Bilal Rasool Chaudhary
Hassan Rehman Chaudhary
Muhammad Naeem Ghauri
Layon Ivan Patrick Lobo
Why is it important to know about organization culture?
What is organizational culture?
Kinds of organizational culture.
Different role of Manager’s in different organizational cultures.
How Cultures effect Managers?
What is Organizational environment?
How Environment’s influence managers?
“The conventional definition of management is
getting work done through people, but real
management is developing people through work”
Agha Hasan Abedi
Founder Bank of Credit and Commerce International Luxembourg
Why is it Important to know about organization
Vision and Mission are the benchmark for any organization’s
To learn how different tasks are performed in an organization.
Ways of working
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cognitive framework of
is that they are shared by organizational
Organizational Culture Provides
A sense of identity for group members
Commitment to the mission of the organization
Clarifies and reinforces standards of behavior
Culture usually takes 5-10 years to develop
How is organizational culture
Symbols (buildings, lobby, decorations, etc.)
Stories that get passed on
Ceremonies (holiday parties, awards)
Statements of principles
How do they create this culture?
Values = people, play and profit
They have a playroom as a corner office
Polaroid pictures and graffiti on the walls
Drumming to announce meetings
Use magazines to generate ideas
Bring toys to work
Is organizational culture important..?
Research shows there is not one best culture,
but it is important to have a strong culture
A culture that supports affiliation among coworkers, flexibility, and encourages supervisor
support has been linked to positive outcomes
Important to have a fit between the person and
the org culture (increases satisfaction and
What does organization culture..?
Helps to distinguish an org from other orgs and its general
environment by providing it with an external identity
Sense of commitment to social entity greater than one’s self
Is a source of high reliability in organizations
Provides members with interpretive scheme or way to make sense
of positions and activities
Culture is a social control mechanism
“There is less to fear from outside ompetition
than from inside inefficiency, discourtesy and
What is organizational culture.?
“Shared values, principles, traditions & ways of doing
things that influence the way organizational members
“Stephen P.Robbins & Mary Coulter”
“Culture is the soul of the organization- the beliefs
and values , and how they are manifested. I think of
the structure as the skeleton, and as the flesh and
blood. And culture is the soul that holds the thing
together and gives it life force.”
The Organization's Culture
Culture is perception
Individuals perceive the organizational culture on the
basis of what they see, hear or experience within org.
Culture is shared
People with different social, organizational &
educational background, they describe
organizational culture in similar terms.
Culture is descriptive
How members perceive the
Organization. Not with whether they
Strong Versus Weak Cultures
Factors Influencing the Strength of Culture
Are cultures in which key values are deeply held and widely held.
Have a strong influence on organizational members.
Size of the organization
Age of the organization
Rate of the employee turnover
Strength of cultural values and beliefs
Benefit of a strong culture
Creates a stronger employee commitment to the organization.
Aids in the recruitment and socialization of new employees.
Fosters higher organizational performance by instilling and promoting employee
“Coming together is a beginning. Keeping
together is progress. Working together is
The Manager’s Role
View of Management
Managers are directly responsible for an organization’s
success of failure
The quality of the organization is determined by the quality
of its Managers.
Managers are held most accountable for an organization’s
performance directly due to their influence on the
Manager’s Role Continued…
View Of Management
Managers are not directly responsible
for an organization’s success or
Organizational success or failure is due to external
forces outside the managers control (e.g. Natural
Disasters, Earthquake etc)
The symbolic view is based on the belief that
managers symbolize control and influence business.
Managers play a minimal part in success or failure of
Sources Of Organizational Culture
The organization’s founder
Past practices of the organization
Vision and mission
The way things have been done
The behavior of top management
Continuation of the Organizational Culture
Recruitment of like-minded employees who “fit”
Socialization of new employees to help them adapt
to the culture
How an Organization’s Culture is Established
How Employees Learn Culture?
Narratives of significant events or actions of people that convey the spirit of the
Physical assets distinguishing the organization
Acronyms and jargon of terms, phrases and word meanings specific to an
How Culture Affects Managers?
Cultural Constraints on Managers
Whatever managerial actions the organization
recognizes as proper or improper on its behalf
Whatever organizational activities the organization
values and encourages
The overall strength of weakness of the organizational
Simple rule for getting ahead in an organization:
Find out what the organization rewards and do those things.
Managerial Decisions Affected by Character
Whether plans should be developed by individuals or teams
The degree of risk that plans should contain
The degree of environmental scanning in which management will engage
How much autonomy should be designed into employee’s jobs
Whether tasks should be done by individuals or in teams
The degree to which department managers interact with each other
What leadership styles are appropriate
The degree to which managers are concerned with increasing employee
Whether all disagreements-even constructive ones-should be eliminated
Whether to impose external controls or to allow employees to control
their own actions
What criteria should be emphasized in employee performance evaluations
What repercussions will occur from exceeding one’s budget
Suggestions for Managers:
Creating a More Ethical Culture
Be a visible role model
Communicate ethical expectations
Provide ethics training
Visibly reward ethical acts and punish unethical
Provide protective mechanisms so employees can
discuss ethical dilemmas and report unethical
behavior without fear
Organization Culture Issues
Creating an Ethical Culture
in risk tolerance
Low to moderate aggressiveness
Focus on means as well as
Creating an Innovative Culture
Creating a Customer-Responsive Culture
Hiring the right type of employees (ones with a strong
interest in serving customers)
Having few rigid rules, procedures and regulations
Using widespread empowerment of employees
Having good listening skill in relating to customers
Providing role clarity to employees to reduce ambiguity
and conflict and increase job satisfaction
Having conscientious caring employees willing to take
Spirituality and Organizational Culture
The recognition that people have an inner life that nourishes
and is nourished by meaningful work that takes place in the
context of community.
Characteristics of a Spiritual Organization
Strong sense of purpose
Focus on individual development
Trust and openness
Toleration of employees expression
Defining the External
The forces and institutions outside the organization that potentially
can affect the organization’s performance.
Components of the External Environment
Specific environment: External forces that have a direct and
immediate impact on the organization.
General Environment: Broad economic ,socio-cultural,
political/legal, demographic, technological and global conditions
that may affect the organization.
Define the External Environment
outside institution or forces that potentially affect an organization’s performance.
Political / Legal
Any constituencies in the organization's external
environment that are affected by the organization’s
decisions and actions.
Why Manage Stakeholder Relationships?
It can lead to improved organizational performance
It’s the “right” thing to do given the interdependence
of the organization and its external stakeholders.
The Global Marketplace
Opportunities and Challenges
Acknowledging cultural, political, and economic
Coping with the sudden appearance of new competitors
Dealing with increased uncertainty, fear, and anxiety
Adapting to changes in the global environment
What’s Your Global Perspective?
Is viewing the world solely through its own eyes and perspectives.
Is not recognizing that others have different ways of living and working.
Is a significant obstacle for managers working in a global business world.
Is falling into the trap of ignoring others’ values and customs and rigidly
applying an attitude of “ours is better than theirs” to foreign cultures.
Adopting a Global Perspective
The parochialistic belief that the best work approaches and
practices are those of the home country.
The view that the managers in the host country know the best
work approaches and practices for running their business.
A world-oriented view that focuses on using the best
approaches and people from around the globe.
Different Types of International
Multinational Corporation (MNC)
Maintains operations in multiple countries.
Is an MNC that decentralizes management and other decisions to the
Is an MNC that centralizes its management and other decisions in the
Different Types of International
Transnational Corporation (Borderless Organization)
Is an MNC that has eliminated structural divisions that
impose artificial geographic barriers and is organized along
business lines that reflect a geocentric attitude.
Born Globals/International New Ventures (INVs)
Commit resources upfront (material, people, financing) to
doing business in more than one country.
Other Forms of Globalization
Partnerships between and organization and a foreign company in
which both share resources and knowledge in developing new
products or building new production facilities.
A specific type of strategic alliance in which the partners agree to
form a separate, independent organization for some business
Directly investing in a foreign country by setting up a separate and
independent production facility or office.
Companies combining resources and management to eliminate
competition and increase profitability.
The Cultural Environment
Is the values and attitudes shared by individuals
from a specific country that shape their behavior
and their beliefs about what is important.
May have more influence on an organization than
the organization culture.
Global Management in Today’s
Significant cultural differences (e.g., Americanization)
Openness associated with globalization
Adjusting leadership styles and management approaches
Loss of investments in unstable countries
The Strategy That Wouldn’t Travel
Micheal C. Beers
(Harvard Business Review)
Questions for Case Study
Why was the strategy successful at the Wichita
plant and why it was a failure at Lubbock?
If you were in place of Karen Jimenez, what would
you do to make Lubbock also like Wichita?
If the strategy was successful at Wichita, was it
because of a person, teamwork or policies /
Discuss what skills were present in Wichita and
what was missing in Lubbock.
Robbins and Coulter, Business, 9th edition, 2007
Richard L. Daft, Management, 8th edition, 2007
John R. Schermerhorn. JR., Management, 9th edition, 2007
“Corporations are social institutions. If they
don't serve society, they have no business
Henry Mintzberg, Management Expert
Now lets Watch a brief Conclusion!