• Exogenous transformation
– Usually inorganic
– Direct, fast & powerful
– Leading factors are external;
• When change is sought by the competent authority.
– Less efficient
– Consume more resources
• Endogenous transformation;
– Usually organic
– Incremental & complicated
– Leading factors are internal;
• Change in demographic profile
• Community structure
– Fractal morphology
– Consume less resources
Housing Types (Metropolitan Design Center 2005)
Source: Report on ‘Evaluating Transportation Land Use Impacts’, by Victoria Transport Policy Institute.
Transformations may lead to;
• Change in social identity….may be gentrification!
• Change in cultural identity.
• Change in physical identity.
• Thrust variations for external forces.
• Change in economic profile….affecting state’s economy.
A newly constructed Pruitt Igoe and its soon to be gone surroundings.
Induction for Urban Morphological Transformation
(according to L. Benevolo)
Urban Morphological Transformation from the Cathedral to Industrial
Change in IDENTITY