africa (AfDB, 2010)• DP alignment with countrysystems (moderate progress)
    4. 4. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumComprehensive country-ledsystems are the goalCommon monitoring toimprove performance• Historic trending• Benchmarking• Well informed decisions• Basis for sector learning• Consumerempowerment
    5. 5. But many challenges remainGLAAS 2011; 74 responding countriesMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumIs there a national monitoring systemused to inform decision making?No system in placeUnderdevelopmentSystem in placeandused42%16%42%
    6. 6. Country-led monitoring remains weakMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• Under-funded – low resourceenvironment• Challenges with decentralisationof responsibility for datacollection and management• Incompatibility between datasystems at local governmentlevel• Often low political priority
    7. 7. Development aid project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• Defined life-span (< 5 years) -not beyond ‘end of theproject’• Limited to ‘own projects’• Not aligned with nationalmonitoring frameworks orindicators (outside SWAp)• Data flows ‘upwards andoutwards’ to external DPs
    8. 8. Project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumOpportunities Challenges• Innovative• Flexible• (often) wellresourced• Quick cycles• Piloting• Short-term• Temporarystructures• Costly• Fragmented orduplicativeinitiatives71% of Europeanfundingchannelledthrough projectsand programmesEU Water Initiative, AfricaWorking Group, 2008
    9. 9. The reality of project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• 1 region• 7 different fundingstreams and monitoringrequirements• 1 national monitoringsystem• Local government –marginalised
    10. 10. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumLending banks, bi-lateraldonors and large multi-laterals:• Operate at scale• Influence over policy andsector processes• Can fund via SWAps orDirect Budgetary Support –but not all do soNot all project monitoring iscreated equal
    11. 11. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumNot all project monitoring iscreated equalNGOs, foundations, charitiesand faith organisations:• Operate at varying scale -decentralised level• Direct implementation andfield research• Advocacy and influence• Direct (localised) funding
    12. 12. Accountability: the key driverWhy do we monitor?• To improve operationalperformance• To measure impact• To inform sector policy• To show progress andresults• To see how funds areutilisedMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
    13. 13. Accountability: the key driverMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumFor whom do we monitor?• Consumers and operators• Government technocrats• Policy makers andpoliticians• Civil society groups• Project staff• Funders of aid projects
    14. 14. Development partner dilemma:the vicious cycle of accountabilityMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
    15. 15. The virtuous cycle of country-ledmonitoring and accountabilityMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumDevelopment aidsupports monitoring viaSWAps or other commonmechanisms
    16. 16. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumProject monitoring: a force for good• Triple-S service delivery indicators, Ghana• Piloted in 3 districts in 2010 - 12• Integrated with DiMES of CWSA• Now being scaled up to 64 districts!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!( !(!( !(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*!!!Legend! Salaga (District capital)Piped system functionality#* Functional#* Non functional#* Partially functionalPoint source functionality!( Functional!( Non functional!( Partially functional!( broken downWaterTripleSdistrictsEast Gonja District0 7 14 21 283.5Kilometers
    17. 17. No easy answers, but somecritical questionsMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumHow can we align accountability ofdonor-driven project monitoring withsupport for country-led monitoring?
    18. 18. But, project monitoring is notgoing to go away (soon)• How to incentivize donors to think (and fund)beyond the end of the project?• How to better scale up and integrate innovationand learning into national frameworks?• And, where there is no credible country-ledmonitoring framework, what do we do?Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
    19. 19. Sessions in the ‘project monitoringstream’Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumTuesday 9thAprilSession 1: ‘Setting the scene’ (14:00 – 15:30)• Government of Indonesia; experiences from WSP/WorldBank supported monitoring•AfDB strategy for M&E in AfricaSession 2: ‘Bi-lateral donors’ (16:00 – 17:30)• DGIS/Government of Netherlands; Sustainbility Check –experience from Mozambique• USAID/USA; Sustainbility Index Tool – pilot experiences
    20. 20. Sessions in the ‘project monitoringstream’Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumWednesday 10thAprilSession 3: ‘NGO innovation’ (11:00 - 12:30)•UTS/AusAID - multi-country/partner experiences•MWA – multi-partner experiences, Ethiopia•Water for People – local government perspective•WASH Advocates – schools perspectiveSession 4: ‘Joining hands with countries’ (14:00 - 15:30)Panel debate
    21. 21. Some warm up discussionsMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumTurn to your immediate neighbour(s):1. Do you recognize this tension betweenproject monitoring and country-ledmonitoring?2. How do you feel this can be best reconciledfrom a policy or practical perspective?Discuss for 10 minutes or so

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