Introduction Mustalah Al Hadeeth


Published on

Easy to understand. Very Good book.

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Introduction Mustalah Al Hadeeth

  1. 1. Introduction to Hadeeth Based on the books: 1) Mustalaahaat Hadeeth by Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen, 2) Hujjiyat Hadees by Shaikh ul Hadeeth Abu Ahmad Haafiz Abdus Sattaar and 3) The Speech “Fitna Inkar Hadeeth” by Shaikh Ibraaheem Bhatti Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds [Surah Muhammad 47, Ayat 33]
  2. 2. Contents: <ul><li>Please click on any of the following </li></ul><ul><li>sub-headings or browse normally </li></ul><ul><li>Hadeeth in the Light of Quran </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Hadeeth in Islamic Shariah </li></ul><ul><li>(Definition, Collection and example) </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and Conditions for acceptance of Narrations </li></ul><ul><li>The Books of Hadeeth </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hadeeth in the light of Quran (Only a few proofs) <ul><li>1) He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a </li></ul><ul><li>Messenger from among themselves, reciting to them </li></ul><ul><li>His Ayat, purifying them, and teaching them the Book </li></ul><ul><li>and the Hikmah. And verily, they had been before in </li></ul><ul><li>manifest error. [Surah Jum’aa, Ayat 2] </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: Allah sent Quran and the Hikmah. Hikmah is the </li></ul><ul><li>Sunnah. Similar Ayat is in Surah Aal-Imran, Ayat 164] </li></ul>2) And remember, that which is recited in your houses of the Ayat of Allah and Al-Hikmah. [Surah Ahzaab(33), Ayat 34] 3) And when Allah took the covenant of the Prophets, saying: &quot;Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah, and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him [Surah Aal-Imran(3), Ayat 81] 4) And We have also revealed the Dhikr to you so that you may clearly explain to men what was revealed to them [Surah Nahl(64), Ayat 16] Meaning: The prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) explains the Ayaat revealed, explain in detail what has been mentioned in brief, and explain what is not clear.
  4. 4. Hadeeth in the light of Quran (Only a few proofs) <ul><li>4) Nor does he speak of desire, It is only a revelation revealed </li></ul><ul><li>[Surah An-Najm, Ayat 3] </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wasallam </li></ul><ul><li>did not speak anything of his desire, but speaks </li></ul><ul><li>whatever Allah revealed to him by Wahee </li></ul>5) And if he had forged a false saying concerning Us, We surely would have seized him by his right hand, And then We certainly would have cut off Al- Wateen(the vein attached to the heart) from him, And none of you could have prevented it from him. And verily, this is a Reminder for those who have Taqwa [Surah Al-Haaqqa(69), Ayaat 44-48] 6) Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow [Surah Ahzaab(33), Ayat 21] 7 ) But no, by your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them [Surah Nisa(4), Ayat 65] Allah Ta’ala does not order something which cannot be possible. Hadeeth is the only way we can make prophet(sas) a judge in our disputes.
  5. 5. The Definition of Hadeeth <ul><li>Allah has sent Prophet Muhammad(Sallaahu alaihi wa sallam) with the guidance and religion of truth that it may prevail over all falsehood. </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore he has been commanded to present all the religion of Islam to mankind. </li></ul><ul><li>So, Allah Subhanu wa ta’ala revealed to him the Book(the Quran) and the Wisdom (Hikmah/Sunnah) and commanded him to explain the people what has been sent down to them, in order for them to ponder over, act upon and benefit from. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, Quran and Sunnah are the two sources by which Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has provided and established the Hujjah(proof) against His slaves and upon these 2 sources is built the ruling of belief and action. [i.e., what beliefs and actions consititue the Shariah(Divine Law)] </li></ul><ul><li>The Quran is the Speech of Allah. The words of Quran are set in text and meaning exactly the way Allah revealed onto the heart of the Messenger of Allah(sallallaahualaihi wa sallam) i.e., it is connected to Allah in both text and meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hadeeth of Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) is related to the prophet(sallaahu alaihi wa sallam) in text and meaning. Except Hadees E Qudsee which is related in Meaning to Allah but in text to Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Definition of Hadeeth <ul><li>TYPES OF NARRATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST DIVISION: Based on whom the narrations are related to. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrations are divided into 4 types. They are HADEETH, KHABAR, ASAR AND HADEETH QUDSEE. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) HADEETH: This is the narration which is directly related to the prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) concerning his actions, sayings, tacit approvals, descriptions and manners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) KHABAR: The Khabar narrations are same as HADEETH but they can be related to the prophet(Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) or others. Therefore, the Khabar narrations are more general than the Hadeeth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3) AL-ATHAR: This is the narration connected to the Sahabah(Radhi Allahu Anhum), the Taba’een and the at’ba taba’een </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4) AL-HADEETH QUDSEE: This is the narration reported by the Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) on the authority of Allah i.e., the words are of the prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) but the meaning is from Allah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Hadeeth al Qudsee, although the meaning is from Allah cannot be recited in the prayer because the words are from the prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Definition of Hadeeth A transmission from the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) relating a saying , action , approval or quality (description).
  8. 8. The Writing of Hadeeth <ul><li>The writing of Hadeeth was started at the time of prophet(sallallaahu alaihi wa </li></ul><ul><li>sallam). Some of the Sahabah used to remember the Ahadeeth and some of </li></ul><ul><li>them recorded in writing. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) on some </li></ul><ul><li>occasions ordered the companions to write and some occasions kept quite </li></ul><ul><li>on seeing them writing and on some occasions encouraged to write </li></ul><ul><li>everything he tells. The process started with small pamphlets and booklets. </li></ul><ul><li>Later were collected by a number of Muhaddiseen in Musnads & Sunans. </li></ul><ul><li>1) Narrated Abu Huraira(Radhi Allahu Anhu): </li></ul><ul><li>There is none among the companions of the Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) who </li></ul><ul><li>has narrated more Hadiths than I except 'Abdullah bin Amr (bin Al-'As) who used to </li></ul><ul><li>write them and I never did the same. </li></ul><ul><li>[Saheeh Bukhari, Book of Knowledge, Chapter Wrting of knowledge, Hadeeth 113] </li></ul><ul><li>2) Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As narrated: </li></ul><ul><li>I used to write everything which I heard from the Apostle of Allah(peace_be_upon_him). </li></ul><ul><li>I intended (by it) to memorise it. The Quraysh prohibited me saying: Do you write </li></ul><ul><li>everything that you hear from him while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) is a </li></ul><ul><li>human being: he speaks in anger and pleasure? So I stopped writing, and mentioned it </li></ul><ul><li>to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He signalled with his finger to his mouth </li></ul><ul><li>and said: Write, by Him in Whose hand my soul lies, only right(HAQ) comes out from it. </li></ul><ul><li>[Sunan Abu Daawood, Kitaab-ul-ilm, baab kitaabatul ilm, 133; Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaibaa, Kitaab ul Adab] </li></ul><ul><li>[Musnad Ahmad 2/162/6510 & 2/192; Sunan Ad-Darimi 1/125; Mustadrak Al Hakim 1/359] </li></ul><ul><li>[Silsila Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah, 1532] </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Writing of Hadeeth <ul><li>3) Abdullah bin Umar(radhi Allahu Anhu) narrated that the prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa </li></ul><ul><li>sallam) of Allah wrote a letter about sadaqah (zakat) but he died before he could send it </li></ul><ul><li>to his governors. He had kept it with his sword. So AbuBakr acted upon it till he died, </li></ul><ul><li>and then Umar acted upon it till he died. {this letter is reported as Kitaab-us-sadaqa} </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[Sunan Abu Dawood, Kitaab Us-Zakaat, 1568; Tirmidhee, Abwab uz Zakaat, 617; Musnad Ahmad, 2/14 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>& 2/15; Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaibaa, Kitaab-uz-Zakaat, 3/121; Bayhaqi As-Sunan Al Kubra, Kitaab-Uz- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zakaat, 4/88; Musnad Abu ya’la, Volume 9, 5470; Irwa Ul-Ghaleel, 265/3; Mustadrak Al Haakim, Volume </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1, 1443] GRADED SAHEEH </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4) On the conquest of Makkah the prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) gave a speech on </li></ul><ul><li>human rights. Then a Yemeni man, named Abee Shaa requested “write that for me Oh </li></ul><ul><li>Allah’s Apostle”(he said it twice). The prophet(sas) ordered: “Write that for Abu Shah.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[Bukhari and Muslim][See For details Saheeh Bukhari Volume 3, Book 42, Number 613 and more] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5) Mousa Bin Talha said that we have the book of Muaaz Bin Jabal(Radhi Allahu Anhu) </li></ul><ul><li>which he reported from the Prophet(sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Sunan Daraqutni, 2/95,1897; See Mishkaat Ul Masaabih 1803] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6) Abdullah Bin Ukaim(Radhi Allahu Anhu) reported that the letter(pamphlet) of </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was read in the territory of Juhaina when I was a </li></ul><ul><li>young boy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Sunan Abu Daawood, Kitaab ul Libaas, 4127] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*******WE WOULD LIKE TO REMIND THOSE WHO DEVIATE INNOCENT PEOPLE BY CREATING DOUBTS ABOUT HADEETH AND THE BOOKS OF HADEETH TO FEAR ALLAH. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Rules and Conditions for Acceptance of Narrations <ul><li>A Hadeeth (pl. Ahaadeeth) is composed of two parts: </li></ul><ul><li>(i) The Matn (text) and </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) The Isnad(chain of reporters). </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Matn’ is the narration itself i.e., the words which are attributed to who is reported as being said. </li></ul><ul><li>The Isnaad is the chain of reporters(men or women) starting from the Muhaddis eg., Bukhari to Whom the narration is related eg., the Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). The scholars involved in transmitting the narrations also collected the information about the narrators. This information is the basis for the rules and condition defined in the acceptance of the narrations. </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Malik(b93Hijri) said that the Isnaad was started in the period of Imam Zuhree(b50Hijri). As time passed, more reporters were involved in each isnad, and so the situation demanded strict discipline in the acceptance of ahadith; the rules regulating this discipline are known as Mustalah al-Hadith (the Science of Hadith). </li></ul><ul><li>This clarifies that, the matter of spurious Ahadeeth was not an ignored or unknown thing for the scholars of the era. Infact, they made sure of the authenticity, by collecting information about every narrator who reports a Hadeeth. </li></ul>
  11. 11. CLASSIFICATION OF HADEETH HADEETH AL MUTAWAATIR This is the narration related from a group of people (atleast 4 from generation to generation), where it is impossible for them to have agreed upon a lie and the narration must rely upon the mind and the senses. The scholars have no doubt that this type of Ahadeeth came from the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). This is again divided into Mutawatir in the text and Mutawatir in the meaning. HADEETH AL AHAD Any Hadith which is not recurrent(mutawatir in the transmission) is called non- recurrent ('ahad). This type is again sub-divided based on different criteria.
  12. 12. CLASSIFICATION OF HADEETH It has to be stressed that in Islamic Law only authentic (saheeh) and good (Hasan) Hadeeths are used in deriving ordinance.
  13. 13. The Rules and Conditions for Acceptance of Narrations <ul><li>The Five Criteria for judging the authenticity: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Lack of continuity in the chain of transmitters. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Lack of integrity in the Narrators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3) Inaccuracy of the memories of the transmitters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4) Non-conformity of a Hadith then it is called &quot;odd&quot; (shadhdh). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5) Because of a &quot;defect&quot; ('illah). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A Saheeh Hadeeth meets the above 5 conditions. Hasan Hadeeth meets all except the 3 rd condition in </li></ul><ul><li>any point in the Isnaad. If a Hadeeth is not Saheeh or Hasan then it is Dha’eef. Especially the 1 st and the </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd requirements are not met. </li></ul>A Dha’eef Hadeeth cannot be used to derive Rulings/Aqeedah and if it is not Mawdhoo or Munkar or Matrook can be used in Targheeb wa Tarheeb(for encouragement and discouragement) of the already established things . It must be indicated that the Hadeeth is Dha’eef. Mawdoo and Munkar reports should only be used to warn people against acting them. Unauthenticity of Hadeeth Based on dis-continued isnaad (chain of reporters): 1) Mursal -Chain of reporters misses the Sahabi 2) Munqati‘ -Chain misses some reporters in the middle 3) Mu'dil -Chain misses 2 successive reporters 4) Mu'allaq -Chains misses the reporter at the end Unauthenticity Based on integrity of narrators: 1) Mawdoo (Fabricated, there is some transmitter who is known for Fabricating and Lying Ahadeeth) 2) Munkar (Rejected, the text came from only one channel and the transmitter’s memory is not known to be good) 3) Matrook (Abandoned, Fabrication in the Hadeeth) 4) Mudallas (Masked Transmitters, a transmitter masks the tranmitter(s) above him) 5) Mubham (Obscure, Some transmitter is not named) 6) Mudraj (Interpolated, Something has been added into text)
  14. 14. The Books of Hadeeth <ul><li>The Companions of the prophet(sas) were distributed in various cities across the muslim </li></ul><ul><li>ummah. They gave the knowledge of Quran and Sunnah to their students. The scholars of </li></ul><ul><li>Hadeeth travelled from place to place and collected the reports from their predecessors. </li></ul><ul><li>There are more than 30 books of Hadeeth each one giving evidence of the truthness that </li></ul><ul><li>they are the recorded sunnah of Prophet(SAS) and the Sahabah(Radhi Allahu anhum). The </li></ul><ul><li>following are the most famous among them. The first 6 in the following list are called as </li></ul><ul><li>Ummahaat As-Sitta or the Sihaah As-Sitta (The Authentic Six). </li></ul>1) Saheeh Bukhari 2) Saheeh Muslim 3) Sunan Nisaaee 4) Sunan Abu Dawood 5) Sunan At-Timizee 6) Sunan Ibn Majah 7) Muatta Malik 8) Musnad Ahmad 9) Mustadrak Haakim 10) Sunan Ad-Daarimi 11) Sunan Bayhaqi 12) Saheeh Ibn Hibban 13) Saheeh Ibn Khuzaima 14) Sunan Daaraqutni 15) Musnad Abu Ya’la 16) Musnad Ishaaq bin Rahwaih 17) Musnad Abdullah bin Mubaarak 18) Musnad Shafaee 19) Musnad Ibn Al Ja’ad 20) Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaibaa 21) Musannaf Abdur Razzaaq 22) Tabaraani As-Sagheer, Kabeer and Al-Awsat and many others.
  15. 15. <ul><li>Saheeh Bukhari: </li></ul><ul><li>The author called it Al Jami as-Saheeh. This book was compiled by Abu </li></ul><ul><li>Abdullah Imam Muhammad Bin Isma’eel Al Bukhari. Imam Bukhari was </li></ul><ul><li>born in 194 Hijri. He was brought up as an orphan with his mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Bukhari was a man of Taqwa. He studied under many Shaikhs and </li></ul><ul><li>stayed in hijaz for 6 years. He travelled to as-shaam, al-misr, al-basra, al </li></ul><ul><li>kufa, al-baghdad etc. He had a strong memory. </li></ul><ul><li>He collected the reports from different scholars dispersed across the </li></ul><ul><li>muslim world and completed the book in 16 years. He showed it to the </li></ul><ul><li>famous Muhaddiseen of the time namely Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal </li></ul><ul><li>(d241hijri), Yahya bin Ma’een(d233 hijri) and Alee Ibn Madinee(d234hijri). </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Bukhari was a Mujtahid and Faqi and has strange way of </li></ul><ul><li>extracting rules from Hadeeth and indeed his book and biography testify </li></ul><ul><li>this fact. </li></ul><ul><li>Saheeh Bukhari has a total of 7397 Ahadeeth and after removal of </li></ul><ul><li>repeated Ahadeeth it becomes 2602. Imam Bukhari said that he included </li></ul><ul><li>only Saheeh Hadeeth in this book. The book has unique chapters based </li></ul><ul><li>on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Statements about him from the Muhaddiseen in his time: </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Ahmad(d241hijri) said “Khurasan has not brought out of it a </li></ul><ul><li>man like Muhammad Bin Ismail” [Mustalahaat Hadeeth, Ibn Uthaimeen] </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Ibn Khuzaima(d311hijri) said “I have not seen under the sky, </li></ul><ul><li>anyone having more knowledge and better memory of the </li></ul><ul><li>Hadeeth of the Messenger of Allah(sas) than Muhammad bin </li></ul><ul><li>Ismail” [Mustalahaat Hadeeth, Ibn Uthaimeen] </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Bukhari wrote many other books like Al-Adab ul Mufrad & others </li></ul><ul><li>books which deal with the knowledge of the reporters(transmitters). </li></ul>Saheeh Muslim: The author called it Al Jami as-Saheeh. This book was compiled by Imam Muslim Bin Hajjaaj Al Nisapoori. Imam Muslim was born in 204 Hijri in Nisapoor, Iran. He also travelled to different countries name al-misr, ash-sham, Iraq and Hijaz. Many scholars of Ahl-ul-Hadeeth have praised him a lot; Muhammad ibn Bashaar(rahimahullah) said: The great memorizers of the world are 4: Abu Zu’rah in Rayy, ad-Darimee in Samaqand, Muhammad ibn Ismael in Bukhara and Muslim in Nisapoor. Imam Muslim died in Nisapoor in 261 hijri. He also wrote other books for reporters and transmitters. Saheeh Muslim is also considered as a book equivalent to Saheeh Bukhari in its authenticty. The Ahadeeth in Saheeh Muslim are also arranged by topic and is famously praised for the arrangement of the Ahaadeeth. Imam Nawawi later divided the Saheeh Muslim with chapter headings. Comments on Saheeh Bukhari and Muslim: Some of the scholars have criticized very few Ahadeeth of Bukhari and Muslim, but on the whole the Ummah of Muhammad(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has accepted these two books as the most authentic books of Hadeeth. Some of the quotes of famous scholars of the east and west: 1) Imam Nisaa’ee(d303) said: “Ummah is united on the Saheeh Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim each of them in authenticity and Bukhari is the best in all the books of Hadeeth. 2) Ibn Taymeeyah(d728) said: “Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim muslim do not agree on a hadeeth except its authentic without a doubt” 3) Allaama Ayni Al Hanafi(d855 Hijri): “The Ulama of the east and west are united that after Quran there is no book better than Saheeh Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim” [Allaama Ayni, Umdatul Qaari, Muqaddama] 4) Shah Wali Ullah Muhaddis Dehlawi (d1100H) said: “He who says against Bukhari and Muslim (hadeeth books) he is an Innovator(Biddati) and he has chosen a path that is different from that of the Believers [Hujjatullaahil Baligha,v1, p134] When a Muhaddith says he got 300,000/600,000/500,000 or more Hadeeth and he collected out of them 7000/6000/4000 it means that he got the information about the Sunnah from so many chains of narrators. He does not mean that he got so many types of text. For example, from Abu Hurayrah to xy to ab to ef, from Anas to pq to fg etc. etc. Out of the large number of chains the Muhaddiseen select a few prominent chains and record the information of the reporters with them.
  16. 16. Sunan Abee-Dawood: Abu Dawood is Sulayman bin Ahs-ath bin Ishaaq as-Sijistaani. He was born in Sijistaan in Basra in 202 Hijri. He travelled seeking Ahadeeth and reported from people of Iraq, Sham, Misr and Kharasan. He also took from Imam Ahmad and other scholars. This is the collection of 4800 Ahdeeth and the author only collected those Ahadeeth pertaining to the rulings of the Shariah. Sunan Abu Dawood is a famous book among the scholars of Fiqh because it colelcted majority of the Ahadeeth concerning rulings of the Shariah. Its author also stated that he read his book to Imam Ahmad who commented that it was a good and fine book. Imam Abu Dawood have commented on the most of the weak Ahadeeth and the Ahadeeth which he is quiet are considered as Hasan.The Most famous book of explanation of Abu Dawood is Awn ul Ma’abood Sharh Abee Dawood by Allaama Azeemabaadi. Darussalaam publishers also gave a good research of Sunan Abee Dawood which is present in Urdu and English. SUNAN NISA’EE: Imam Nisa’ee is Abdur Rahman Ahmad bin Shuaib bin Alee An- Nasaee born in 215 Hijri in Nasaa in present Iran. He travelled to various places seeking Ahadeeth namely Hijaz, Khurasaan, Shaam, Al-Jazira(arabian penisula), and other places. He stayed in Egypt for a long time and his books became famous there, he then travelled to Syria, where he was afflicted with trials. Imam Nisa’ee is well respected for his knowledge and the authenticity of his book Sunan-An-Nasaa’ee which has very few Dha’eef Ahaadeeth. After Saheehayn(two Saheehs) his book is the next authentic book. Imam Nisa’ee also wrote a book Dhu’afaa Wal Matrookeen on the Unauthentic reporters and fabricators listing many reporters of Hadeeth who were not reliable and who were famous fabricators. Sunan At-Tirmidhee: Imam Tirmidhee is Abu Eesa Muhammad bin Eesa bin Surah as-Salamee at-Tirmidhee born in the town Tirmidh in Uzbekistaan near the northern border of Afghanistan in 209 hijri. He travelled to various place seeking Ahadeeth and reported from people of Hijaaz, Iraq and Khurasan. This is the collection which is very popular among the scholars and this has Saheeh, Hasan and Dha’eef Ahadeeth. Imam Tirmidhee mentioned clearly the level of every Hadeeth in his sunan sometimes called as Jami At-Tirmidhee. He also explained why the weak Ahadeeth in his book are of that level. Ibn Rajab(d795h) said: “Takhreej in his book of Saheeh, Hasan and Ghareeb(rare or scarce), regarding the Ghareeb Hadeeth which he made Takhreej some of them are Munkar(rejected) Ahadeeth especially pertaining to the virtues ” Sunan At-Tirmidhee is a good work for the students and one needs to check with other Muhaddiseen to check the authenticity for some of the Ahadeeth in this collection. Among the most popular commentaries of Tirmidhee is Tohfatul Ahwadhi biSharh Jami At-Tirmidhee by Abdur Rahman Mubarakpoori. Sunan Ibn Maajah: Imam Ibn Maajah is Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Yazeed bin Abdullah bin Maajah. He was born in Khazwin in 209 Hijri. This collection is among the famous six books of Hadeeth. But, the level of authenticity is not of that level, when compared to the other books. Sunan Ibn Majah has 4341 Ahadeeth. Majority of them are found in other books of Hadeeth except 1339. Ibn Hajr Asqalaani(d852h) said: “Generally there are many Ahadeeth(in Sunan Ibn Majah) which are Munkar(rejected) and Allah’s aid is sought.” Al-Suyooti(d911h) said: “he is the only one who made Takhreej of Ahadeeth from men who have been criticized of lying and stealing ahaadeeth. Some of the Ahadeeth are not known except from these weak men” There are many commentaries of Sunan Ibn Majah among them the famous is Hashiya Al-Sindhi.
  17. 17. The books on Reporters and authenticity of Hadeeth <ul><li>The Muhaddiseen recorded the information about the reporters in the Isnaad of the Ahadeeth. This is to make sure that every Hadeeth which is reported is made sure that it is transmitted actually from the prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). </li></ul><ul><li>Remarks like “Imam(leader)” , “Haafiz(Preserver)”, “Reliable, trustworthy”, “Makes Mistakes”, “weak”, “Abondoned(by the muhaddiseen)”, “Liar, Used to fabricate” are made for the reporters in order to make sure that the Ummah is not left unguided with a lot of Ahadeeth which are un-authentic and the people get confused and might prefer unauthentic and fabricated Ahadeeth instead of the authentic ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the earliest books are Tareekh of Ibn Ma‘een (d. 233), Tabaqat of Khalifa bin Khayyat (d. 240), Tareekh of al-Bukhari (d. 256), Kitab al-Jarh wa 'l-Ta'dil of Ibn Abee Hatim (d. 327) and Tabaqat of Muhammad bin Sa‘ad (d. 320). </li></ul><ul><li>A number of such books are there especially on the reporters of Hadeeth in the Ummahaat As-Sittah. The first among them is about the reporters in Sunan Ibn Majah (d. 273), the ten-volume collection of al-Hafiz 'Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi (d. 600), known as Al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal. Al-Mizzi(d. 742h) abridged and included punctuations in the book. </li></ul><ul><li>The later scholars like Imam Zahhabi(d.748 hijri), Ibn Hajr Asqalaani(d852 hijri) have worked on the reporters details. There are many books which discuss the authenticity of the Ahadeeth collected in various books. The famous are Majma Al Zawa’id by Ibn Hajr Al Haythami, the books of Imam Zahhabi, Ibn Al jawzi, Imam Nawawi, Imam Ibn Taymeeyah and the most recent of those being of Al-Albani the Muhaddis of our times. </li></ul><ul><li>Allaama Al-Albaani’s large collection of work like Saheeh Al Jaami As-Sagheer, Sisila Ahaadeeth Al Saheeha, Silsila Ahadeeth Al-Dha’eefah, works on Mishkat-ul-Masabih, and the four sunans Abu Dawood, Tirmidhee, Nisaa’ee and Ibn Majah and other such are a big asset for the students and scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Allaama Al-Albaani discusses the Hadeeth and mentions the many books which collected them and the comments of the previous Muhaddiseen. And makes his comments on it. Any muhaddis who declares a Hadeeth as un-authentic gives detailed explanation for the weakness of the Hadeeth. </li></ul>
  18. 18. And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers' way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell --- what an evil destination! [Quran, Surah Nisa, Ayat 116] Wa Sallillaahumma Alaa Sayyidina Wa Nabiyyina Muhammad wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Barik wa Sallim. Wal Hamdulillahi rabbil Aalameen