André-Ouvrard-Dash 5Effective Water ManagementLocalParticipation& CritiquesPrivateFunding &ExpertisePublicManagement
ContentsAndré-Ouvrard-Dash 6Water &SanitationIssuesDifferentApproaches• EU position• International Aidagencies andWWF• InternationalWater InstitutionsDiscussions
Water and sanitation issues – Global tendency– More efficient management of water demand– Participation of private sector companies– Decentralized governance
The European Union positionLarge variety of experiences of public and private watermanagementWater « an indispensable resource for the economy » « stronger role for the private water supply and sanitation » European Water InitiativeEU member states moving away from PPP
International Aid AgenciesAndré-Ouvrard-Dash 9SustainingWater as aHuman RightInterveningGovernancethroughPrivatization
André-Ouvrard-Dash 10• How good is the implementation of plans..• Is it financing Water Crisis ???• Case Study by Navdanya on water privatizationprojects in Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh &RajasthanSome for allAll for someWater DemocracyWater AparatheidWater for lifeWater for ProfitParadigm Shift• Funding loans as conditionality for privatisation.• Non sustainable use of Water• Reduction of access to public utilities to a privileged access to industry and 24x7 supply forrich urban areas.• Diversion of ground water from rural areas to urban areas,• Forcing governments to increase water tariffs, and to commodify water.• Failures-Sonia Vihar plant in Delhi, Veeranam project in Tamil Nadu.Failure in bringing Water to PeopleSuccess in guaranteeing contracts & Profits to SUEZ, VIVENDI, BECHTEL.
World Water Forum• International meet by World Water Council,an International Think tank on Water ResourceManagement.• Founded by CEO of Veolia, Members includeIFIs, World Institutions and Major Players inWater Business• Advocates symbiotic connections for asustainable water management and dealingWater CrisisAndré-Ouvrard-Dash 11
André-Ouvrard-Dash 12• 5th WWF, Istanbul• Istanbul WaterConsensus• Turkish Governmentventure of waterprivatization (~ 90Billion $)World Water Forums
Alternative World Water Forum• Motto -“Water for Life, Not for Profit”• Internationalisation of water battles;empowering local stakeholders• Opposition against the capitalisticglobalization of water and sanitation services• Helps in bringing international solidarity tolocal struggles and impacting global policyAndré-Ouvrard-Dash 13
Issues• TURKEY Farmers’ fight forcontrol over local water resources inan international perspective• AFRICA Landgrabbing and thecontrol over water• Arid Regions WaterStrewardship• EU European Water policy,corporate interests and the right towaterAndré-Ouvrard-Dash 14Results• ITALYimplementation of National Water RightsNetwork• AFRICA implementation of Continental NetworksWater Rights• Latin America, Africa, Europe,notably Francesubstantial decline in Waterprivatization• bring international vigilante to the water privatization inIndonesia.• A law banning privatization has been alreadyimplemented inNetherlands.• It has also advocated for Access to Water as aFundamental Human Right which was subsequentlydeclared by UNon 29th July, 2010.
INTERNATIONAL WATERINSTITUTIONS• SIWI, UNESCO, UN,Food&WaterWatch• No direct statements onprivatization Why?
• UN General Assembly 2010Access to water and sanitation as a human right• UNESCO:– Fragmentation of communities and households• Food&Water Watch– Privatization as a barrier to human right– the adverse effects– Increase in water prizes poor people loose their accessto water and sanitation– Cost savings• UN-Habitat– Contextual problems privatization does often notprovide a solution where public water utility fails
Discussion• Contrasting opinion (Thirst)• Why do we ask the question whether weprivatize or not?• Privatization on the run around the world– Efficiacy, impacts and implications• The golden way• PuP and PPP