Traditional Toys in Modern Times

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Manual for Toys Production- I.P.I.L.I.A.!
LLP Comenius project

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Traditional Toys in Modern Times

  1. 2. SCHOOLS IN THE PROJECT DIREZIONE DIDATTICA STATALE-1° CIRCOLO-“MIMMO BENEVENTANO” Ottaviano – Naples, ITALY DIMOTIKO SHOLEIO VLACHATON Vlachata, Kefallonia, G REECE C.E.I.P. C ASTILLO Q ADRIT Cadrete , Zaragoza, S PAIN G IMNAZIA S PREPODAVANE NA CHUZHDI EZITSI Pleven , B ULGARIA S COALA CU CLASELE I-VIII G ADINTI Gadinti , R OMANIA SZKO L A PODSTAWOWA NR 171 im. STANIS L AWA STASZICA Warszawa Wesoła, POLAND
  2. 3. TRADITIONAL IN MODERN TIMES
  3. 4. Dolls
  4. 5. Paper Dolls BULGARIA National dolls – GIRL and BOY
  5. 6. Copy shapes on a piece of thick paper. Cut the doll’s bod y.
  6. 7. Cut the doll’s clothes .
  7. 8. Stick these clothes on the doll’s body .
  8. 9. Braid hair in pigtails . Stick it on the doll’s head .
  9. 10. Colour hands. Then draw its eyes, mouth and nose .
  10. 11. Fold the skirt and stick at the back. Fold the boy’s trousers and stick at the back.
  11. 12. Paper Dolls POLAND Mazovian dolls – GIRL and BO Y
  12. 13. Copy shapes on a piece of thick paper. Cut the doll’s bod y and clothes.
  13. 14. Make clothes of crepe paper, fabric, plasticine, beads, and coloured paper. Use similar colours. Stick to the shapes.
  14. 15. Make clothes of crepe paper, fabric, plasticine, beads, and coloured paper. Use similar colours. Stick to the shapes.
  15. 16. Paper Dolls ITALY
  16. 17. Print shapes on a piece of thick paper. Cut the doll’s bod y and clothes.
  17. 18. Make your own designs.
  18. 19. Paper Dolls SPAIN Aragonese dolls – GIRL and BO Y
  19. 20. Copy, cut, fold, and play!
  20. 21. Paper Dolls GREECE
  21. 22. Copy, cut, colour, fold, and play!
  22. 23. Paper Dolls ROMANIA Costumes from Roman
  23. 24. Use paper dolls ideas to make your own doll from Neamt county or Roman town.
  24. 25. Folk Barbie Dolls ROMANIA
  25. 26. Make traditional costumes and dress any Barbie dolls.
  26. 27. Other Dolls ITALY GREECE POLAND
  27. 28. <ul><li>A newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Needle </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton thread </li></ul><ul><li>Wadding or wool </li></ul><ul><li>Black buttons </li></ul><ul><li>Felt-tip pen or acrylic colors </li></ul>What you need ITALY
  28. 29. First draw and cut a doll pattern using a newspaper
  29. 30. Put the pattern on the cloth and draw the border lines. Make it two times
  30. 31. Cut them
  31. 32. Next, sew both the body panel and sew the arms and legs pieces together, with right sides facing each other. Then turn the arms and legs right side out. A pencil or a chopstick can be a handy tool to help with pulling them right side out if you have trouble .
  32. 33. Next,sew the arms and the legs
  33. 34. Using black wool prepare long hair
  34. 35. Sew the hair on the top of the head on the center part line
  35. 36. For finishing the face felt paint or emb r o i der. For felt simply use glue. You can easily paint on a face using acrylic paint or some felt-tip pen. You can emb r o i der nose,mouth and then sew two black buttons as eyes.
  36. 37. If you want you can dress the doll
  37. 38. GREECE
  38. 39. What you need to make a face <ul><li>Papier mache paste </li></ul><ul><li>2 Forms for the face </li></ul><ul><li>2 pieces of cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Strong thread, needle </li></ul><ul><li>Wool </li></ul><ul><li>Knife, roll </li></ul><ul><li>sandpaper </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic paints </li></ul><ul><li>sawdust </li></ul>POLAND
  39. 40. Roll papier mache paste between wet pieces of cloth Put over a mould, remove cloth, cover with another mould.
  40. 41. Turn upside down and press hard, remove the top form Cut excessive papier mache paste from all sides
  41. 42. Let it dry, then cut the edges with a sharp knife Smooth with sandpaper and paint the face
  42. 43. Glue the fabric to the face Fill with sawdust, sew and fasten hair. Paint eyes and mouth
  43. 44. Different shapes of dolls. Draw, cut, sew, fill with sawdust. To move sawdust in thin arms or legs use a long thick needle
  44. 45. Enjoy your time making your own doll POLAND
  45. 46. Clay Dolls GREECE
  46. 47. Ancient dolls were made of clay. Here we are making some.
  47. 48. Decorate the shapes and let them dry
  48. 49. Corn Toys
  49. 50. ROMANIA Corn Dolls
  50. 52. POLAND Autumn Toys
  51. 53. <ul><li>Chestnuts, aco r ns </li></ul><ul><li>Ashberries, leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Toothpicks, skewers </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>A knife </li></ul><ul><li>An awl, thick needle or compass </li></ul>What you need
  52. 54. Make holes for toothpicks to join acorns or chestnuts
  53. 55. Join acorns or chestnuts with wooden sticks
  54. 56. Decorate with plasticine, brocade, cotton wool, coloured paper
  55. 57. Windmill G REECE
  56. 58. Draw lines on a square piece of paper , the way you see it below.
  57. 59. Cut the diagonal lines two centimetres away from the center.
  58. 60. We cut 4 lines like these.
  59. 61. Fold the edges one by one and nail them on wood .
  60. 63. Puppets ROMANIA ITALY BULGARIA GREECE SPAIN POLAND
  61. 64. Puppets GREECE
  62. 66. Puppets ROMANIA
  63. 67. Puppets BULGARIA
  64. 68. Puppets ITALY
  65. 69. Puppet Toys POLAND
  66. 70. First draw your design on a thick paper
  67. 71. Cut all parts separately, draw on cardboard, cut again
  68. 72. Paint all the parts and mark holes for strings and joints
  69. 73. Make holes in the body and other parts
  70. 74. F asten with paper clips
  71. 75. Attach strings to let your character move
  72. 77. Ancient City Model POLAND
  73. 78. To make such model you need a piece of cardboard or board or styrofoam for a base and some materials for the city walls and buildings .
  74. 79. Here you can see a variety of materials as paper, cardboard, matches, sticks, wooden boards, styrofoam, plastic, aluminium foil, straw, hay, and other materials
  75. 80. You can use your models and puppets to play , learn and appreciate! WHERE ARE ALL THE PEOPLE? WHAT ARE THEY DOING?
  76. 81. POPIEL IS COMING! THEY ARE WAITING FOR THE PEASANTS! IT IS LATE. LET’S GET READY FOR THE FIGHT!
  77. 82. The Rooster BULGARIA
  78. 83. Copy the patterns twice. Body on yellow paper, bill and crest on red paper and wings on paper of a different colour. Cut the shapes.
  79. 84. Glue the body parts together. Put the bill, the crest and stick between them. Glue the wings. Draw eyes and tail. Don ’t forget to say the rhyme!
  80. 85. Caterpillar ITALY
  81. 86. What you need <ul><li>A green paper </li></ul><ul><li>A cap </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>Felt-tip pens </li></ul><ul><li>A pencil </li></ul><ul><li>A rubber </li></ul><ul><li>A straw </li></ul><ul><li>A thin thread or string </li></ul>
  82. 87. Draw ten circles on the paper using the cap. Then cut the circle. Cut ten pieces of straw not too small (2 cm)
  83. 88. Put every circle on a rubber and push the tip of the pencil on the centre of the circle to m ake a hole.
  84. 89. Now make a node to the string and thread the first circle . T hen put the piece of straw and the second circle and repeat until the end. Make a node to finish.
  85. 90. Draw a smiling face. The caterpillar is ready to eat an apple!
  86. 91. Gymnast BULGARIA
  87. 92. What you need <ul><li>Cardboard with a design </li></ul><ul><li>Small wooden sticks </li></ul><ul><li>A straw for drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul><ul><li>Thread </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>A pencil </li></ul><ul><li>A needle </li></ul>
  88. 93. Draw a line around the shown patterns. Cut them.
  89. 95. Glue them as shown in the picture.
  90. 96. Put the needle with the thread through the elements a s shown. Tie up the thread.
  91. 98. Glue the coloured pattern of legs on the cardboard
  92. 99. Measure the milimeters on the straw and cut it.
  93. 100. Make small holes in the straw as shown.
  94. 101. Put small sticks through the holes and glue together small pieces of paper. Put the needle with thread through the holes as shown in picture 9. Be careful to thread it without crossing. Press together the sticks endings below the straw and watch the gymnast performance.
  95. 102. Puzzle ITALY
  96. 103. What you need <ul><li>A thin sponge </li></ul><ul><li>A sheet of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>Felt-tip pens </li></ul><ul><li>A pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul>
  97. 104. Make a drawing as big as the size of the sponge. Colour it with strong colours. Glue it on the sponge.
  98. 105. On the bottom of the sponge draw the lines as the ones for a puzzle.
  99. 106. Cut to obtain the pieces of the puzzle.
  100. 107. Folk Toys POLAND
  101. 108. What you need <ul><li>Foam – light material made of foam between two cardboards </li></ul><ul><li>A bookbinder cutter </li></ul><ul><li>Paper-clips or wire </li></ul><ul><li>Pliers and pincers to cut and form wire </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic paints </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul>
  102. 109. Make a drawing and cut the forms for the body and parts.
  103. 110. Draw the form on foam and cut.
  104. 111. Paint all the parts .
  105. 112. Join the parts with glue or wire .
  106. 113. Now play and appreciate!
  107. 114. The Horse BULGARIA
  108. 115. Cut the shape of the head twice. Paint and pin the head to a thick, long wooden stick. Pretend to ride a horse.
  109. 116. Pottery-pipe Barduche BULGARIA
  110. 117. Barduche is filled with water and you blow through a small opening. You can hear very interesting sounds – such as bird singing.
  111. 119. Trace the shapes on paper and draw traditional Bulgarian patterns. Colour the jugs.
  112. 121. Boats
  113. 122. Paper Ship ITALY
  114. 123. What you need <ul><li>Two wooden clips for hanging clothes </li></ul><ul><li>One big toothpick or skewer </li></ul><ul><li>A white sheet of paper </li></ul><ul><li>Felt-tip pens </li></ul><ul><li>A pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul>
  115. 124. Take off the metal piece from the clip. Glue together the smooth parts. You can colour the parts. Cut a small sail using the white sheet of paper. You can decorate it.
  116. 125. Using the toothpick make a hole in the bottom of the sail and let it pass through and then a hole on the top. Glue the toothpick in the centre of the ship. Now try to sail the ship in the water!
  117. 126. Ships made of Pine Bark POLAND
  118. 127. What you need <ul><li>A piece of pine bark </li></ul><ul><li>A sharp knife </li></ul><ul><li>A piece of cloth or paper </li></ul><ul><li>Some plasticine </li></ul><ul><li>Skewers </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul><ul><li>Paint and anything to decorate your boat </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul>
  119. 128. Cut the shape of your ship with a knife. Use a piece of pine bark. Remove some bark inside
  120. 129. Cut the sails. Use cloth or paper.
  121. 130. Make a hole in the bark to put the sticks as masts. Glue them or fasten with plasticine. Fill with plasticine to balance the ship.
  122. 131. Play with your ship after rain in a puddle!
  123. 132. The Walnut Boat SPAIN
  124. 133. <ul><li>MATERIALS: </li></ul><ul><li>Nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Corks </li></ul><ul><li>Plasticine </li></ul><ul><li>Short sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Paint brushes </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul>
  125. 134. BOAT 1 Colour the corks and let them dry. Cut out a triangle of clothe and colour it. Fix the cork, the stick and the clothe. It is ready to sail! BOAT 2 Take the rind of half a nut and fill it with the plasticine. Cut out a triangle of clothe and colour it. Fix the rind, the stick and the clothe. It is ready to sail!
  126. 135. Sound toy μαράκες G REECE
  127. 136. Use an aluminum can of biscuits or a soft drink , put some seeds in it (e.g. rice , lentils , beans etc) and attach a wooden handle on it.
  128. 137. Then , wrap it in paper and decorate it .
  129. 138. Sound toy rattle G REECE
  130. 139. Put a nail on a wooden stick and fasten a string with a little bell on it.
  131. 140. Do the same again until you have put about 4 to five little bells .
  132. 142. Sound Toy Zambomba SPAIN
  133. 143.   It consists of a bottomless receptacle elongated in whose mouth tightens skin membrane with a rod at its centre. As with other folk instruments, there is tremendous variety in size, shape and materials. <ul><li>MATERIALS </li></ul><ul><li>container (tin, pot, clay pot) </li></ul><ul><li>papery skin </li></ul><ul><li>reed </li></ul><ul><li>string lists </li></ul><ul><li>r od </li></ul><ul><li>bolts or pins </li></ul><ul><li>paper to decorate the can. </li></ul>TOOLS Cutter files.
  134. 144. Cane (dried, peeled and sanded joints) of about 0.8 cm wide by 20 - 30cm long, and just cut a knot, leaving the bottom closed down hubs, these rods are found abundantly along rivers and streams.
  135. 145. The container – a clay pot or an old vase or other material as a tin can. From about 15 to 20 cm. mouth. We stave carefully, especially if it's clay, but enough with some holes. It is better to have more space for sound output. In the case of the can it is not necessary, just place inside a circle of cardboard.
  136. 146. Decorate the pot or can .
  137. 147. We introduce the skin in cold water for two hours when it is soft, place the bottom end of the rod in the centre and tie tightly with a thin rope through the bottom skin thickening around the knot so that it is well fixed but without piercing the skin with the cane. After that it is necessary to cross it with a pin (in this case must be made in advance a very fine hole with a drill) or with a few pins. The skin about 25 cm diameter (bigger than the mouth of the container). We can get from buying a Christmas tambourines patch of skin and dismounting. Some musical instruments stores also sell them but are usually more expensive.
  138. 148. Stretch the still wet skin over the mouth of the container and fastened with a strong rubber (someone can help us as we tie two or three turns of rope around his mouth) and pull the skin on its ends to achieve the greatest tension to remove wrinkles as possible (no matter if there is any). There are several more rounds of rope until it is tightly bound
  139. 149. We remove the rubber and cut the remains of two or three cm skin below the bond and let it dry. The next day we can play the “zambomba” rubbing the rod with wet hands.
  140. 150. Sound T oy Τ he R ain P ipe G REECE
  141. 151. Take the inside cylinder of kitchen paper or a cylindrical box of chips and pierce it with awls for cooking meat.
  142. 152. Pierce it with as many awls as possible and then cut the edges that come out of the cylinder.
  143. 153. Close one side of the cylinder and put a handful of seeds inside it (e.g. rice , lentils , beans , corn). Then close the other end.
  144. 154. Finally , decorate the exterior.
  145. 155. When you move it , it will reproduce the sound of rain.
  146. 156. Sound Toy Kołatka POLAND
  147. 157. Take a small board and a stick.
  148. 158. Make a hole in the middle of the board. Put the stick to the hole .
  149. 159. Fasten another, smaller ‘hammer’ and attach it to the big one as in the picture. Now shake it and make a knocking sound.
  150. 160. Plasticine Toys SPAIN
  151. 163. Train G REECE
  152. 164. We put two packets of cigarettes one on top of the other and we wrap them in paper to make a train carriage.
  153. 165. We stick a piece of wire on one side to connect the carriages .
  154. 166. We connect the carriages.
  155. 167. We put the train engine in front of the wagons and we draw windows and doors on the wagons.
  156. 169. Train ROMANIA
  157. 170. Cut the shapes printed on cardboard, fold along the lines and glue to make a train.
  158. 171. Traditional Toys SPAIN
  159. 175. A Snake that Bites Its All SPAIN
  160. 176. <ul><li>MATERIALS: </li></ul><ul><li>The body of the snake (it can be made of thick card) </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes (you can draw them if you don’t have stickers) </li></ul><ul><li>A ring </li></ul><ul><li>Sandpaper (only if it is a wooden snake) </li></ul><ul><li>Thread </li></ul><ul><li>Felt tip pens </li></ul>
  161. 177. Sand the parts made of wood. Colour the snake and the ring with felt tip pens. Stick the parts of the body with glue. Stick or draw the eyes.
  162. 178. Now it is ready to play!!! Now you have got the snake. Match the snake’s tail with the ring using the thread.
  163. 179. Coloured Top ITALY
  164. 181. First draw a circle on a thick paper
  165. 182. Cut the circle
  166. 183. Make coloured dots on the circle
  167. 184. Fix a pencil in the centre and turn to see the colours
  168. 185. Kite G REECE
  169. 186. We create a regular hexagon using canes and strings.
  170. 187. We cut and decorate a piece of paper .
  171. 189. Then we stick the paper round the hexagon, leaving the canes out.
  172. 190. We cut sheets of newspapers and we put them together fixing the tail of the kite.
  173. 191. We put strings to shape and a pyramid of strings to hold the kite. (each side equal with the ray of the circle),
  174. 192. We put strings to shape a regular triangle for the tail (each side equal with the ray of the circle)
  175. 194. The Fishing Game SPAIN
  176. 195. What you need <ul><li>Crayons, felt tip pens,… </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>Paper clips </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks (1 for each child) </li></ul><ul><li>Magnets </li></ul><ul><li>String </li></ul><ul><li>Handouts with pictures of sea animals (1 for each child) </li></ul>
  177. 196. Print shapes of different kinds of sea creatures. Paint them or decorate as you wish.
  178. 197. Cut out the animals very carefully. Protect with plastic. Attach one paper clip to each animal .
  179. 198. Tie the string to the stick and to the magnet to make a fishing rod. You are ready to go fishing !!
  180. 199. Catch the Ball SPAIN
  181. 200. “ METE LA BOLITA” GAME (Bottle) <ul><li>Materials: </li></ul><ul><li>Empty plastic bottles (1 for each pupil) </li></ul><ul><li>Thin colourful papers </li></ul><ul><li>String </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>Silver foil </li></ul>
  182. 201. Instructions: An adult has to cut very carefully the bottle with a cutter. We need the upper part of the bottle. Cut stripes of colourful papers. Stick the papers to the bottle with glue and decorate it. Make a ball with a piece of silver foil. Make sure that the string remains inside the ball!! Open the bottle and put the string inside. Then close the bottle. Now you can play!!!
  183. 202. Balls G REECE
  184. 204. Clay Balls G REECE
  185. 205. Make the balls from clay and leave them to harden or bake in the oven.
  186. 206. Eco Toys SPAIN
  187. 210. Eco Toys POLAND
  188. 211. Use any recycling materials
  189. 215. Play, Learn, Appreciate!

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