Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva THE JUNTOS PROGRAM Created by Supreme Decree N º 032-2005-PCM of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers as a Conditional Cash Transfer Program. From January 1, 2012, through the R.S. N ° 004-2012-MIDIS, JUNTOS passed to the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion. People from Chuschi,first district to benefit fromJUNTOS (September 2005)
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva Conditional Cash TransferThe delivery of a bimonthly monetaryincentive of S /. 200 ($ 75 approx.)tohouseholds in poverty and extreme povertyis conditioned upon the use of healthservices, Nutrition and Education.
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva Responsibilities Services Objetive Responsibilities Attend EESS for prenatal care and control of growth and development Pregnant Women and Girls / Children 0 to 24 months as outlined in the primary healthHealth care protocols.andNutrition Attend EESS for control of growth Boys / girls from 24 to 59 months old (except those that are and development as outlined in the already enrolled in the EBR-Initial Level where the primary health care protocols. responsibility of Education is applied) Enroll, attend and pass the IISS in the Boys / girls who are already 6 years old or who turn 6 by June 30th of each year . form of EBR. Boys/Girls from 6 years until they reach 14 years of age. The condition for households with children who are older thanEducation 14 years old to stay, is that they be enrolled in EBR initial, primary or secondary. Enroll and attend classes in IIEE The limit is 20 years old, except in cases of those who are corresponding to the level of studies studying in EBR and turn 20 years during the course of the of EBR. school year. In these cases, households remain in the program until they have completed the school year.
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva OBJECTIVES PURPOSE Help break the intergenerational transmission of poverty . Pregnant women, boys / girls and adolescents living in poverty increased access to health services, Nutrition and Education. TARGET POPULATIONPregnant women, boys / girls,adolescents up to 14 * years inhouseholds in poverty in ruralareas of the country . * It has been proposed that this be extended to 19 years old from 2013
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaEVOLUTION AND PROJECTION 2005-20142005: 70 districts, 4 Regions, 22thousand householdsMay 2012: 485,768 affiliatedhouseholds; 14 Regions; 116 provinces;703 districts; 28,335 PopulationCenters, 3,020 EESS and 21,766 IIEEDecember 2012: 994 districts; 14regions and 635,697 householdsaffiliated2013: 1,077 districts; 22 Regions and752,878 households affiliated2014: 1,077 districts; 22 Regions and783,951 affiliated households
Programa Nacional de Apoyo DirecciónDirecto a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva EVOLUTION OF CASH TRANSFERS TO BENEFICIARY HOMESThe program has transferred a total of S/. 2. 157 million soles to female representatives of beneficiary households (*) Projected in 2011. Source: Conditional Transfers Information System SITC - JUNTOS. Produced: Monitoring and Evaluation Team.JUNTOS serves 35.7% and 65.8% of the total (National Level) of poor and extremely poor households with target population(ENAHO INEI 2010).
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaPROGRAM ORGANIZATION
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaHeadquarters
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaRegional Offices Regional Officer for Supervision and Transparency Local Committees on Supervision and Transparency
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaOPERATIONAL PROCESSES OF THE PROGRAM
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva EVOLUTION OF THE PROGRAM GEOGRAPHIC EXPANSION OF THE BEGINNING INTERVENTION 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 SET STAGES MODEL IMPLEMENTATION ADVANCEMENT “ASSESS “MANAGEMEN TO T BASED ON IMPROVE” EVIDENCE” DESIGN FIRST FIRST BEGINNING OF BEGINNING OF STRUCTURAL STRUCTURAL PROCESS OPERACIONAL OPERACIONAL THE REDISIGN THE REDISIGN OPPERATIVE OPPERATIVE GUIDELINES STATEMENTS MANUAL MANUAL AGO 2008 AGO 2008 OPPERATIONAL MANUAL BASE STUDY FOR BASE STUDY FOR ANALYSIS OF ANALYSIS OF RULES OF RULES OF THE INFORMATION THE INFORMATION PROCESSES PROCESSES OPPERATION OPPERATION SYSTEM SYSTEM AND PROCEDURES AND PROCEDURES LOGICAL AGO 2009 AGO 2009 FRAMEWORK WORK PLAN WORK PLAN WORK PLANSOPERATIONAL STRUCTURE FOR FUNCTIONABILITY AND OPERATIONAL MATRIX WITH A FOCUS ON PROCESSES SPECIALIZATION AND MANAGING FOR RESULTS
Programa Nacional de Apoyo DirecciónDirecto a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva MAP OF OPERATIONAL PROCESSES AS HO SIGN ME ED
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva Targeting (outside of JUNTOS)1. Geographical Targeting:•Districts with 50% poverty or more.•Malnutrition rate.•Population index of children younger than 3.2. Household Targeting:•SISFOH poverty algorithm.•Have at least one target member.•Live in the district at least 6 months prior to the affiliation.
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva Affiliation1. Selection of the household representative (usually women of age).2. Programming and broadcasting of affiliation events.3. Communal validation assemblies.4. Affiliation events: handing over of family information. Consistency of information.5. Permanent upkeep of the list of beneficiaries.
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva Verification of Shared Responsibilities• The Local Managers verify the fulfillment of the shared responsibilities by means of files (Formatos) in schools and health centers.• This task is completed every two months.• The users who do not meet their shared responsibilities are suspended for one term (two months).• The Managers accompany and give orientation to suspended homes.
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva Monetary Transfers• Every two months, 200 soles ($75 aprox.) are transferred via: – Offices of the Bank of the Nation: • 256 thousand homes • 186 places of payment – Transporters: • 186 thousand homes • 300 places of payment• Amount transferred (May-June 2012): S/. 90 131 600 ($ 33 382 074 aprox.)
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaIntervention Strategy
Programa Nacional de Apoyo DirecciónDirecto a los Más Pobres Ejecutiva
Programa Nacional de Apoyo Dirección Directo a los Más Pobres EjecutivaEXIT PROCESS
The Exiting Concept •The reach of its investment goes from the gestation period until the end of secondary school, its intervention in each home can last many decades if it is extended until the home has gained the Programs objective. •During the intervention, homes may permanently, or temporarily, lose the conditions of eligibility that render them part of the program’s target population. •There is a need to define eligibility criteria for the permanence of the users in the program and to design activities for its exit and eventual reentrance. Theoretically it could have an indefinite duration as the head of the family may changeand new pregnant women and children could be incorporated into the home.
Guidelines1. Linkage: The homes that leave JUNTOS might still have shortcomings in forms of vulnerability not addressed by the program but that are related to the goals of the government’s social policies. JUNTOS must form links and work with other social programs in the area before the homes disconnect themselves, ideally as soon as the homes enter the program.
Guidelines2. Make sure the use of public resources is efficient. Avoid allocating resources to the population that has already solved the problem the program seeks to solve, is no longer part of the target population, or to which the program’s intervention is no longer effective or viable.
Guidelines3. Sustainability:Make sure the sustainability of theachievement of program objectives is notendangered. .JUNTOS serves rural homes that have alow probability of significant change interms of the level of vulnerability, in thecontext of undeveloped social protectionfor homes not in the program.
Guidelines4. Varying conditions of vulnerable homes: Consider that during the potentially extensive intervention period the conditions of the home may change, leading it to repeatedly lose and regain it’s condition as eligible home. This implies the need for: a) Maintaining the monitoring of the conditions for eligibility. b) Also consider a mechanism for re-entrance.
Guidelines5. Incentives and strategic behavior: Consider the possible impacts that result on the strategic behavior of users; make sure the incentives generated for the users are consistent with the government’s social inclusion policies and goals. The impact on the decisions to delay high school graduation is especially important.
Guidelines6. Development of opportunities. It is desirable to reduce the level of vulnerability before losing the monetary transfer, no matter what the entry grounds were. The exit strategy suggests that potential graduating households, who have not participated in interventions to improve their ability to generate income independently and sustainably, do so before the end of the cash transfer. New components should not be generated, rather complemented by an intervention coordinated with other programs that promote the development of these skills in the households.
Lineamientos7. Gradualness: Avoid abrupt changes in the provision of benefits to homes, including drastic changes in terms of monetary transfers.
In the Chuschi and Vinchosdistricts approximately 170JUNTOS homes will be linked tothe “Mi Chacra Emprendedora”Project in charge of FONCODESwith the objective of generatingeconomic, autonomous, andsustainable entries.Within a minimum time span of 2years, about 800 homes in 70Populated Areas were organizedinto six Executive Groups.