A reality happening all over the world Different scales and scenarios, but it exists and is about power, about funding flows and about accountability Result of aid dependency – aid and support for monitoring as manifested through lots of different projects This presentation is about framing the issues – it is not right or wrong, it is not saying ‘project monitoring’ bad – government monitoring good’ These issues will be discussed from different angles in the coming two days The ’red thread’ is an ultimate goal of national level, comprehensive frameworks; relevant and affordable for the context
It’s about measuring and improving performance and services
Project monitoring: A vicious cycle of donor accountability or a necessary stepping stone to better national WASH sector monitoring?
Project Monitoring: A vicious cycle ofdonor accountability or a necessarystepping stone to better national WASHsector monitoring?Harold LockwoodAguaconsult
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium“You can’tmanage whatyou don’tmeasure”Monitoring really does matter ….
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumCountry-led systems progressing• Aid effectiveness principlesand commitment (Paris +)• Country ownership andleadership• Emergence of SWAps – 11countries in Africa (AfDB, 2010)• DP alignment with countrysystems (moderate progress)
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumComprehensive country-ledsystems are the goalCommon monitoring toimprove performance• Historic trending• Benchmarking• Well informed decisions• Basis for sector learning• Consumerempowerment
But many challenges remainGLAAS 2011; 74 responding countriesMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumIs there a national monitoring systemused to inform decision making?No system in placeUnderdevelopmentSystem in placeandused42%16%42%
Country-led monitoring remains weakMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• Under-funded – low resourceenvironment• Challenges with decentralisationof responsibility for datacollection and management• Incompatibility between datasystems at local governmentlevel• Often low political priority
Development aid project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• Defined life-span (< 5 years) -not beyond ‘end of theproject’• Limited to ‘own projects’• Not aligned with nationalmonitoring frameworks orindicators (outside SWAp)• Data flows ‘upwards andoutwards’ to external DPs
Project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumOpportunities Challenges• Innovative• Flexible• (often) wellresourced• Quick cycles• Piloting• Short-term• Temporarystructures• Costly• Fragmented orduplicativeinitiatives71% of Europeanfundingchannelledthrough projectsand programmesEU Water Initiative, AfricaWorking Group, 2008
The reality of project monitoringMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium• 1 region• 7 different fundingstreams and monitoringrequirements• 1 national monitoringsystem• Local government –marginalised
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumLending banks, bi-lateraldonors and large multi-laterals:• Operate at scale• Influence over policy andsector processes• Can fund via SWAps orDirect Budgetary Support –but not all do soNot all project monitoring iscreated equal
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumNot all project monitoring iscreated equalNGOs, foundations, charitiesand faith organisations:• Operate at varying scale -decentralised level• Direct implementation andfield research• Advocacy and influence• Direct (localised) funding
Accountability: the key driverWhy do we monitor?• To improve operationalperformance• To measure impact• To inform sector policy• To show progress andresults• To see how funds areutilisedMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
Accountability: the key driverMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumFor whom do we monitor?• Consumers and operators• Government technocrats• Policy makers andpoliticians• Civil society groups• Project staff• Funders of aid projects
Development partner dilemma:the vicious cycle of accountabilityMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
The virtuous cycle of country-ledmonitoring and accountabilityMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumDevelopment aidsupports monitoring viaSWAps or other commonmechanisms
Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumProject monitoring: a force for good• Triple-S service delivery indicators, Ghana• Piloted in 3 districts in 2010 - 12• Integrated with DiMES of CWSA• Now being scaled up to 64 districts!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!( !(!( !(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*!!!Legend! Salaga (District capital)Piped system functionality#* Functional#* Non functional#* Partially functionalPoint source functionality!( Functional!( Non functional!( Partially functional!( broken downWaterTripleSdistrictsEast Gonja District0 7 14 21 283.5Kilometers
No easy answers, but somecritical questionsMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumHow can we align accountability ofdonor-driven project monitoring withsupport for country-led monitoring?
But, project monitoring is notgoing to go away (soon)• How to incentivize donors to think (and fund)beyond the end of the project?• How to better scale up and integrate innovationand learning into national frameworks?• And, where there is no credible country-ledmonitoring framework, what do we do?Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
Sessions in the ‘project monitoringstream’Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumTuesday 9thAprilSession 1: ‘Setting the scene’ (14:00 – 15:30)• Government of Indonesia; experiences from WSP/WorldBank supported monitoring•AfDB strategy for M&E in AfricaSession 2: ‘Bi-lateral donors’ (16:00 – 17:30)• DGIS/Government of Netherlands; Sustainbility Check –experience from Mozambique• USAID/USA; Sustainbility Index Tool – pilot experiences
Sessions in the ‘project monitoringstream’Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumWednesday 10thAprilSession 3: ‘NGO innovation’ (11:00 - 12:30)•UTS/AusAID - multi-country/partner experiences•MWA – multi-partner experiences, Ethiopia•Water for People – local government perspective•WASH Advocates – schools perspectiveSession 4: ‘Joining hands with countries’ (14:00 - 15:30)Panel debate
Some warm up discussionsMonitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery SymposiumTurn to your immediate neighbour(s):1. Do you recognize this tension betweenproject monitoring and country-ledmonitoring?2. How do you feel this can be best reconciledfrom a policy or practical perspective?Discuss for 10 minutes or so