National Seminar on<br /> Trademarks and The Franchising Sector.<br />13th and 14th December,2010<br />Traders Hotel<br />...
The Current Trademark Administration System and the Franchising Sector in Myanmar..<br />Min Tayza Nyunt Tin<br />Managing...
Are you Stepping into IP Regime : <br />Yes or No <br />Why Yes <br />Why NO <br />Coz we are  Human being . .<br />Copyri...
What is Intellectual Property:  <br />Very Simple  . . . . . .<br /><ul><li>Product of human being:
 Intellect/Brain/Concept/Idea/Innovation/Creation</li></ul>Daily lively hood  . . . . . . <br />Without intellectual prope...
Why  Intellectual Property is Important : <br /><ul><li>Creativity of citizen and corporate.
Dignity of the Nation.
Economic  driving forces for MACRO Economic.
Respect  for Human Rights.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
What is Intellectual Property Rights ? <br />Reserved by : <br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
What is Trademark : <br />It's "a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, ...
Myanmar and Its IPRs: <br />Are there any IPRs specific Laws in Myanmar ?<br />NO<br />So, IP owners can not protect their...
Existing Intellectual Property Rights related Laws: <br /><ul><li>For Application/registration of Trademark:
The Registration Act(1909)</li></ul>Section 18(f)<br /><ul><li>Direction (13) of the Inspector General of Registration</li...
<ul><li>For protection of Trademark:
Myanmar Penal Code(1861)
The Specific Relief Act(1877)
The Sea Custom Act(1878)</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
<ul><li>For protection of Copyright:
Specific Relief Act (1877)
Myanmar Copyright Act (1914)
The Television and Video Law (1996)
The Computer Science Development Law</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
<ul><li>Pre Registration stage:</li></ul>Is there any official Trademark Search system ?<br />NO<br />So how ?<br />Copyri...
<ul><li>Proceeding stage:</li></ul>Is there any Trademark examination system ?<br />NO<br />Is there any Trademark objecti...
Some Interesting Myanmar Registered Trademarks:<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
<ul><li>Post Registration stage:
Is there any Trademark gazette ?</li></ul>NO<br /><ul><li>Is there alternative practice ?</li></ul>YES, Trademark Caution....
<ul><li>Trademark Cautions:</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
Myanmar and Its Trademark Practice : <br /><ul><li>Current Practice:
For Local Trademark:
For International Trademark:</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
Myanmar and Its IPRs aspect. <br />Are there any IPRs specific Laws in Myanmar ?<br />NO<br /><ul><li> May be tomorrow or ...
Dynamic of IP
Not like Penal Code
Not like Criminal Procedure Not like Civil procedure.
So, our draft IP laws  have to > > > > > > > > > > > >revised with current legal and business trend. </li></ul>Copyright N...
Common Violation of Trademark Rights in Myanmar:<br /><ul><li>Passing off
Counterfeiting
Parallel importation.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
Protection of Trademark Rights:<br />Civil Nature:<br /><ul><li> Specific Relief Act, Section (54).
Passing off.
Tort.
Parallel importation.
 Perpetual Injunction.
 Compensation for Damages.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
Criminal Nature:<br /><ul><li>Using a false Trademark:
  482( 1 year imprisonment or fine or both )
Counterfeiting a trademark or property mark:
  483( 1 year imprisonment, fine or both )
Making or procession of instrument:
  485( 3 year imprisonment ,fine or both)</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
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The Current Trademark Administration in Myanmar and Franchising Sector.

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Presentation of WIPO National Seminar,Traders Hotel,Yangon,Myanmar,13th-14th December 2010.

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The Current Trademark Administration in Myanmar and Franchising Sector.

  1. 1. National Seminar on<br /> Trademarks and The Franchising Sector.<br />13th and 14th December,2010<br />Traders Hotel<br />Yangon<br />Union of Myanmar<br />Cooperation with:<br />Organized by:<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  2. 2. The Current Trademark Administration System and the Franchising Sector in Myanmar..<br />Min Tayza Nyunt Tin<br />Managing Partner, U Nyunt Tin Associates.<br />Councillor, Asean Intellectual Property Association.<br />Member, Licensing Executive Society (Pan Asia Group).<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  3. 3. Are you Stepping into IP Regime : <br />Yes or No <br />Why Yes <br />Why NO <br />Coz we are Human being . .<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  4. 4. What is Intellectual Property: <br />Very Simple . . . . . .<br /><ul><li>Product of human being:
  5. 5. Intellect/Brain/Concept/Idea/Innovation/Creation</li></ul>Daily lively hood . . . . . . <br />Without intellectual property and Its enforcement . . . . . . . . . . ?<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  6. 6. Why Intellectual Property is Important : <br /><ul><li>Creativity of citizen and corporate.
  7. 7. Dignity of the Nation.
  8. 8. Economic driving forces for MACRO Economic.
  9. 9. Respect for Human Rights.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  10. 10. What is Intellectual Property Rights ? <br />Reserved by : <br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  11. 11. What is Trademark : <br />It's "a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others.<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  12. 12. Myanmar and Its IPRs: <br />Are there any IPRs specific Laws in Myanmar ?<br />NO<br />So, IP owners can not protect their rights in Myanmar ?<br />NO, obviously No<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  13. 13. Existing Intellectual Property Rights related Laws: <br /><ul><li>For Application/registration of Trademark:
  14. 14. The Registration Act(1909)</li></ul>Section 18(f)<br /><ul><li>Direction (13) of the Inspector General of Registration</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>For protection of Trademark:
  16. 16. Myanmar Penal Code(1861)
  17. 17. The Specific Relief Act(1877)
  18. 18. The Sea Custom Act(1878)</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  19. 19. <ul><li>For protection of Copyright:
  20. 20. Specific Relief Act (1877)
  21. 21. Myanmar Copyright Act (1914)
  22. 22. The Television and Video Law (1996)
  23. 23. The Computer Science Development Law</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  24. 24. <ul><li>Pre Registration stage:</li></ul>Is there any official Trademark Search system ?<br />NO<br />So how ?<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  25. 25. <ul><li>Proceeding stage:</li></ul>Is there any Trademark examination system ?<br />NO<br />Is there any Trademark objection and appeal system ?<br />NO<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  26. 26. Some Interesting Myanmar Registered Trademarks:<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  27. 27. <ul><li>Post Registration stage:
  28. 28. Is there any Trademark gazette ?</li></ul>NO<br /><ul><li>Is there alternative practice ?</li></ul>YES, Trademark Caution.<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>Trademark Cautions:</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  30. 30. Myanmar and Its Trademark Practice : <br /><ul><li>Current Practice:
  31. 31. For Local Trademark:
  32. 32. For International Trademark:</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  33. 33. Myanmar and Its IPRs aspect. <br />Are there any IPRs specific Laws in Myanmar ?<br />NO<br /><ul><li> May be tomorrow or may be by 1st July of 2013.
  34. 34. Dynamic of IP
  35. 35. Not like Penal Code
  36. 36. Not like Criminal Procedure Not like Civil procedure.
  37. 37. So, our draft IP laws have to > > > > > > > > > > > >revised with current legal and business trend. </li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  38. 38. Common Violation of Trademark Rights in Myanmar:<br /><ul><li>Passing off
  39. 39. Counterfeiting
  40. 40. Parallel importation.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  41. 41. Protection of Trademark Rights:<br />Civil Nature:<br /><ul><li> Specific Relief Act, Section (54).
  42. 42. Passing off.
  43. 43. Tort.
  44. 44. Parallel importation.
  45. 45. Perpetual Injunction.
  46. 46. Compensation for Damages.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  47. 47. Criminal Nature:<br /><ul><li>Using a false Trademark:
  48. 48. 482( 1 year imprisonment or fine or both )
  49. 49. Counterfeiting a trademark or property mark:
  50. 50. 483( 1 year imprisonment, fine or both )
  51. 51. Making or procession of instrument:
  52. 52. 485( 3 year imprisonment ,fine or both)</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  53. 53. Protection of Trademark Rights in Criminal Nature <br />(Loop holes of Section 486). <br /><ul><li>Selling counterfeit Trademark:
  54. 54. that, having taking all reasonable precautions against this section, he had at that time of </li></ul>the commission of the alleged offence no reason to suspect the genuineness of the mark:<br /><ul><li>That on demand made by or on behalf of the prosecutor he give all the information in his power with respect to the person from whom he obtained such goods or things:
  55. 55. that other wise he had acted innocently:
  56. 56. (1) year Imprisonment , fine or both.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  57. 57. Protection of Trademark Rights in Border Measurement.<br /><ul><li>Importation of counterfeit Products:
  58. 58. Sea Custom Act:</li></ul>Section 167: Confiscation and Destroy. Penalty <br /><ul><li>Import- Export Restriction Act:</li></ul>Section 5 (1): Confiscation and Destroy.<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  59. 59. Protection of Copyrights in Myanmar: <br /><ul><li>Dramatic work:
  60. 60. Literature:
  61. 61. Artist work:
  62. 62. Myanmar Copyright Act (1914).</li></ul>Copy right item relating with Franchising Sector:<br /><ul><li>Software (Point of Sales)
  63. 63. Manual
  64. 64. Teaching Material
  65. 65. Forms
  66. 66. Promotional and advertising material.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  67. 67. Weakness of Trademark Registration/Enforcement in Myanmar: <br /><ul><li>Mechanism
  68. 68. Database
  69. 69. Awareness
  70. 70. Mindset
  71. 71. Integration</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  72. 72. What we have to do <br /><ul><li>IPRs legal frame work
  73. 73. IPRs public awareness
  74. 74. IPRs national treatment (TRIPs Article :3)
  75. 75. Art: 65-66 : No grace period , No exception)</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  76. 76. Aim and Objective of Franchising:<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  77. 77. Importunateness of IPRs in Franchising Sector<br />Dialogue ,negotiated and Accepted.<br />Contract<br />Franchisor<br />Franchisee<br />You<br />Company<br />Proposed <br />Business Plan<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  78. 78. Role of Intellectual Property in Franchising Business: <br /><ul><li> Arise based on contractual franchise agreement
  79. 79. Intellectual licensing is a vital for all franchising business
  80. 80. Main clauses relating with IPRs in franchising Agreement:
  81. 81. Trademark licensing
  82. 82. Invention licensing
  83. 83. Copyright licensing</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  84. 84. Enforceability and validity of the franchising<br />agreement in Myanmar:<br /><ul><li>Myanmar Contract Act (1872)
  85. 85. Section 2(h): Contract is an agreement enforceable by law
  86. 86. Section 2(a) and (b): an agreement, i.e. and offer and an acceptance of the offer
  87. 87. Section 23,24 and 25: Lawful consideration for the agreement
  88. 88. Section 23 and 24: Lawful object and purpose of the agreement
  89. 89. Section 14: free consent of the parties to the agreement
  90. 90. Section 11: capacity of the parties to enter an agreement</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  91. 91. Franchising Sector, Intellectual Property Rights and Myanmar Perspective:<br /><ul><li>Very new business area and model.
  92. 92. Some business has been involved
  93. 93. Need to be promote more, both business concept and IPRs mindset.
  94. 94. Can perform with existing laws
  95. 95. Some existing law have to made harmonization with current trend</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  96. 96. Opportunity of Franchising Sector in Myanmar : <br /><ul><li>Population
  97. 97. New business trend
  98. 98. Economic adjustment
  99. 99. Keen interest and encouragement.
  100. 100. SME</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  101. 101. Future Franchising Sector in Myanmar : <br /><ul><li> Educational /vocational services
  102. 102. Gym
  103. 103. Fashion outlet
  104. 104. Beautification services
  105. 105. Car servicing.
  106. 106. Health care services
  107. 107. Model agency
  108. 108. Restaurant/pub/club/cafe.
  109. 109. Travel and tour operator.
  110. 110. Convenient store
  111. 111. Any others ?.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  112. 112. MNC<br />Change and transformation of Mind set for new Economy.<br /> New Economics Platform<br />Current Economics Platform<br />Local Champ<br />Local Champ<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />Local toward<br />Regional<br />
  113. 113. Change and transformation of Mind set for new Economy.<br />Stand alone<br /><ul><li>Local Combination
  114. 114. Joint Venture
  115. 115. Local Champion toward Regional</li></ul>1<br />Accept 1 +1 = <br />NOT 2<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  116. 116. Change and transformation of Mind set for new Economy.<br />Stand alone<br /><ul><li>Local Combination
  117. 117. Joint Venture
  118. 118. Local Champion toward Regional</li></ul>1<br />Accept 1 +1 = <br />NOT 2<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  119. 119. Weakness of IPRS and Franchising Sector in Myanmar : <br />Mechanism<br />Database<br />Awareness<br />Integration<br />Mindset<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  120. 120. Adjustment needed: <br /><ul><li>Economics and Regulatory Adjustment:</li></ul>Consistency<br />Transparency<br />Flexibility<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  121. 121. Who should be a leader in Myanmar Franchising Sector: <br /><ul><li>Keen interest and encouragement.
  122. 122. Franchising Association.
  123. 123. Franchising Regulation
  124. 124. Franchising Manual
  125. 125. Franchising Opportunity
  126. 126. Franchising in – out
  127. 127. Franchising Fair
  128. 128. Dispute Resolution Body</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  129. 129. Driving force of Franchising Sector in Myanmar . <br /><ul><li> SME.
  130. 130. practicality.
  131. 131. Intellectual Property.
  132. 132. Legitimacy.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  133. 133. Challenges of Franchising Sector in Myanmar . <br /><ul><li> AFTA and AEC (After 2015)
  134. 134. The Good
  135. 135. The Bad and the ugly. </li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  136. 136. The Good <br />Eliminating tariff barriers among member countries<br /> Free flow of labor<br /> GDP will increase because of FDI<br /> Infrastructure will improve<br /> Government income will increase through taxes<br /> Tourism<br /> Synergy <br />Service industry <br />Export/import <br /> Desire to learn Burmese<br /> Education standard <br />Mindset development <br /> International relation/ Experience<br /> Land price<br /> Competitive market<br />Value of Kyats<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  137. 137. STRATEGIC LOCATION<br />2<br />5<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  138. 138. THE BAD<br />Free flow of FDI <br />Reduced non tariff barriers<br />Are we ready ?<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  139. 139. The Ugly (1) :<br />Bye Bye Green<br />Behavioral Change <br />Culture interference <br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  140. 140. The Ugly (2) :<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  141. 141. Why not :<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  142. 142. Sometimes <br />we stare so long <br /> at the door that is closing <br />that we see too late the one that is <br />‘’ open.’’<br />Alexender Graham Bell<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  143. 143. Have you locked the door your self ?<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  144. 144. My current perception:<br /><ul><li>This day is better than yesterday, and tomorrow will be better than today.</li></ul>Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  145. 145. For you<br />For your Nation<br />FRANCHISING<br />But please abide by the Laws<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />
  146. 146. Thank you.<br />For any information and /or question<br />Please kindly contact me via mintayza@untlaw.com<br />Notice:<br />This presentation is for educational and awareness purpose.<br />All Intellectual Property Rights in this presentation were owned by its respective owner.<br />Copyright Notice © <br />2010 All rights reserved<br />

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