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Automated systems

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By Nicolas Dickinson, Senior Programme Officer / ICT for WASH, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. Prepared for the Monitoring sustainable WASH service delivery symposium, 9-11 April 2013, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Automated systems

  1. 1. Automated systemsNicolas DickinsonSenior Programme Officer / ICT for WASHIRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
  2. 2. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automation Use of control systems and information technologies to reduce the need for human work in the production of goods and services. Term coined by in 1946 by a Ford Motor Co. engineer Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  3. 3. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  4. 4. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Thomson, et al., 2012 in WaterLines
  5. 5. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson
  6. 6. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Fuel, allowance, time What if you could avoid this? Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  7. 7. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automate monitoring? New  New  Use and corrective- Use and corrective- information  information  action based on action based on needs needs evidence evidence   Learning and  Indicators   improved  understanding http://www.waterservicesthatlast.org/monitoring Monitoring ICT Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  8. 8. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automate monitoring? New  New  Use and corrective- Use and corrective- information  information  action based on action based on needs needs evidence evidence   Learning and  Indicators   Collection Collection improved  understanding Monitoring ICT Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  9. 9. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automate monitoring? New  New  Use and corrective- Use and corrective- information  information  action based on action based on needs needs evidence evidence   Transfer & Transfer & communication communication Learning and  Indicators   Collection Collection improved  understanding Monitoring ICT Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  10. 10. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  11. 11. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Type of Digital Integrated Software Implications data sensors & devices for data collection loggers Automated Flow & Smart Often custom Quantity & quality data pressure Handpumps MIS software for can be collection sensors, and devices automated data configured & satellite on water management & frequency & imagery to supplies with visualisation, e.g. validity depends track changes integrated SweetData if the device is in bodies of sensors connected and water operational. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  12. 12. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automate monitoring? New New Use and corrective- Use and corrective- information information action based on action based on needs needs evidence evidence Transfer & Transfer & communication communication Learning and Indicators Collection Collection improved Data understanding Data management management Monitoring ICT Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  13. 13. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automate monitoring? New New Use and corrective- Use and corrective- information information action based on action based on needs needs evidence evidence Transfer & Transfer & communication communication Learning and Analysis & Analysis & Indicators Collection Collection improved reporting reporting Data understanding Data management management Monitoring ICT Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  14. 14. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Automate monitoring? New New Use and corrective- Use and corrective- information information action based on action based on needs needs evidence evidence Transfer & Transfer & communication communication Learning and Analysis & Analysis & Indicators Collection Collection improved reporting reporting Data understanding Data management management Monitoring ICT Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  15. 15. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  16. 16. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  17. 17. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Vision for automation • What is your vision for the future of automated systems? • Where is the sweet spot for automation in water and sanitation sector monitoring? – Data collection? Transmission? Alerts/standard report generation? Analytics? Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  18. 18. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Cost of automation What are the life-cycle costs? •Developing and building automated system •Operations •Replacement after malfunction •Training, technical support, etc. Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  19. 19. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Capacity Capacity •Who can develop the system? •Who has the technical expertise to maintain it? Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium
  20. 20. Automated systems, Nicolas Dickinson Governance and learning Governance and learning •Is the data trusted? •Are analytic results accepted? Are they useful? •How can automation support (or stifle) learning? •Losing or creating jobs? Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium

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