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Evaluation for Assistive Technology


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How to evaluate technology needs in your classroom. Traverse City, 23 June 2009

Published in: Education, Technology
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Evaluation for Assistive Technology

  1. 1. technology evaluation in the classroom
  2. 2. What is technology?
  3. 3. technology plural technologies ) (1) the study of or a collection of techniques. (2) a particular technological concept (3) the body of tools and other implements produced by a given society. wiktionary
  4. 4. Technology is a word that is made of two greek words. Techne and Logos. Techne is the Greek word for Art. Logos is the Greek word for "reasonable language" or "reasoning about". Therefore a direct translation might be "the reasonable language of art" or "reasoning about art"
  5. 5. reasoning about art
  6. 6. So this is not confusing we might substitute the word "technique" for art. For example, a technique which is an "art form" even though it is quite technical in nature. The resulting literal definition might then be "reasoning about techniques." Technology is therefore "thinking about the best way to do things" Eric ( on wiktionary discussion
  7. 7. thinking about the best way to do things
  8. 8. Etymology of these both words is more complicated than that. Techne (also spelled tekhne) means art as in skill or craft (if we want to see a difference between art and skill). Logos means "language", "reason", "reasoning", or even "world". Also, technology isn't just "thinking", it is also constructing and manipulating the world.
  9. 9. Martin Heidegger saw technology as a mode of thinking where everything that is, is seen from the perspective of manipulation. He said this is the prevailing mode of thinking today. Nikke on wiktionary discussion
  10. 11. The enframing is not machines and it is not techno-logical, it is rather the true essence of technology. The enframing is the gathering that reveals the being of man, in this technological age, as the being who orders the entities of the world as standing reserve. It is what reveals the being of man as orderer, and in turn reveals the other entities of the world as ordered. Enframing is the mode of revealing that holds sway, that is to say it is the mode that is chief and unassailable in the essence of modern technology. James Michael Taylor - The Question Concerning Heidegger: Technology and Being, a Deeper Understanding http://
  11. 12. Martin Heidegger saw technology as a mode of thinking where everything that is, is seen from the perspective of manipulation. He said this is the prevailing mode of thinking today. Nikke on wiktionary discussion
  12. 13. everything is seen from the perspective of manipulation
  13. 14. What technologies are in use in this room?
  14. 16. Which technologies enable? Which technologies disable?
  15. 17. for who? (whom?)
  16. 18. in which situations?
  17. 19. evaluating
  18. 20. How do we analyze the gap between a student’s present technique…
  19. 21. … and the “best way” to manipulate the world to accomplish a task?
  20. 22. Stop thinking through the “deficit model”
  21. 23. Start thinking “strengths and issues”
  22. 24. pre-made Start Point
  23. 25. and circular thinking What is actually happening?
  24. 26. Information Gathering
  25. 27. Look across all activities What is working? What is not? What are the best times? What are the worst? Best places? Worst places?
  26. 28. Look across all activities Best times? Worst times? Best medium? Worst medium? Most engaging? Least engaging?
  27. 29. Remember, “technology” is everything… the room, the building, the chairs, the desks, the schedule, the books…
  28. 30. WATI “plus”
  29. 31. plus? times of day kinds of light reaction to sounds skin sensitivity personal space need for movement…
  30. 32. So, you are looking for every situation where the tool and the student are a bad match.
  31. 33. But you are also looking for what tools are effective
  32. 34. Always looking to find strengths which might help leap over problems – with the right tool.
  33. 35. Reading
  34. 36. Look for knowledge of alphabet symbol recognition sight-word recognition phonological awareness phonemic awareness
  35. 37. A a a A a a A 
  36. 38. drink drill full fall twist twirl
  37. 39. Add or subtract sounds of first or last letter of word? cat – c = ? at + h = ?
  38. 40. Break words into sounds?
  39. 41. Tools index card text-to-speech (free) text-to-speech (paid) audiobooks altered type
  40. 42. Writing
  41. 43. Look for physical capabilities (pen/mouse/keypad/voice) code capabilities (alphabet/QWERTY) word knowledge
  42. 44. Look for sentence construction paragraph construction ability to tell a story understanding write/speak divide
  43. 45. Keyboarding speed Keyboarding dexterity Handwriting efficiency Handwriting legibility
  44. 46. Ability to find letters on keyboard Ability to remember how to form letters
  45. 47. What keyboard/keypad is best?
  46. 48. What is vocabulary Ability to speak in complete sentences
  47. 49. Ability to tell coherent stories Ability to read own writing
  48. 50. Tools Alternative keyboards keypads (real/virtual) Speech Recognition Twitter or TodaysMeet Audio/Video
  49. 51. Tools VoiceThread Inspiration/Webspiration Text-to-speech for editing Online Audiences
  50. 52. Attention
  51. 53. Look for what holds attention what most distracts return to task/not physical location physical position
  52. 54. Look for audio environment lighting environment place in room pre-class environment tools at hand
  53. 55. Attention is not “gaze” - which is the standard definition in schools
  54. 56. Attention is not single focus - multitasking is a basic human skill
  55. 57. Attention is closely connected to comfort
  56. 58. Attention is based in interest and relevance “duh”
  57. 59. Attention is developmentally different for children raised with different technologies
  58. 60. Tools Easing pre-task environment Creating comfort Creating Relevance Interest-based curriculum “Acceptable fidgits”
  59. 61. Tools Seating/Standing Clothing Tools – Computers - Tablets - Mobiles Escapes
  60. 62. [email_address]