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The method requires
                                                      students to translate whole
                              It    was      called
                                                        texts word by word and
                              Classical    Method
 The grammar translation                                  memorize numerous
                              since it was first
    method is a foreign                                  grammatical rules and
                              used in the teaching
language teaching method                                  exceptions as well as
                              of the classical
 derived from the classical                           enormous vocabulary lists
                              languages.
method of teaching Greek
        and Latin.
1. The teacher ´s
                                        role is to be the
                                        authority in the
                                        classroom. The
 2. Most of the                         student´s role is
 interaction in                          to do what the
the classroom is                          teacher says.
    from the
 teacher to the
    students.




           3. Literary language is
           considered superior to
          spoken language and is
          therefore the language
               students study.
4. There is            5. The language
           much less               that is used in
        attention given          class is mostly the
       to speaking and            students´ native
           listening.                language.




6. Written tests in
  which students
 have to translate          7. If students
 from their native         make errors or
  language to the          don`t know an
target language or          answer, the
    vice versa.           teacher supplies
                           them with the
                          correct answer.
EXPERIENCE
“The Boy´s Ambition”
Each student is called on to read a few lines from the passage.
After they have finished reading, they are asked to translate
into Spanish the few lines they have just read. The teacher
helps him with new vocabulary items. When the students have
finished reading and translating the passage, the teacher asks
them in Spanish if they have any questions. They asked about
the meaning of some words and the teacher translate into
Spanish.
In the next activity students have to answer some
comprehension questions, after some minutes students read
the question and answers in the next activity the teacher gives
the students some words from the passage and the students
have to give the Spanish meaning, in the last activity the
teacher gives two-word verbs that the students haven´t
learned yet and are in the passage, the students have to
translate into Spanish, then they are given the rule for use of a
direct object with two-word verbs.
GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHODS
                  GOALS




  • Be able to read literature written in the target
                       language.

• Teach grammar rules and vocabulary of the target
                    language.
CHARACTERISTICS
TECHNIQUES
• Translate of a Literary Passage: From the target language into their
  native language.
• Reading Comprehension Questions: Students answer questions in the
  target language based on their understanding of the reading passage.
• Antonyms/synonyms: Students are given one set of words and are asked
  to find antonyms in the reading passage as well as synonyms for a particular
  set of words.
• Cognates: Students are taught to recognize cognates by learning the
  spelling or sound patters that correspond between the languages.
• Deductive Application of Rule: Grammar rules are presented with
  examples.
• Fill-in-the-blanks: Students are given a series of sentences with words
  missing.
• Memorization: Students are given lists of target language vocabulary
  words and their native language equivalents and are asked to memorize
  them.
• Use Words in Sentences: Students make new sentences in which they
  use the new words.
• Composition: The teacher gives the students a topic to write about it in the
  target language. Sometimes, instead of creating a composition, students are
  asked to prepare a presentation of the reading passage.
Grammar translation method correcta

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Grammar translation method correcta

  • 1.
  • 2. The method requires students to translate whole It was called texts word by word and Classical Method The grammar translation memorize numerous since it was first method is a foreign grammatical rules and used in the teaching language teaching method exceptions as well as of the classical derived from the classical enormous vocabulary lists languages. method of teaching Greek and Latin.
  • 3. 1. The teacher ´s role is to be the authority in the classroom. The 2. Most of the student´s role is interaction in to do what the the classroom is teacher says. from the teacher to the students. 3. Literary language is considered superior to spoken language and is therefore the language students study.
  • 4. 4. There is 5. The language much less that is used in attention given class is mostly the to speaking and students´ native listening. language. 6. Written tests in which students have to translate 7. If students from their native make errors or language to the don`t know an target language or answer, the vice versa. teacher supplies them with the correct answer.
  • 5.
  • 6. EXPERIENCE “The Boy´s Ambition” Each student is called on to read a few lines from the passage. After they have finished reading, they are asked to translate into Spanish the few lines they have just read. The teacher helps him with new vocabulary items. When the students have finished reading and translating the passage, the teacher asks them in Spanish if they have any questions. They asked about the meaning of some words and the teacher translate into Spanish. In the next activity students have to answer some comprehension questions, after some minutes students read the question and answers in the next activity the teacher gives the students some words from the passage and the students have to give the Spanish meaning, in the last activity the teacher gives two-word verbs that the students haven´t learned yet and are in the passage, the students have to translate into Spanish, then they are given the rule for use of a direct object with two-word verbs.
  • 7. GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHODS GOALS • Be able to read literature written in the target language. • Teach grammar rules and vocabulary of the target language.
  • 9. TECHNIQUES • Translate of a Literary Passage: From the target language into their native language. • Reading Comprehension Questions: Students answer questions in the target language based on their understanding of the reading passage. • Antonyms/synonyms: Students are given one set of words and are asked to find antonyms in the reading passage as well as synonyms for a particular set of words. • Cognates: Students are taught to recognize cognates by learning the spelling or sound patters that correspond between the languages. • Deductive Application of Rule: Grammar rules are presented with examples. • Fill-in-the-blanks: Students are given a series of sentences with words missing. • Memorization: Students are given lists of target language vocabulary words and their native language equivalents and are asked to memorize them. • Use Words in Sentences: Students make new sentences in which they use the new words. • Composition: The teacher gives the students a topic to write about it in the target language. Sometimes, instead of creating a composition, students are asked to prepare a presentation of the reading passage.