Ip Se Dorset Green Infrastructure


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Presentation to local authorities in south east Dorset on a strategy for green infrastructure for CABE Space

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Ip Se Dorset Green Infrastructure

  1. 1. Green Infrastructure: getting value from your landscape Ian Phillips MRTPI, CMLI CABE Space enabler
  2. 2. Green Infrastructure - principles • Highlights the importance of the natural environment in land use planning • Emphasises essential services provided by natural systems • Promotes green space as a valuable asset
  3. 3. GI concepts • Multi-functionality – Competing pressures – making best use of scarce land resources • Connectivity – Making the whole network more than the sum of its parts • Strategic vision and local delivery – Partnership working to add tangible value + operational effectiveness + public benefit
  4. 4. Multifunctional space
  5. 5. GI - opportunities • GI addresses diverse agendas: – Climate change – Energy efficiency and resources – Recreation & leisure – Healthy communities – Alternative transportation routes – Place making, character & distinctiveness – Biodiversity – Flood risk attenuation – Water resource management – Waste management – Economic development esp. tourism – Food production – Other resource production
  6. 6. Connectivity: sub region to neighbourhood
  7. 7. Potential GI land assets • Can include private, public and restricted open space: – residential gardens – footpaths, bridleways and cycleways – streets (e.g. trees) and buildings (e.g. green roofs) – civic spaces – public parks and gardens – playing fields and sports pitches – business parks, car parks – blue space (e.g. waterways, coast) and SUDS – allotments / leisure / market gardens – open countryside – country parks / estates – nature reserves – agriculture / forestry / MoD land
  8. 8. Changing climates – changing needs ll g he o din os to s f flo t cha shop ur s o rough sing le. ho ain b y clo assab t hit, • Twontial r sterda s imp wors a lake rre ye ad he to , To area ng ro was t ns in Echo i e the mak outh Gard Daily and rnem ower mouth u Bo ing L ourne n tur rce: B 8 u 0 So 9/20 0 13/ ast e flood warning l sued a sever g of nment Agency is n Dors et, warnin /9/09 The Enviro hurch harbour i The Gu ardian 14 night for Christc e an d p roperty" da nger to lif "extreme
  9. 9. Green cities wiil be cool High density residential High density residential 40 40 Max surface temp (°C) Max surface temp (°C) 35 35 30 current form current form 30 -10% green -10% green 25 25 +10% green +10% green 20 20 15 15 1970s 1970s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2050s 2050s 2050s 2050s 2080s 2080s 2080s 2080s Low Low High High Low Low High High Low Low High High Time period and scenario Time period and scenario Source: Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change in Urban Environments (ASCCUE), University of Manchester
  10. 10. Towards a Natural Health Service? 3.5 3 • 60,000 people - ie: 18% of 2.5 the population - in Bournemouth & Poole are 2 Obesity obese. 1.5 Physical Activity • 1 in 3 10-11 yr old are 1 either overweight or obese 0.5 • Up to 43,000 people – ie: 12% of the population – 0 Low Greenery High suffering from anxiety and depression Source: A Ellaway, S Macintyre • Older people have greater BMJ 2005;331;611-2 care needs and those are expected to increase Source: Bournemouth and Poole PCT/NHS 2009-2013 Strategic Plan
  11. 11. Capitalising on world-class landscapes
  12. 12. Meeting community needs • Urban South Hampshire (PUSH) Needs are greatest within the urban areas - based on deprivation, age, risk of adverse environmental quality, etc Potential for delivering community needs is more diffuse – widespread opportunity for GI to deliver multiple functions
  13. 13. Reducing car dependency bu ses t he ing on driv re are and nts a e ise mor 08 or nd h May 20 ntinue t outh res o new ide a ore cho 15t es co rnem ding t M yE ric ou or Dail EL p more B vel, acc FU ar, bus AS so us tra ber of as c osts ing to b e num ough h ighest sw itch ar th he bor f the h . t ye t o fig ures the pas neys in nt, one ing our ce Dur enger j 18 per s y pas ased b ountry. e c incr in the s rise
  14. 14. Exploiting local resources
  15. 15. GI strategy • An effective GI strategy needs to: – operate at the relevant scale / level: • Local / neighbourhood • Town / city / district • Sub-regional, regional, national – incorporate cross-cutting policies – potentially cross political and administrative boundaries – be sufficiently robust and flexible to respond to political change
  16. 16. SE Dorset opportunity map
  17. 17. Emscher Landscape Park, North Ruhr, Germany
  18. 18. GI delivery • Effective delivery requires: – Vision and leadership – Sound policy base – Multi-agency inputs and multi- disciplinary support – Co-ordinated planning, design and management – Funding and resources for acquisition, design, implementation AND LONG- TERM MANAGEMENT
  19. 19. Useful references • Landscape Institute • CABE Space • Natural England • TCPA