Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Festive Cook Book


Published on

LLP Comenius 2008-2010 - I Play, I Learn, I Appreciate - Festive Cook Book

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Festive Cook Book

  1. 1. COMENIUS PARTNERSHIPS Foreign Language School, Bulgaria Colegio de Educación Infantil y Primaria Castillo Qadrit, España Szkoła Podstawowa Nr 171 im. Stanisława Staszica, Polonia I Circolo Didattico "Mimmo Beneventano", Italia Secondary School Gadinti, Rumania Δημοτικό σχολείο Βλαχάτων, Grecia COOK BOOK I play, I learn, I appreciate! 2009-2010
  2. 2. INDEX KITCHEN RULES…………………………………………………………………Pg.3 KITCHEN EQUIPMENT…………………………………………………………..Pg.5 PICTURE GLOSSARY……………………………………………………………Pg.8 CHRISTMAS RECIPES: Bulgaria…………………………………………………………….……..Pg. 12 Greece………………………………………………………………..…..Pg. 22 Italy………………………………………………………………………..Pg. 32 Poland…………………………………………………………………….Pg. 38 Rumania………………………………………………………………….Pg. 46 Spain……………………………………………………………….……..Pg. 49 CARNIVAL RECIPES: Bulgaria…………………………………………………………….……..Pg. 57 Greece………………………………………………………………..…..Pg. 73 Italy………………………………………………………………………..Pg. 75 Poland…………………………………………………………………….Pg. 81 Rumania………………………………………………………………….Pg. 85 Spain……………………………………………………………….……..Pg. 87 EASTER RECIPES: Bulgaria…………………………………………………………….……..Pg. 91 Greece………………………………………………………………..…..Pg. 108 Italy………………………………………………………………………..Pg. 112 Poland…………………………………………………………………….Pg. 116 Rumania…………………………………………………………………..Pg. 119 Spain……………………………………………………………….……..Pg. 123
  3. 3. KITCHEN RULES Before you start cooking, wash your hands, roll up your sleeves and put on an apron. When you are cooking on top of the cooker, turn the saucepan handles to the side, so you don’t knock them. Always wear oven gloves when picking up anything hot, or when putting things into or taking them out of the oven. Collect all the ingredients together. Weigh the dry ingredients and measure the liquid ones in a measuring jug . Check the recipe as you do this, to make sure that you have everything you need and know what to do. Be very careful with sharp knives. Hold them with theblade pointing downwards and use a chopping board.
  4. 4. When you are stirring fook in a pan, use a wooden spoon and hold the pan firmly by the handle. Whenever you find it difficult to do something or have to handle hot things, ask an adult to help you. Always make sure your hands are dry before you plug in or disconnect an electric gadget, such as a blender. When you are cooking on top of the cooker, turn the saucepan handles to the side, so you don’t knock them. Have a space ready for hot things. Put them on a mat or a wooden board, not straight on to a table or work surface. When you are cooking on top of the cooker, turn the saucepan handles to the side, so you don’t knock them.
  6. 8. PICTURE GLOSSARY DICING. It is cut into small cubes. To dice a vegetable, cut it in thin strips and then, slice through them to make small cubes. SLECING. To slice vegetables, hold them firmly on a chopping board and slice downwards. CHOPPING HERBS. To chop fresh herbs, bunch the stalks together and hold them down on the board while you slice the leaves finely. GRATING CHEESE. Hold the grater down firmly on a chopping board and rub the cheese downwards against the grater. SIFTING. To sift flour or icing sugar, shake it through a sieve. This gets rid of lumps and makes it light and airy. CREAMING. To cream butter and sugar together, mix them in a bowl and beat them together until the mixture drops off the spoon easily.
  7. 9. DOUGH. It is a thick mixture made mainly of flour, before it has been cooked. KNEADING. To knead dough, fold it and punch it down, then turn it round and keep doing the same thing until the dough is smooth and stretchy. BLENDING. It means mixing ingredients together in a blender. BEATING. To beat something, stir it hard. SEASONING. When you season food, you add salt, pepper, spices, or herbs to it.
  8. 10. BAKING. To bake is to cook in an oven. GRILLING. To grill fook, you cook it quickly at a high temperature under a grill. FRYING. To fry fook, cook it in hot fat or oil until it is brown and crisp. GREASING A TIN. To grease a baking tin, rub it with butter, oil, or lard. This stops fook from sticking to it. BOILING. Boiling means cooking in water that is boiling (bubbling fiercely)
  9. 11. <ul><li>CHRISTMAS RECIPES </li></ul>
  10. 12. CHRISTMAS PASTRY RINGS Ingredients: 200 grams all-purpose flour 140 grams butter 100 grams granulated sugar 2 eggs A pinch of baking powder Grated lemon zest or vanilla extract
  11. 13. Directions 1.Knead the dough. 2. Roll out until it is 0.5 cm thick 3. With a small or big glass, cut circles. 4. Brush with egg white, sprinkle with granulated sugar and chopped walnuts. Bake at a low temperature.
  12. 14. Cookies Ingredients: 200 grams granulated sugar 5 eggs 150 grams butter 250 grams yoghurt 1 teaspoon baking soda 1kg all-purpose flour
  13. 15. 1.Beat eggs and sugar Directions 2. Add the remaining ingredients in the order they are given 3. Shape dough into balls, brush with yolk and sprinkle with sugar. Bake at a medium heat.
  14. 16. Vanilla Christmas Cookies Ingredients 200 grams butter 150 grams all-purpose flour 50 grams granulated sugar 80 grams ground walnuts 1 teaspoon vanilla sugar (vanillin) Caster sugar
  15. 17. 1. Add all of the ingredients to a large mixing bowl and knead until dough forms . Let dough rest for 20 min. Directions 2.Roll out a thin sheet of pastry and cut out different figures 3. Put them in a greased baking tray and bake for about 10 minutes. Sprinkle with caster sugar while still warm.
  16. 18. Pumpkin-pastry Ingredients 1 packet filo pastry 1kg pumpkin 1 cup sugar 100 grams chopped walnuts 2 teaspoons Cinnamon 1 cup oil
  17. 19. 1. Grate the pumpkin . 2. Add the sugar, the chopped walnuts and cinnamon 3 . Put the first filo sheet into your tray and spread the mixture, sparingly put oil over this sheet and keep repeating this step until all your filo pastry has been used.
  18. 20. Dried fruit Ingredients 200 grams Dried fruit- apples, pears, plums, cherry, apricots 100 grams sugar A pinch of cinnamon 2-3 cloves
  19. 21. 1. Soak the fruit for about 1-2 hours 2. Boil fruit in water until tender Then add sugar, cloves and a pinch of cinnamon . Bon appétit !
  20. 22. Kourabiedes Κουραμπιέδες <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>2 cup σ of butter </li></ul><ul><li>½ a cup of castor sugar </li></ul><ul><li>a little vanilla </li></ul><ul><li>1 teacup of white roughly-cut almonds </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 cups of flour </li></ul><ul><li>Rosewater </li></ul><ul><li>Castor sugar for sprinkling </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά </li></ul><ul><li>2 κούπες βούτυρο </li></ul><ul><li>½ κούπας ζάχαρη άχνη </li></ul><ul><li>Λίγη βανίλια </li></ul><ul><li>1 κούπα ασπισμένα αμύγδαλα </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 κούπες αλεύρι </li></ul><ul><li>Ανθόνερο </li></ul><ul><li>Ζάχαρη άχνη για το άλειμμα </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>Mix the butter with the sugar in the mixer until they double and become white. Add 2 cups of flour, the vanilla and the almonds. Knead them a little, adding as much flour as needed in order for the blend not to stick to the fingers. Make crescents, stars or other shapes from the blend and then put them in a large baking-tin. Bake the kourambiedes at 175oC for about 4 0’, until they become rosy-hued. As soon as they are out of the oven, put them carefully on oil paper that is sprinkled with castor sugar. If you want , sprinkle them with rosewater . </li></ul><ul><li>Sieve a lot of castor sugar on them until you cover them completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Χτυπάμε το βούτυρο με τη ζάχαρη στο μίξερ μέχρι ν’ ασπρίσουν. </li></ul><ul><li>Προσθέτουμε 2 κούπες αλεύρι, τη βανίλια και τα’ αμύγδαλα. Τα χτυπάμε λίγο και προσθέτουμε όσο αλεύρι χρειάζεται ώστε η ζύμη να μην κολλάει στα δάχτυλα. </li></ul><ul><li>Πλάθουμε διάφορα σχέδια και τα τοποθετούμε σ’ ένα ταψί. </li></ul><ul><li>Ψήνουμε τους κουραμπιέδες στους 175 o C για 40` , μέχρι να ροδίσουν ελαφρά. </li></ul><ul><li>Όταν τους βγάλουμε από το φούρνο, τους τοποθετούμε σ΄ένα λαδόχαρτο και κοσκινίζουμε πάνω τους την άχνη. Αν θέλετε, τους ραντίζετε με το ανθόνερο. </li></ul><ul><li>Τους καλύπτουμε εντελώς με τη ζάχαρη άχνη. </li></ul>
  22. 24. VASILOPIT Α B ασιλόπιτα <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>½ kilo hard flour </li></ul><ul><li>½ teaspoon of salt </li></ul><ul><li>50gr of fresh barm or 2 teaspoons of dry barm </li></ul><ul><li>½ a cup of butter </li></ul><ul><li>¾ cups of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1 spoon of orange scrapings </li></ul><ul><li>1 spoon of lemon scrapings </li></ul><ul><li>½ cup of hot milk </li></ul><ul><li>3 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>1 yolk for spreading </li></ul><ul><li>half almonds for spreading or sesame </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά: </li></ul><ul><li>½ αλεύρι σκληρό </li></ul><ul><li>½ κουταλάκι αλάτι </li></ul><ul><li>50 γρ. φράσκια μαγιά ή 2 κουταλάκια ξερή </li></ul><ul><li>½ ποτήρι βούτυρο </li></ul><ul><li>¾ ποτήρι ζάχαρη </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλιά ξύσμα πορτοκαλιού </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλιά ξύσμα λεμονιού </li></ul><ul><li>½ ποτήρι γάλα </li></ul><ul><li>3 αυγά </li></ul><ul><li>1 κρόκο για το άλειμμα </li></ul><ul><li>Αμύγδαλα ή σουσάμι </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Mix the flour with the salt. </li></ul><ul><li>Melt the barm at 4 spoons of hot water (40oC). </li></ul><ul><li>Add 1-2 spoons of flour to become a pulp, and leave it for 10’ until it makes bubbles. </li></ul><ul><li>Melt the butter and heat it well. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the sugar and the flavourings in a big bowl, add the hot milk and mix with a spoon. </li></ul><ul><li>Add the eggs and mix with your fingers. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the barn in it and mix all of them with your fingers, without kneading it. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the flour in three doses, kneading it softly, to be united with the rest of the ingredients. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking some hot butter in your hands, throw it on the blend and fold it many times, without kneading it, until all the butter is used. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t expect all the butter to be absorbed; it will be absorbed as the blend rises. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover the blend and leave it in a hot place for about an hour to double. </li></ul><ul><li>Push it to deflate. </li></ul><ul><li>Make one large round vasilopita or some smaller ones, as many as the family members ( in that case you must put the coin in one of them). </li></ul><ul><li>Cover a small coin in aluminium foil and put it in the blend. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover them and leave them to double for about 30’. </li></ul><ul><li>Mix a yolk with some water and spread the mix on the vasilopita.. </li></ul><ul><li>Decorate it with almonds or throw a little sesame on it. </li></ul><ul><li>Bake it at 200oC for about 3 0’. </li></ul><ul><li>When it is cool, cover it with a plastic film in order not to dry. </li></ul>Εκτέλεση: Αναμιγνύουμε το αλεύρι με το αλάτι Διαλύουμε τη μαγιά σε 4 κουταλιές χλιαρό νερό. Προσθέτουμε 1-2 κουταλιές αλεύρι και την αφήνουμε 10` μέχρι να κάνει φουσκάλες. Ζεσταίνουμε το βούτυρο να λιώσει. Βάζουμε σ’ ένα μεγάλο μπολ τη ζάχαρη, τα αρώματα και το ζεστό γάλα και τα ανακατεύουμε μ’ ένα κουτάλι. Προσθέτουμε τ’ αυγά και ανακατεύουμε με τα δάχτυλά μας. Ρίχνουμε και τη μαγιά και ανακατεύουμε απαλά. Βάζουμε το αλεύρι σε 3 δόσεις, ανακατεύοντας ελαφρά μέχρι να ενωθεί με τα υπόλοιπα υλικά. Παίρνουμε το βούτυρο λίγο – λίγο στα χέρια μας, το βάζουμε στη ζύμη και τη διπλώνουμε πολλές φορές ώσπου να βάλουμε όλο το βούτυρο. Μην περιμένετε ν’ απορροφηθεί όλο, αυτό θα γίνει καθώς φουσκώνει. Σκεπάζουμε τη ζύμη και την αφήνουμε σε ζεστό μέρος μέχρι να διπλασιαστεί σε όγκο. Την πιέζουμε να ξεφουσκώσει.] Φτιάχνουμε μια στρογγυλή βασιλόπιτα ή πολλές (όσα είναι τα μέλη της οικογένειας). Τυλίγουμε με αλουμινόχαρτο ένα νόμισμα και το βάζουμε στη ζύμη. Σκεπάζουμε τη βασιλόπιτα και την αφήνουμε να διπλασιαστεί σε όγκο, περίπου 30`. Αναμιγνύουμε ένα κρόκο με λίγο νερό και το απλώνουμε πάνω στη βασιλόπιτα. Τη διακοσμούμε με αμύγδαλα ή σουσάμι. Την ψήνουμε στους 200ο C για περίπου 30`. Όταν κρυώσει, την καλύπτουμε με πλαστική μεμβράνη για να μη ξεραθεί.
  24. 26. DIPLES ΔΙΠΛΕΣ <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>2 eggs and 4 yolks </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of baking powder </li></ul><ul><li>4 spoons of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>2 spoons of oil </li></ul><ul><li>4 spoons of orange juice </li></ul><ul><li>Lemon scrapings </li></ul><ul><li>A little salt </li></ul><ul><li>Flour as much as needed </li></ul><ul><li>A little cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>Finely cut nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά </li></ul><ul><li>2 αυγά και 4 κρόκους </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλάκι μπέκιν πάουντερ </li></ul><ul><li>4 κουταλιές ζάχαρη </li></ul><ul><li>2 κουταλιές λάδι </li></ul><ul><li>4 κουταλιές χυμό πορτοκαλιού </li></ul><ul><li>Ξύσμα λεμονιού </li></ul><ul><li>Λίγο αλάτι </li></ul><ul><li>Κανέλα </li></ul><ul><li>Τριμμένο καρύδι </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Beat the eggs with the sugar in the mixer for 10’. </li></ul><ul><li>Add the oil, the orange juice, the baking powder, the scrapings and the salt. </li></ul><ul><li>Add flour until they all become a blend. </li></ul><ul><li>Take some of the blend and make a thin layer. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut it in stripes and put them in a boiling tin of hot oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat the frying process until all the blend has finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Boil the ingredients for the syrup together for 10’. </li></ul><ul><li>After all the diples have been fried pour the syrup on them. </li></ul><ul><li>Sprinkle them with more cinnamon and nuts if you want. </li></ul>Εκτέλεση Χτυπάμε τα’ αυγά με τη ζάχαρη στο μίξερ για 10` Προσθέτουμε το λάδι, τοπορτοκάλι, το μπέκιν πάουντρ, το ξύσμα και το αλάτι. Προσθέτουμε το αλεύρι μέχρι να γίνει μια μαλακή ζύμη. Παίρνουμε ένα μέρος της ζύμης και το ανοίγουμε σε λεπτό φύλλο. Το κόβουμε σε κομμάτια. Επαναλαμβάνουμε τη διαδικασία μέχρι να τελειώσει η ζύμη. Βράζουμε τα υλικά για το σιρόπι για 10` Τηγανίζουμε τις δίπλες σε ζεστό λάδι και μετά τις περιχύνουμε με το σιρόπι. Τις πασπαλίζουμε με κανέλα και τριμμένο καρύδι, αν θέλουμε.
  26. 28. LOUCOUMADES Λουκουμάδες <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup of lukewarm water (40oC) </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup lukewarm milk (40oC) </li></ul><ul><li>60 gr. of fresh barn or 2 small packets of dry barn </li></ul><ul><li>1 spoon of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of salt </li></ul><ul><li>4 spoons of olive oil </li></ul><ul><li>3 ¼ cups of flour </li></ul><ul><li>Trimming </li></ul><ul><li>Honey </li></ul><ul><li>Cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>Finely cut nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά </li></ul><ul><li>1 κούπα χλιαρό νερό </li></ul><ul><li>1κούπα χλιαρό γάλα </li></ul><ul><li>60γρ. Φρέσκια μαγι.α ή 2 φακελάκια ξερή </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλιά ζάχαρη </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλάκι αλάτι </li></ul><ul><li>4 κουταλιές ελαιόλαδο </li></ul><ul><li>3 ¼ κούπες αλεύρι </li></ul><ul><li>Μέλι </li></ul><ul><li>Κανέλα </li></ul><ul><li>τριμμένο καρύδι </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Mix the barn with the lukewarm water. </li></ul><ul><li>Mix the rest of the ingredients together. </li></ul><ul><li>Mix the 2 blends together. </li></ul><ul><li>Leave them for about an hour in a warm place until they are almost double in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Put oil in a boiling tin and heat it. </li></ul><ul><li>Dip a spoon in water, take some of the blend forming a round ball and put it in the hot oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat until the tin has got enough loukoumades. </li></ul><ul><li>Let them fry until they are rosy-hued. </li></ul><ul><li>Take them out in a dish and put more loukoumades in the hot oil until the whole blend has finished. </li></ul><ul><li>When they are all ready, put them in a large dish. </li></ul><ul><li>Sprinkle them with honey, cinnamon and nuts. </li></ul><ul><li>Εκτέλεση </li></ul><ul><li>Ανακατεύουμε τη μαγιά με το χλιαρό νερό . </li></ul><ul><li>Ανακατεύουμε τα υπόλοιπα υλικά μαζί. Προσθέτουμε τη μαγιά. </li></ul><ul><li>Αφήνουμε το μίγμα για 1 ώρα περίπου σε ζεστό μέρος, μέχρι να διπλασιαστεί σε όγκο </li></ul><ul><li>Βάζουμε μπόλικο λάδι σ’ ένα τηγάνι να ζεσταθεί. Βουτάμε ένα κουταλάκι στο νερό, παίρνουμε λίγη ζύμη σαν ένα μπαλάκι και το ρίχνουμε στο ζεστό λάδι. </li></ul><ul><li>Τα περιχύνουμε με μέλι, κανέλα και τριμμένο καρύδι. </li></ul>
  28. 30. MELOMAKARONA ΜΕΛΟΜΑΚΑΡΟΝΑ <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>1 ½ cup of olive oil * </li></ul><ul><li>½ cooking fat </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>¾ orange juice </li></ul><ul><li>¼ cup of brandy </li></ul><ul><li>2 teaspoons of orange scrapings </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of soda </li></ul><ul><li>8 cups of flour </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά </li></ul><ul><li>1 ½ ποτήρι ελαιόλαδο </li></ul><ul><li>½ ποτήρι βούτυρο </li></ul><ul><li>1 ποτήρι ζάχαρη </li></ul><ul><li>¼ κονιάκ </li></ul><ul><li>2 κουταλιές ξύσμα πορτοκαλιού </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλιά σόδα </li></ul><ul><li>8 ποτήρια αλεύρι </li></ul>
  29. 31. <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Put the first 6 ingredients in the mixer or the blender and set it in the fast speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sieve the flour, the soda and the baking powder in a big bowl. </li></ul><ul><li>Open a hole in the centre and add the first blend, the liquid, to the second. </li></ul><ul><li>Getting little by little the flour from around, mix it with the liquid and knead softly. </li></ul><ul><li>Make shapes with the blend, put them in a big baking tin and bake them at 175oC for about 30’ until they are rosy hued. </li></ul><ul><li>In the meantime, prepare the syrup. </li></ul><ul><li>Boil the honey, the sugar and the water for 5’, remove the foam and pour the melomakarona with it as soon as they are out of the oven. </li></ul><ul><li>When they have absorbed the syrup, turn them upside down and leave them until they are cool. </li></ul><ul><li>Mix the nuts, the cinnamon and the cloves. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn the melomakarona upside down one by one again, and as their surface has lots of honey, sprinkle them with nuts and place them on a big dish. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover them with a plastic film. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be preserved for a month outside the fridge. </li></ul><ul><li>Εκτέλεση </li></ul><ul><li>Βάζουμε τα 6 πρώτα υλικά στο μίξερ να αναμειχθούν στη γρήγορη ταχύτητα </li></ul><ul><li>Ανακατεύουμε το αλεύρι, τη σόδα και το μπέκιν πάουντερ σε ένα μεγάλο μπολ. </li></ul><ul><li>Ανοίγουμε στο κέντρο μια τρύπα και ρίχνουμε το μίγμα. </li></ul><ul><li>Παίρνουμε λίγο λίγο το αλεύρι από τις άκρες και το αναμιγνύουμε ελαφρά. </li></ul><ul><li>Πλάθουμε τα μελομακάρονα, τα βάζουμε σ’ ένα ταψί και τα ψήνουμε στους 175 ο C για 30` περίπου, μέχρι να ροδίσουν. </li></ul><ul><li>Βράζουμε το μέλι, τη ζάχαρη και το νερό για 5`, βγάζουμε τον αφρό και βουτάμε μέσα τα μελομακάρονα όταν ψηθούν. </li></ul><ul><li>Όταν απορροφήσουν αρκετό σιρόπι, τα γυρνάμε απ’ όλες τις μεριές και τα αφήνουμε να κρυώσουν. </li></ul><ul><li>Ανακατεύουμε τα καρύδια, την κανέλα και το γαρύφαλλο σκόνη. </li></ul><ul><li>Γυρίζουμε πάλι τα μελομακάρονα, και όπως είναι μελωμένα,τα πασπαλίζουμε με το μίγμα του καρυδιού και τα τοποθετούμε σε πιατέλα. </li></ul><ul><li>Τα καλύπτουμε με πλαστική μεμβράνη </li></ul>
  30. 32. STRUFFOLI The name of this cake comes from the greek word &quot;strongulos&quot; which means round body (not by chance struffoli are a kind of balls of dough). Ingredients for 10 people: 400 g flour 4 eggs 50 g butter 1 small glass of aniseed liqueur 1 pinch of salt oil for frying 1 jar of honey at least 500 g 100 g candied orange peel 100 g candied citron peel 50 g candied pumpkin peel (I fear that unless you go to Naples ... where is called &quot;cocozza&quot;) 100 g of small multicolored sweets called &quot;chilli&quot; ( &quot;Codette&quot; at the supermarket) 50 g of &quot;Cannellini&quot; that is oblong sweets with inside a layer of cinnamon
  31. 33. Procedure: Mix the flour with the butter, eggs and salt until dough is worthy of the name. Add the glass of anise. Place the dough in a corner of the table pastaiolo (wooden board or marble surface) and you need to reduce the dough in a shape of a long bread stick, and that is always keep your hands and work plan floured work. Cut the &quot;breadsticks&quot; in long pieces about 1 centimeter. When you finish this operation , pour the oil in a pan or pot high or high-basket fryer, turn on the stove and heat to frying temperature, in the meantime put the paper towel in a bowl. When the oil is ready, add a handful of struffoli, the most of those that cover the bottom of the container of fry. And let them become golden not brown. Be careful at this point the oil in contact with the flour creates foam that can overflowing, I advise you to &quot;break the bubbles” of foam with a skimmer or equip yourself a fan and ventilate the surface of the pot, or other means to fry that have included. Take out the struffoli with a skimmer or basket and put them in a bowl on the paper towel, repeat the above operations by putting on several layers of paper towels. Take a large pot, pour in the honey and two spoons of water and put everything on the stove over a medium heat. Turn right honey with a wooden spoon until it is completely melted and very hot. Pour in all struffoli and turn it over low heat until they are well soaked in honey, do not expect that absorb all the honey, only the surface of impregnated them. Take the plates or platter, put a glass jar in the middle, put the pot of struffoli around the jar. Put the chilli, the cannellini and the candy. When struffoli are cool, gently remove the jar from the center. You got the typical form of this amazing Christmas cake of the Neapolitan tradition.
  32. 34. ROCCOCO’ The Roccocò  are typical Neapolitan cookies. They are baked and have a rounded shape similar to that of a squashed donut. They are particularly hard biscuits so they can be softened by dipping in vermouth, in sparkling white wine or marsala. Ingredients for 10 people 1 kg. flour 800 gr. sugar 400 gr. almonds (or nuts) the peel of two oranges cut into cubes two pinches of vanillin 40 gr.  spices (Pisto = cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg ...) 3 gr. Ammonia powder (Buy it in the pharmacy saying that it is to make a cake) a glass of water –liquor ( if you like)
  33. 35. Place all the ingredients on the table pastaiolo (wooden board or marble surface) except the almonds and mix the ingredients Then add the almonds and with the help of water and drink blend.   Divide the dough into loaves main Rolled up and form a&quot;donut“ Put a sheet of greaseproof paper on a baking pan,and lay down the biscuits slightly crushed.   Brush with egg yolk the top of the Roccocò and bake at 160 ° for about 15 minutes (Check them . They should be ready when they will be golden) Procedure:
  34. 36. SUSAMIELLI Originally called sesamielli, since they were covered with sesame seeds. Someone calls them &quot;sapienze&quot;, the name apparently derives from the nuns who belonged to the order of the monastery of Sapienza. So the shape of the letter &quot;S&quot; satisfies both names Ingredients: - Flour 250 gr - Honey 250 gr - Sugar gr100 - Almonds 100 gr - Cubes of candied orange peel, pumpkin peel and citron peel - &quot;Track&quot; of cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg - A dash of ammonia (for the cake, of course)
  35. 37. Procedure: Mix almonds, cubes of pumpkin “Cocozza”, cedar and candied orange peel (all chopped into small pieces) with flour and a dash of ammonia. Heat the honey and add it to the flour , stir the mixture once with a wooden spoon, later, when it is a bit cold, mix and work with the hands as quickly as possible. Knead the dough until this becomes homogeneous. Make sticks about 2 cm in diameter and 12 cm. length and folded them giving it the shape of an &quot;S&quot;. Crush them slightly and on each pass wet fingers. Bake at 170 degrees for 15-20 minutes.
  36. 38. 100 g margarine 500 g flour 250 g honey 125 g sugar 1 heaped spoonfuls cocoa 1 egg 1 tsp baking powder 1 tsp spices: cinnamon, cloves , kardamom, ginger, piment pinch of salt 2 egg whites 250 g powdered sugar 1 tsp starch 1 tsp lemon juice
  37. 39. W arm f at, honey, sugar, spices and cocoa in a pot – don’t boil. Then cool well. Put flour, egg, baking powder and salt to a bowl. Add the mixture. Knead the dough. Cool in a fridge for 1 hour. Roll out the dough with the rolling pin. Cut shapes with cutters or make own shapes. Bake for 10 minutes in the 200 C oven. Cool. Keep ginger cakes for 2 weeks in a tin box. FROSTING Put all ingredients into a bowl and mix well until fluffy. Add some colour if you like. Decorate the cakes.
  38. 40. 150 g honey 300 g sugar 400 g flour 50 g butter 1 egg 2 tsp. baking soda rum flavour ground spices 1 tsp cloves 1 tsp cinnamon ½ tsp piment some dried fruit, raisins, orange peel, nuts and almonds to add and to decorate the top TOPPING 100 g sugar 2 tbsp milk 80 g margarine 2 tbsp natural cocoa
  39. 41. Grease the form and sprinkle some breadcrumbs over the fat. Pour the batter. Bake in a 175 degree oven. TOPPING Put s ugar, milk, margarine and cocoa into a pot. Heat and boil slowly until thick. Remove from heat and pour over the cake. Decorate the cake quickly when the topping is hot. Put 200 g sugar in a pot and melt the sugar. Add quickly 1½ glass of warm water. Add honey and spices. Cream the egg , the rest of sugar and butter with a blender. Add the flavour. . ! DANGER – ask your parent or teacher to help you. Cut dried fruit, orange peel, nuts and almonds, add raisins and sprinkle with flour. Add to the batter and stir carefully. Add some liquid and flour with soda and again until the end. The batter is thin.
  40. 42. YEAST DOUGH 300 g sugar 300 g margarine 1 kilo flour 100 g yeast 7 eggs 2 pkt vanilla sugar milk FILLING 1 kilo poppy seed 300 g sugar 50 g butter 1 tbsp honey 30 g yeast 3 egg whites 400 g raisins, cut almonds, walnuts, orange rind.
  41. 43. YEAST DOUGH Stir yeast, some sugar, warm milk, flour and a pinch of salt in a small bowl. Wait till it rises. Put it to the flour. Mix eggs with sugar and vanilla sugar. Add to flour. Warm milk and add too. The dough must be soft. Knead well and leave in a warm place to rise. Melt margarine, cool it and add to dough. Knead and leave again. Put some flour on a board and roll ½ the dough. Cover with poppy seed and roll together. Put in a long tin, wait again till it rises and bake . FOR TEACHERS DIFFICULT Scald poppy seed with boiling water. Drain . Grind the poppy seed 2 times. Cut almonds, nuts, dried fruit. Mix poppy seed with honey, sugar, butter and yeast. Add nuts and sweetmeats. Mix all very well. Beat the egg whites into a froth and add to the poppy mixture . S tir delicately with a spoon. FILLING Use ready filling or make one.
  42. 44. 1 glass of wheat grains 2 glasses of poppy seed half glass of sugar 1 almond aroma rind of 1 lemon 4 tablespoons of honey 100 g almonds 100 g walnuts 100 g sweetmeats – apricots, figs, raisins, orange peel, cranberry… 2 tablespoons of cream
  43. 45. Put wheat grain into water and steep overnight. Boil the grain until soft and drain water. Scald poppy seed with boiling water. Drain . Grind the poppy seed. Cut almonds, nuts, dried fruit. Mix wheat and poppy seed with honey, sugar and cream. Add nuts and sweetmeats. Mix all very well with a spoon. Smacznego!
  44. 46. TURTE CU JOLFĂ Hamp seed is divided into four parts and put in the robot with a mug of water. When the seed is crushed and is like a cream in the robot, drain well through a gauze. The collected juice is boiled on a medium flame. After ten minutes it begins to form a foam. The foam is collected slowly with a spoon and put in a separated bowl. Now if we want we can add 3 tablespoons of sugar. Then we take the pie sheets and put syrup on them. It stretches at a time, in a tray, one piece of pie, a layer of filling and so on until both end. Ingredients: - 500g hamp seed - 3 tablespoons sugar - pie sheets
  45. 47. PREPARATION: Mix the honey with the sugar and the spices. When the sugar is melted and the honey boiled. Pour the hot liquid over 1/2 kg flour. Mix well until you obtain a thick paste that looks like an ointment. Leave it in a cool place until the next day. The next day, warm it up a little bit, add the rum, and the eggs, one by one. Add the remaining flour. Spread the composition on the table until you obtain a sheet thick of 2 cm. Cut small circles with a coffee cup. Grease with butter and sprinkle with flour the baking trays and place the circles. Bake well. You can keep for longer time. They are good with coffee, tea, or wine Gingerbread (Romanian name=Turtă Dulce) INGREDIENTS: 500 g bee honey 500 g sugar 200 g walnuts (cut into pieces) 100 ml rum 1 teaspoon bicarbonate 4 eggs 1 kg flour 1 tip teaspoon black pepper 3 teaspoons cinnamon clove, nutmeg 50 g butter
  46. 48. PREPARATION: Of flour, water and little salt we make a hard hull which is stretched in sheets of a plate’ s size. They are put on pallets and baked in the oven without crisp. Of sugar, sugared-vanilla one lemon peeling and 1,2 l of water we make a syrup and we let it boil 15 minutes. The sheets are put one by one on a large tray.We put syrup and ground nuts mixed with sugar on them. After the sheets are placed and soaked, cut the the cake into slices and sprinkle the remaining nuts and sugar on them. Turte cu nucă INGREDIENTS: 500 g flour 400 g ground nuts 400 g sugar 30 g lemon peeling 1 sugared-vanilla salt
  47. 49. PANELLETS <ul><li>INGREDIENTS </li></ul><ul><li>1 Kg. of boiled potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>1 Kg. sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1 Kg. Smashed almonds </li></ul><ul><li>300 gr. smashed coconut * </li></ul><ul><li>Corn flour </li></ul><ul><li>* If you prefer you can substitute the coconut for chocolate, nuts, fruit, pine kernels or hazel nuts. </li></ul>
  48. 50. HOW TO MAKE 1. Flatten the boiled potatoes 2. Add sugar 3. Mix 4. Add the almond 5. You have this paste 7. Spread some flour on your hands 6. Add coconut and mix 8. Make small balls 10. Put all the balls on a tray 9. Muffle the balls with coconut 11. Cook them in the oven for about 10-15 minutes and ENJOY!! * You can use pine kernels, chocolate, nuts, hazel nuts or dried fruits instead of the coconut
  49. 51. INGREDIENTS: 1. Sugar 2. Eggs 3. Olive oil 4. Water 6. Baking podwer 7. Baker’s yeast 9. Candy fruits 8. Water 5. Flour RING SHAPED-CAKE
  50. 52. Mix all the ingredients in a bowl. Let the dough on a table between two cloths until it grows. Divide the dough into small pieces; one for each role-shaped cake. Make a hole in the middle with your finger and move it until the hole is bigger. Set the ring-shaped cakes on an oven tray; put some candy fruits at the top and bake it until it gets brown. Then, shape the ring until you get another one bigger.
  51. 53. READY TO EAT!
  52. 54. CHOCOLATE TRUFFLES INGREDIENTS: ► 100 gr of dark chocolate ► 6 full spoons of condensed milk ► 10 cupcakes ► Chocolate noodles
  54. 56. Carnival Recipes
  55. 57. Pastry with cottage cheese and fat
  56. 58. Ingredients <ul><li>500 g filo pastry </li></ul><ul><li>450 ml yoghurt </li></ul><ul><li>300 g cottage cheese </li></ul><ul><li>8 soup spoons fat </li></ul><ul><li>4 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>1 tea spoon baking soda </li></ul>
  57. 59. P reparation <ul><li>Mix the milk, the eggs, the cottage cheese </li></ul><ul><li>and the baking soda. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the first filo sheet into a tray </li></ul><ul><li>and spread the mixture. </li></ul><ul><li>R epeat this procedure with </li></ul><ul><li>the remaining pastry and mixture . </li></ul><ul><li>Grease the top filo sheet with oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Cook in a pre-heated oven. </li></ul>
  58. 60. Pastry with fat
  59. 61. <ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>400 g flour </li></ul><ul><li>250 g cheese </li></ul><ul><li>8 soup spoons fat </li></ul><ul><li>120 g butter </li></ul><ul><li>3 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>200 ml oil </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 soup spoon vinegar </li></ul><ul><li>1 tea spoon salt </li></ul><ul><li>½ tea spoon baking soda </li></ul>
  60. 62. Preparation: <ul><li>Divide the dough into two and each part is divided </li></ul><ul><li>into 8 balls which are rolled out into small filo sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Brush each filo sheet with fat and place one over the other </li></ul><ul><li>Roll a rolling pin over them to form one filo sheet which is folded over, brush it again with fat, fold it over until a ball is formed. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat this procedure with the second part of the dough. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the 2 balls in the fridge for 3-4 hours. </li></ul>
  61. 63. <ul><li>Take the first ball and roll it out of the size of the tray. </li></ul><ul><li>Beat the eggs and put some cheese. Put the filo sheet in the tray and spread crumbled cheese and the mixture of eggs and cheese. </li></ul><ul><li>Roll out the second ball and put the filo sheet on the top. </li></ul><ul><li>Pour hot oil, use a sharp knife, make cuts across the pastry lengthwise and then cut diagonally . Cook in a pre-heated oven. </li></ul>
  62. 64. Beans with smoked brisket
  63. 65. <ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>400 g beans </li></ul><ul><li>250 g smoked brisket </li></ul><ul><li>150 g onion </li></ul><ul><li>5 garlic cloves </li></ul><ul><li>1 soup spoon fat </li></ul><ul><li>20 ml tomato paste </li></ul>
  64. 66. Preparation: <ul><li>1. Soak the beans in cold water. In the morning pour fresh water. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Boil the beans and then drain off </li></ul><ul><li>3. Boil the brisket, which is chopped into cubes. Drain and add to the boiled bean. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Fry the chopped onion. Add crushed garlic and tomato paste with a little water. Mix everything together. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Stew the dish for about 20 min and pour a little of the brisket stock. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Sprinkle with finely chopped parsley . </li></ul>
  65. 67. Stuffed hen
  66. 68. <ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>1 hen </li></ul><ul><li>250 g mushrooms </li></ul><ul><li>150 g onion </li></ul><ul><li>100 g rice </li></ul><ul><li>100 ml oil </li></ul><ul><li>50 g butter </li></ul>
  67. 69. Preparation: <ul><li>Rinse the hen under running water and then spread inside and outside with salt and butter. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Fry the rice until it is transparent </li></ul><ul><li>Add the onion, mushrooms and finely chopped giblets. </li></ul><ul><li>Stew the stuffing with 1 ½ tea cup water until the water is absorbed by the rice. </li></ul><ul><li>Fill the hen with the stuffing and sew the opening. </li></ul><ul><li>Put in a tray with a little water and oil. First cook in a hot oven, later in a low-temperature one. </li></ul>
  68. 70. Pork with groats
  69. 71. <ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>700 g pork </li></ul><ul><li>400 g groats </li></ul><ul><li>150 g onion </li></ul><ul><li>3 tea spoons salt </li></ul><ul><li>1 tea spoon red pepper </li></ul>
  70. 72. Preparation : <ul><li>Fry the chopped meat and onion </li></ul><ul><li>Pour water and boil at a low temperature </li></ul><ul><li>until it is ready </li></ul><ul><li>Boil the groats with a little salt </li></ul><ul><li>Put the groats over the boiled meat </li></ul><ul><li>After boiling for a while, sprinkle </li></ul><ul><li>with red pepper, mint and parsley </li></ul><ul><li>Bon Appétit! </li></ul>
  71. 73. Koulourakia 1 st (biscuits) ( suitable for fasting during Lent) <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups corn oil </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup white wine </li></ul><ul><li>1 kilo of flour </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>4 small spoons baking powder </li></ul><ul><li>Sesame </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά </li></ul><ul><li>2 κούπες καλαμποκέλαιο </li></ul><ul><li>1 κούπα ζάχαρη </li></ul><ul><li>1 κούπα άσπρο κρασί </li></ul><ul><li>1 κιλό αλεύρι </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλάκι κανέλλα </li></ul><ul><li>4 κουταλάκια μπέκιν πάουντερ </li></ul><ul><li>σουσάμι </li></ul>
  72. 74. <ul><li>Put the sugar with the corn oil in the mixer </li></ul><ul><li>Add the wine and cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>Add the flour and baking powder </li></ul><ul><li>Make whatever shapes you want with the blend. </li></ul><ul><li>Roll them in sesame. </li></ul><ul><li>Put them in a baking tin and bake them in 180 ο C for 40` -50`. </li></ul><ul><li>E κτέλεση </li></ul><ul><li>Βάζουμε τη ζάχαρη με το καλαμποκέλαιο στο μίξερ να χτυπηθούν </li></ul><ul><li>Προσθέτουμε το κρασί και την κανέλα. </li></ul><ul><li>Μετά το αλεύρι λίγο –λίγο με το μπέκιν πάουντερ. </li></ul><ul><li>Πλάθουμε τα κουλουράκια σε ότι σχήμα θέλουμε. </li></ul><ul><li>Τα περνάμε από το σουσάμι να κολλήσει επάνω. </li></ul><ul><li>Τα βάζουμε σε ταψί και τα ψήνουμε στους 180 ο C για 40` -50`. </li></ul>
  73. 75. 250 g semolina 6 eggs 1/2 l milk 250 g water 500 g sugar 500 g ricotta di bufala (or sheep) 50 g butter lemon zest candied fruit and raisins if you like
  74. 76. Sift ricotta through a sieve. Incorporate the eggs and a pinch of salt. Mix the two mixtures. Pour the mixture into a greased baking tray and bake in preheated oven at 180 ° for 54-60 minutes. The cake is ready when the surface of the pudding is dark brown. Put the milk and the water in a saucepan and heat it. Add sugar and butter. After a few minutes begin to add the semolina, very little at a time, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon. Cook for twenty minutes. Turn off and let cool.
  75. 77. 500 g flour 4 eggs Seed oil q.b. 50 g butter 100 g sugar 1 lemon 4 tablespoons brandy 4 tablespoons dry white wine salt Ingredients
  76. 78. <ul><li>Place the flour, put </li></ul><ul><li>in the center the </li></ul><ul><li>softened butter in flakes, </li></ul><ul><li>sugar, beaten eggs, brandy, </li></ul><ul><li>wine, grated lemon rind </li></ul><ul><li>and a pinch of salt. </li></ul>Mix all ingredients and work long until dough is smooth and elastic. Form a ball, cover with a towel and let rest for 30 m. Then pull the dough very thin with a rolling pin. Derive the width of the strips about 8 cm, then with a wheel cut nearly two rectangles and make parallel cuts lengthwise. Fry the chatter, a few at a time, in hot oil, drain with a slotted spoon when golden and place them on absorbent paper. Let them cool and sprinkle with icing sugar.
  77. 79. Ingredients: 500 ml of milk 300 g sugar, 125 g of cocoa, 50 g of dark chocolate, 50 g butter 50 g of starch 1 / 2 teaspoon cinnamon
  78. 80. Procedure: In a saucepan, mix the starch, cocoa and sugar. Mix. When the mixture has thickened, (about 20 minutes) remove the pudding from heat and immediately add the cinnamon, dark chocolate cut into small pieces and butter. Stir so all the energy to cool and serve the pudding into a bowl along with the chiacchiere. Slowly add milk, stirring to dissolve the whole. Put on the stove over low heat, stirring constantly and start cooking.
  79. 81. 1 vodka glass of strong alcohol – about 50 g 800 g flour 150 g butter 4 tbsp cream 2 tbsp sugar 4 eggs 4 egg yolks
  80. 82. Knead all ingredients. Hit hard for 5 minutes with the rolling pin. Put to the fridge for 1 hour. Cut a small piece of the dough and roll very thin sheets. Cut long thin rectangles and cut a hole in the middle. Heat oil in a pan. Fry „faworki” on both sides. Put on tissue paper to drain. Put on a big plate layer by layer. Sprinkle each layer with icing sugar. Put one end to the opening and pull gently.
  81. 83. Doughnuts - ingredients ½ kg mąki 4 dag drożdży 200 ml ciepłego mleka 2 łyżki stopionego masła 50 g cukru 2 żółtka szczypta soli 1 kieliszek alkoholu (rum) 20 dag konfitury 1 l oleju do smażenia 1 białko cukier puder ½ kg flour 4 dag yeast 200 ml warm milk 2 tbsp melted butter 50 g sugar 2 egg yolks a pinch of salt 50 g al c ohol (rum) 20 dag apricot confiture 1 l oil to fry 1 egg white powdered sugar to sprinkle
  82. 84. Stir yeast, some milk, sugar and salt together and pour to the flour. Let it grow . Knead the dough well until it doesn’t stick to your hand. Leave it to grow again until it doubles. Pour flour to a big bowl or pot. Look at the pictures and proceed as you see. DANGER!!! The fat is hot. Ask for help.
  83. 85. Cornulete 150 ml oil 100 ml mineral water 750g flour 250 g margarine 5 ml Vinegar Un praf de sare
  84. 86. <ul><li>We need cabbage, rice, meat, onion, tomatoes sauce and a lot of LOVE. </li></ul>SARMALE
  85. 87. CRESPILLOS DE CARNAVAL INGREDIENTS 4 eggs 50 grs. sugar 1 cup of milk 100 grs. flour 2 envelopes of soda powder Olive oil
  86. 88. In a bowl beat the egg yolks slowly mixing them with sugar (in quantities similar to the four yolks together.) While you add alternately beat milk and flour in small dose without exceeding the volume of the above ingredients until the dough acquires consistency and the lumps are gone. At this time add the four hard beaten egg whites and the content of the two envelopes of soda, that will make a fluffy cream. Well mixed, is set to heat the oil in a frying pan. With a spoon take a little bit and immerse themselves in the oil, keeping them until they go away on their own. Fry until they are brown and sprinkle with sugar.
  87. 89. &quot;Jueves Lardero LONGANIZA en el puchero&quot;
  88. 91. Bulgarian Easter Bread (Kozunak)
  89. 92. <ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>4 teaspoons active dry yeast </li></ul><ul><li>4 teaspoons sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1 large lightly beaten egg </li></ul><ul><li>3/4 cup scalded milk cooled to 110 degrees </li></ul><ul><li>3/4 cup raisins </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 cup rum </li></ul><ul><li>Grated zest and juice of 1 lemon </li></ul><ul><li>9 cups all-purpose flour, approximately </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon salt </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 stick melted butter </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 cup vegetable oil </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup milk </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup sugar </li></ul><ul><li>5 large eggs </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon vailla </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 cup sliced almonds (optional) </li></ul>
  90. 93. <ul><li>Preparation: </li></ul><ul><li>In a large bowl or stand mixer, combine yeast, sugar 1 egg and warm milk and let stand, covered, in a warm place for 40 minutes. Meanwhile, p lace raisins and rum in a small bowl to soak. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Heat 1 cup milk and 1 cup sugar in a small saucepan until warm and set aside. Combine melted butter and oil in a small bowl and set aside. Separate 2 of the eggs, reserving the yolks for the egg wash, and beating the whites with the other 3 whole eggs and vanilla in a separate small bowl. Begin adding warm milk mixture, then butter-oil, eggs, and drained raisins to the yeast mixture, combining until well mixed. </li></ul>
  91. 94. 3. Then begin adding flour (you might not use all of it) and knead until a smooth dough results. It will be sticky. Transfer to a large oiled bowl, turning dough once to coat both sides. Cover with greased plastic wrap and let rise until doubled (1 to 2 hours). 4. Punch down dough and let rise again, covered, for 1 to 2 hours or until doubled. Heat oven to 400 degrees. Punch down dough and knead for 1 or 2 minutes. Divide in half. Divide each half into 3 pieces and braid on parchment-lined sheet pans. Cover with greased plastic wrap and let rise about 30 minutes. Brush with reserved egg yolks and sliced almonds, if using. Bake about 30 minute or until golden brown and an instant-read thermometer registers 190 degrees. Remove from oven, remove from pan and let cool on a wire rack . Bon Appétit!
  92. 95. Easter eggs
  93. 96. <ul><li>Boiled eggs </li></ul><ul><li>2. Different techniques of painting </li></ul>
  94. 97. Roast Leg of Lamb
  95. 98. <ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>1 leg of lamb, deboned and tied </li></ul><ul><li>1 tablespoon ground black pepper </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon salt </li></ul><ul><li>5 cloves garlic, cut into slivers </li></ul><ul><li>2 sprigs fresh rosemary </li></ul><ul><li>1 can tomato sauce </li></ul>
  96. 99. Preparation: 1.Preheat the oven to 190 degrees C 2.Rub the leg of lamb all over with salt and pepper. 3.Use a small knife to make punctures in the lamb. Press slivers of garlic into each hole . 4. Place the meat in a roasting pan. You can either remove the rosemary from the stalk and sprinkle and rub into the meat on all sides, or you can simply use the string from the lamb to secure against it. Pour the can of tomato sauce over the whole thing. 5. Bake for 45 minutes in the preheated oven, then lower the temperature 160 degrees C and continue roasting until the internal temperature of the meat is at least 70 degrees C about 15 minutes. If you want the meat well done, wait until the internal temperature reaches 75 degrees C. Bon Appétit!
  97. 100. Easter cookies
  98. 101. <ul><li>1 cup butter or margarine </li></ul><ul><li>1 1/2 cups of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>3 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>3 cups of sifted flour </li></ul><ul><li>3 teaspoons baking powder </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon milk </li></ul><ul><li>2 teaspoons of vanilla </li></ul>Ingredients:
  99. 102. Preparation: 1. Cream the butter and sugar. Add the eggs and beat well. 2. Sift the dry ingredients and add them to the creamed mixture. 3. Add the milk and the vanilla and chill the dough for an hour. 4. Roll the dough out. 5. Dip a rabbit-shaped cookie cutter into flour and cut the cookies. 6. Place them on a greased baking sheet, and bake for 15 minutes at 180 degrees C Bon Appétit
  100. 103. EASTER CAKE
  101. 104. Ingredients: <ul><li>1 kg of fine flour  </li></ul><ul><li>5-6 eggs  </li></ul><ul><li>1 1/2 teacupfuls of milk (1/4 l) </li></ul><ul><li>250-300 g sugar  </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 teaspoonful of salt  </li></ul><ul><li>200 g of butter or 150 g of fresh lard </li></ul><ul><li>1 lemon  </li></ul><ul><li>2 spoonfuls of raisins  </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 teacupful of powdered sugar  </li></ul><ul><li>yeast of match-box size (30 40 g) or 1 packet of instant yeast (10-11 g) </li></ul>
  102. 105. Preparation: 1.Mix the yeast cube (of match-box size) with a small quantity of flour, 2-3 spoonfuls of milk, a pinch of salt and a pinch of sugar. 2.Leave it in a warm place to ferment, then add some more flour and warm milk to produce a liquid mess and leave it to rise again. Then add it to the flour. 3.The room, where you intend to knead the dough, should be well warmed up. Before rising, the cakes measure 1/3 of the dish they will be baked in. Easter cakes are baked in a previously heated oven at a moderate temperature. If you wish to put raisins in the cakes, first scald them with water, dry them and roll them in flour.
  103. 106. 4.Sift the flour into a warmed up baking dish and make a “well” in the middle. 5.Add the eggs (beaten with the sugar and then mixed with the rest of the milk and the grated lemon peel), the salt, the yeast mixture (prepared beforehand as described above) or instant yeast. 6. Add the melted butter in small portions and stir with a spoon. Then spread melted butter on your hands and start kneading. (Do not knead hard. Easter cake dough is pulled and gathered into a ball.) When the dough gets smooth, cover it with a cloth and let it rise. (It gets twice its initial size.) Then knead it once again with buttered hands
  104. 107. 7.Add the raisins. Put the dough in a buttered pan. (It can be plaited.) The dough should measure half the height of the pan, because it rises while baked. 8. Spread one beaten egg on the cake. Bake in a moderately quick oven. 9.Take the cake out of the pan only when it is cooled. If you like, you can sprinkle it with soft sugar and vanilla powder. Bon Appétit!
  105. 108. Koulourakia 2 nd for Easter <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>250gr butter </li></ul><ul><li>2 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>juice and scrapings from one orange </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 glass of brandy </li></ul><ul><li>very little salt </li></ul><ul><li>1 kg flour </li></ul><ul><li>a little butter to spread on the baking tin </li></ul>
  106. 109. <ul><li>Beat the eggs the butter and the sugar very well. </li></ul><ul><li>Add the brandy, the orange scrapings, the orange juice, the salt and, in the end, the flour. </li></ul><ul><li>Knead well all the ingredients. </li></ul><ul><li>The blend shouldn’t on our hands. (if it does, add a little more flour). </li></ul><ul><li>Make any shape you want with the blend. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread butter on the baking tin. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the koulourakia in the tin. </li></ul><ul><li>Bake them in preheated oven at 180 C for about 30’-45’. </li></ul><ul><li>Before we take them off the oven we try one to mke sure that they were baked well. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, we clean the table!! </li></ul>
  107. 110. Tsoureki Τσουρέκι <ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>2 ½ kg flour </li></ul><ul><li>600 gr milk </li></ul><ul><li>300gr butter </li></ul><ul><li>750 gr sugar </li></ul><ul><li>6 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>chios chewing gum in powder </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of salt </li></ul><ul><li>200 gr yeast </li></ul><ul><li>orange scrapings </li></ul><ul><li>Υλικά </li></ul><ul><li>21/2 κιλά αλεύρι </li></ul><ul><li>600γραμ. Γάλα </li></ul><ul><li>300 γραμ. βούτυρο </li></ul><ul><li>750 γραμ. ζάχαρη </li></ul><ul><li>6 αυγά </li></ul><ul><li>1φακελάκι μαστίχα Χίου </li></ul><ul><li>1 κουταλάκι αλάτι </li></ul><ul><li>200 γραμ. μαγιά νωπή </li></ul><ul><li>Ξύσμα πορτοκαλιού </li></ul>
  108. 111. <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Put 1 ½ glass of lukewarm water in a bowl.Add the yeast and a little flour. Mix until they become a blend and leave it in a warm place to inflate. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the eggs in another bowl and beat them. Add the sugar, the Chios chewing gum and the salt and mix. Add the lukewarm milkand the yeast blend and mix. </li></ul><ul><li>Start adding the flour little by little. First mix and then knead softly with your hands. </li></ul><ul><li>When the blend is ready, start adding the butter. Take little by little the melted butter in your hands and add it to the blend. Do not knead hard. It will spread in all the blend. </li></ul><ul><li>When the blend is ready, cover it and place it in a warm place to inflate. </li></ul><ul><li>Make shapes with it and put it in baking tins. </li></ul><ul><li>Beat an egg and spread some on the tsourekia. </li></ul><ul><li>You can put white almonds on them and a boiled red egg in the middle. </li></ul><ul><li>Leave them a little in the baking tin to inflate. </li></ul><ul><li>Put them in the hot oven and bake them in 180 C for about half an hour. </li></ul>Εκτέλεση Σε 1 ½ ποτήρι χλιαρό νερό διαλύουμε τη μαγιά. Προσθέτουμε λίγο αλεύρι να γίνει χυλός. Την αφήνουμε να φουσκώσει. Σε άλλη λεκάνη χτυπάμε τα αυγά, τη ζάχαρη, τη μαστίχα Χίου και το αλάτι. Ανακατεύοντας ρίχνουμε το χλιαρό γάλα και μετά το μείγμα της μαγιάς. Προσθέτουμε σιγά σιγά το αλεύρι. Πρώτα ανακατεύουμε και μετά ζυμώνουμε ελαφρά με τα χέρια. Όταν το μείγμα είναι έτοιμο, προσθέτουμε σιγά σιγά το βούτυρο. Παίρνουμε λίγο στα χέρια μας και το ρίχνουμε στο μείγμα. Δεν το ζυμώνουμε δυνατά. Αυτό θα πάει σε όλη τη ζύμη. Όταν το μείγμα είναι έτοιμο, το καλύπτουμε και το αφήνουμε σε ζεστό μέρος να φουσκώσει. Πλάθουμε ό,τι σχήματα θέλουμε και τα βάζουμε σε λαμαρίνες. Χτυπάμε ένα αυγό και αλοίφουμε τα τσουρέκια με αυτό. Βάζουμε ασπρισμένα αμύγδαλα κομμένα. Τα αφήνουμε λίγο στις λαμαρίνες να φουσκώσουν. Τα ψήνουμε σε προθερμασμένο φούρνο στους 180 C σχεδόν μισή ώρα.
  109. 112. PASTIERA Every Easter, Neapolitans resurrect their love for sweets with Pastiera, a pie specially made for the occasion filled with ricotta cheese and studded with candied fruits. It is very rich and is a welcome compensation for all the privations of Lent. Traditionally is prepared on Maundy Thursday, as by resting it becomes better, if you resist... for the filling Cooked kernels grain 300 grams Ricotta 300 grams Sugar 250 grams Candied cedar 20 grams Candied orange 20 grams 3Eggs+2yolks Milk 150 Cc Water 50 cc Butter 1 spoon Vanilla extract 1 teaspoon Orange Tree Flowers Extract 1 teaspoon Ingredients for pastry Flour 250 grams Sugar 100 grams Butter 100 grams 2 eggs Vanilla
  110. 113. Boil the cooked grain kernels in the milk with water and the butter stirring at intervals until the grain is melted. Close the heat and let it cool . Add ricotta, sugar and 3 eggs and 2 yplks, stirring well. Add the candied fruits, at the end vanilla and the extracts: stir well. Prepare a soft dough kneading the flour and adding the butter and the sugar , eggs and vanilla. Put it in the fridge for 1 hour. Coat a baking pan with oven paper and spread 2/3 of the dough. Keep the sides well high stuff with the filling and fold the sides. With the remaining dough make small rolls for making the classic grill for garnishing. Put into the oven (better if ventilated) at F  360 (C 180) for 60 minutes. As not all the home ovens are the same you can recognize when the pastiera is cooked  as soon as the dough browns and the stuffing becomes thick . Let it cool completely before taking out form the baking pan, sprinkle with icing sugar and...if you can do it, wait at least one night before eating!
  111. 114. SCARCELLE The sweet pastry is always served with a hard-boiled egg, held in place by two strips of dough formed into a cross. The shape varies according to the cook or region: it may be a bell to announce Christ's resurrection, a basket to symbolize abundance, a dove, a hen for boys, a doll for girls. 400g flour 00 200gr sugar 2 eggs 1 coffee cup extra virgin olive oil 1 coffee cup milk 1 packet of yeast vanilla and grated lemon peel Ingredients Icing for decorating: icing sugar Water small multicolored sweets Chocolate eggs (optional)
  112. 115. Mix very quickly all the ingredients and stretch the dough about half a centimeter.  Cut various shapes and put an egg on the centre helding in place by two stipes of dough . Bake in preheated oven at 180 ° C for 15-20 minutes Once ready they are covered with icing and, before they are dryed, you can decorate with a little of hundreds small multicolored sweets , not immediately otherwise the color of the sweets dissolves. Using icing as glue you can stick chocolate eggs instead of real eggs.
  113. 116. 600 g flour 400 g margarine 200 g icing sugar 3 hard-boiled egg yolks 2 yolks 1 egg 1 lemon rind 1 packet vanilla sugar FROSTING 250 g icing sugar 3 egg whites 1 tbsp lemon juice 1 tsp starch stir all until fluffy or buy a ready one or FUDGE 1/2 l milk 400 g sugar 1 vanilla pod 50 g butter boil slowly until thick and stir SWEETMEAT FOR DECORATION
  114. 117. Put flour , margarine , icing sugar , vanilla sugar , yolks and egg in a bowl. Boil 3 eggs. Rub the yolks through a sieve. Cool in a fridge for one hour. Roll out the dough to form flat shapes 1-2 cm thick. Roll some dough to make a border adound the shape. Spread some frosting, fudge or chocolate on the cake. Decorate with dried fruit, nuts, almonds. You can use sweet decorations from the shop , too . Grate the lemon rind. Knead well all ingredients. Heat the oven to 200 °C. Bake for 10-1 5 minutes.
  115. 118. Beat 1½ litre of egg yolks in a churn for an hour. Pour 4 cups of dry flour, 2 cups of sugar, 2 cups of yeast and beat another hour. O LD TRADITIONAL RECIPE Pour to” a form and put on a warm stove unti it is as high as ‘2 fingers’ from the edge. It is very light and delicate. This kind of cake needs a warm place. Make it in a hot room or best in a bakery. Then put into a very hot oven for three quarters of an hour . After that put out the upper fire in the oven and cover your BABKA with thin paper. Take out of the oven very carefully and put together with a form on a pillow. Remember not to shake the form with the dough and after you take the cake out! Take out of the form when it is cold . To check the temperature of the oven put some flour and check – if it burns it is too hot, if it bakes brown the temperature is good.
  116. 119. <ul><li>At Christmas time </li></ul><ul><li>Romanian mothers </li></ul><ul><li>readied the dough for </li></ul><ul><li>baking these delicious </li></ul><ul><li>breads with a variety of </li></ul><ul><li>fillings. </li></ul><ul><li>The smells of Cozonac </li></ul><ul><li>baking is like a bell </li></ul><ul><li>ringing our senses. </li></ul>COZONAC
  117. 120. INGREDIENTS 8 cups flour 8 eggs 1 cup sugar 1 cup butter 2 tbs. oil 2 cups milk 50 gr. yeast (2 pkgs) 1 tbs. salt 1 tbs. rum vanilla extract 1 lemon scraped skin First put the flour in a large bowl in a warm place. Dissolve the yeast in ½ cup warm milk and a teaspoon of sugar. Separately dissolve 3 tbs. flour in milk, mixing well until the mixture is homogeneous. Mix well with the yeast and beat until it makes big bubbles. Spread some flour on top, cover with a towel and place in a warm place to rise. Meanwhile separate 7 yolks from egg whites. Keep 4 egg whites in a bowl. Put the other 3 in another bowl if you intend to cook walnuts sweet bread (see below). Mix the yolks with salt and a half of sugar till they become a frothy cream. Then mix the butter with the rest of sugar until they become a frothy cream. Beat 4 egg whites until makes a foam.When the yeast has risen enough, put on the top of the flour. Add the yolks and a little bit of warm milk and mix. Add the foam from egg whites, a little bit of warm milk and mix a little bit. Then start to knead. Knead for at least half an hour, bringing the dough from the sides to the middle. Add the oil, rum, vanilla, lemon scraped skin and little by little, the melted warm butter. Add flour till the dough doesn't stick to your fingers. If the dough is too hard, add a little more milk.In the end the dough must have an elastic consistency and air bubbles. Cover the bowl with a towel and place in a warm place. Let it to rise for about 2-3 hours to triple in bulk. If the dough is ready to overflow the bowl punch down and let it rise a little more.When the dough has risen enough, grease your hands with oil, take dough pieces, place on the floured work surface, give it the desired shape (round, oval, braided etc. depending on your pan shape).We use the braided shape, especially for Easter. The pan shape symbolizes the coffin and the braided sweet bread is Jesus Christ's body before He rose to heaven.Then place in the baking pan previously greased with oil or butter. The dough must only fill the pan halfway. Allow it to rise some more (about 20-30 minutes), still in a warm place. Beat an egg and brush each sweet bread with. Sprinkle sugar, walnuts or raisins on top. Place in the warm oven and bake at medium heat for about 30-40 minutes. The top should look brown. When the sweet bread is ready, remove from the pan, place on a towel, cover with a blanket and let it cool off slowly in a warm place. Serve it only after it's cold, generally next day.
  118. 121. INGREDIENTS DOUGH: 2 cups flour 3 eggs 6 tbs. sugar 1 tbs. butter 1 tbs. oil 1 cup milk 25g yeast 1 ts. salt 1 tbs. rum vanilla extract 50 g butter to lubricate the griddle FILLING: 500 g sweet cottage cheese 1 glass sugar 2 spoons flour salt 2 spoons raisins 4 eggs 2 spoons butter 1 glass milk cinamon sugared-vanilla lemon peeling PREPARATION Spread the dough in the griddle, round and as thick as a finger. Cut the extra edges and plait them together. You can make a cross on top from those or place them as a lace on the round edge (around the pie itself as a circle). Place the filling made out of cheese and the rest of the ingredients. Lubricate with one beaten egg. Bake it for 40 minutes or less, until the cheese gets a light beige crust. Pască cu brânză
  119. 122. The dough(preparation): Mix the yeast with a bit of warm milk, 1 spoon sugar. Scald 2 spoons of flour with a bit of hot milk and mix. When cold, add yeast and mix well until bubbles. Let it grow. Mix the yolks with salt, sugars until obtain a foamy cream. Add the yolks, whipped egg whites and the flour over the yeast. Mix it well while adding the remaining milk and melted butter. For the filling just mix all the ingredients together. Spread the dough in 2 cm thick layers. Cut big 10-12 cm squares. Fill each square with a bit of filling and fold it. Lubricate with whipped egg. Place in the oven until golden. Sprinkle iced-sugar. Brânzoaice INGREDIENTS DOUGH: 250 g flour 2 eggs 10 g yeast 100 g iced-sugar 75 g sugar 125 ml milk salt 70 g butter 1 spoon rum FILLING: 150 g sweet cottage cheese 2 eggs 150 g salty cottage cheese 50 g sugar sugared-vanilla orange lemon peeling
  120. 123. <ul><li>INGREDIENTS </li></ul><ul><li>150 gr of dark chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>50 gr of butter </li></ul><ul><li>Cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Chocolate eggs </li></ul>EASTER NESTS
  121. 124. PROCESS 1. Cut the chocolate into small pieces. 2. Add the butter. 3.Heat in the microwave until it melts and mix. 5. Place the nests on the baking paper. 4.Add the mashed cereals and mix. 6. Put small eggs on top and put it in the fridge until it is cold.
  122. 125. ROSQUILLAS 3 eggs 5 spoonfulls of oil. 250 gr of flour. 5 grams of yeast 1 glass of sugar 1 cup of annised liquor INGREDIENTS
  123. 126. Break the eggs Add the sugar Add the oil Add the annised liquor Add the flour Add the yeast Stir Put the mass In big cake pan Put the mass on the table Knide the mass Make the form Fry Wash your hands
  124. 127. <ul><li>INGREDIENTS </li></ul><ul><li>1- 1 egg </li></ul><ul><li>2- bread </li></ul><ul><li>3- oil </li></ul><ul><li>4- milk </li></ul><ul><li>5- sugar </li></ul>TORRIJAS
  125. 128. 1.Put the apron on 2.Wash your hands 3.Cut the bread 4.Beat the eggs 5.Cover the bread with the milk 6.Cover the bread with the egg 7.Put the oil in the saucepan 8.Heat the oil 9.Fry the bread 10.Add the sugar