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Reyes Syndrome Ppt


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Reyes Syndrome Ppt

  1. 1. Reye’s Syndrome By Group 4
  2. 2. What is it? • Reye syndrome is an extremely rare but serious illness that can affect the brain and liver. It occurs most commonly in kids recovering from a viral infection. • Who? • Reye syndrome predominantly affects kids between 4 and 14 years old, and occurs most frequently when viral diseases are epidemic, such as during the winter months or following an outbreak of chickenpox or influenza B.
  3. 3. Diagnostics • Reye syndrome is diagnosed based on a medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests. The only way to be considered for these tests are if: • The child has recently had a viral flu and took aspirin • A change in mental state (confusion) or liver problems arise. The Diagnostic tests are the following: • Blood work and urinalysis • CT Scan • Spinal Tap • Liver biopsy
  4. 4. Prevalence • Peak incidence age 6 years • Most children range from 4–12 years of age. • Peak incidence of 555 cases in children in the US in 1980 • From 1994–1997, there were no more than 2 cases of Reye syndrome annually. • Overall mortality of 31% • Reye syndrome rarely occurs in newborns or in children older than 18 years.
  5. 5. Treatment • Treatment is designed to stop brain and liver damage and prevent complications. • Hospitalization is the only treatment. It may include: *Blood stream flushed out with IV fluids for a few days *Vital signs monitored closely (blood pressure, temp. and pulse) *A catheter placed in the bladder; liver being monitored *Many blood samples taken *Child will be given medicine to reduce brain swelling
  6. 6. Accommodations and Modifications • Important to monitor students. • DO NOT administer any kind of drugs. • Accommodate for missed days due to hospital visits. • Extra time to practice, I.e. Private Lessons. • Print out awareness and detection fact sheets.
  7. 7. The End Thank You