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South America Pulses Market


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Hugo Raggi - presents Pulses market outlook from South American countries. Useful information & insights about Pulses markets in Columbia, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Argentina & Brazil. Future trading as presented at India Pulses & Grains Association (IPGA)'s Global Pulses Conclave (GPC) 2012.

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South America Pulses Market

  1. 1. South America
  2. 2. General Information Area 17,840,000 km² Population 385 million Countries 12 Dependencies 3
  3. 3. Population main countries Brazil Colombia 191.908 45.013 Argentina 40.677 Peru 29.180 Venezuela 26.414 Chile 16.454 Ecuador 13.927 Bolivia (000) 9.427
  4. 4. Languages • Spanish and Portuguese are the predominant languages of South America. • Portuguese is spoken only in Brazil – the most populous country in the region. • Spanish is the official language in the rest of continent. • French is official language only for French Guiana. • In Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, English is the official language. • The official language of Suriname is Dutch.
  5. 5. Trade Blocs • MERCOSUR is a Regional Trade Agreement among Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay founded in 1991 by the Treaty of Asunció n, which was later amended and updated by the 1994 Treaty of Ouro Preto. Its purpose is to promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency. • Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru currently have associate member status. Venezuela signed a membership agreement on 17 June 2006.
  6. 6. Trade Blocs • The Andean Community is bloc formed by Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. The trade bloc was called the Andean Pact until 1996 and came into existence with the signing of the Cartagena Agreement in 1969. Its headquarters are located in Lima, Peru. • The Andean Community has 98 million inhabitants living in an area of 4,700,000 square kilometers, whose Gross Domestic Product amounted to US$745.3 billion in 2005, including Venezuela (who was a member at that time).
  7. 7. Economy – Main High South America GDP Country Brazil Argentina Colombia Venezuela Peru Chile Ecuador Uruguay Total South America 2010 GDP millions of US dollars 2,172,058 596,000 435,367 344,753 275,355 257,884 114,984 47,986 4,443,710
  8. 8. Some important aspects of the main South American countries
  9. 9. Colombia • Main commercial partner of Canada. • In the last years consumption of beans have been migrating to lentils. • It is the largest importer of Lentils in South America.
  10. 10. Colombia Pulses Import from Canada (main supplier)
  11. 11. Colombia Average Consumption per Year (in MT)
  12. 12. Venezuela • From 2002 there was a mayor intervention from the government (La Casa / PDVSA) in the import purchase and less participation of private sector. • Basically is not producer of any pulses. Culture of beans consumption • Imports of beans : about 80.000 MT (being 85% black beans).
  13. 13. Venezuela Pulses Import from Canada (in MT)
  14. 14. Venezuela Average Consumption per Year (in MT)
  15. 15. Peru • Is the largest exporter of beans in the Andean Community Block. • It is heavily dependent on the weather condition to have harvest.
  16. 16. Peru Pulses Import from Peru (in MT)
  17. 17. Peru Pulses Exports from Peru (in MT) Beans – Main Varieties (Black Eye, Large White and Yellow Beans)
  18. 18. Chile • In the past years was an important exporter of pulses like Lentils and Beans. Due high land costs, there was a replacement by vineyards and fruits production. • One hectare in a Central region of the country costs US$ 20.000.
  19. 19. Chile Pulses Exports from Chile (in MT)
  20. 20. Argentina • Not pulses consumer country, mainly exports all its production. • It could be considered the main “Canadian competitor” in Latin America for its neighborhood countries (Mercosul participants). • Main exporter of pulses in South America.
  21. 21. Argentina Export of Beans (in MT)
  22. 22. Argentina Export of Pulses (in MT)
  23. 23. Brazil • First largest population of Latin America (191.908 million people). • Second largest world bean producer (first is India) with about 3.5 million MT/year production. Main varieties: carioca, black, jalo, engopa, rajado, etc… • First largest world consumer per capita of beans.
  24. 24. Brazil Pulses Import from Brazil (in MT)
  25. 25. Brazil Caupi Beans Export
  26. 26. THANK YOU!