Advocating for Social Sustainability and Inclusive Growth: Emerging Ideas Changing Realities


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Presentation delivered by IPC-IG's Francisco Filho at the International Conference "What Unites Us All", which was organised by the Earth Condominium and held on 17-19 May 2012 in Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

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Advocating for Social Sustainability and Inclusive Growth: Emerging Ideas Changing Realities

  1. 1. Earth CondominiumInternational Conference 17-19 May 2012 CONFIDENTIAL Advocating for Social Sustainability and Inclusive Growth: Emerging Ideas Changing Realities Document Date Francisco Filho Catholic University of Brasilia and International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) This report is solely for the use of client personnel. No part of it may be circulated, quoted, or reproduced for distribution outside the client organization without prior written approval from McKinsey & Company. This material was used by McKinsey & Company during an oral presentation; it is not a complete record of the discussion. Gaia, Portugal – 18 May 2012
  2. 2. Unit of measure Outline First Section - Social Sustainability: Addressing the Poverty-Environment Nexus Second Section - Inclusive Growth and Green Economy: The Role of Productive Inclusion Third Section - Communicating for Change Delegates of the VietnamStudy Tour on Social Inclusion of Ethnic Minorities visit favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil * FootnoteSource: Source 2
  3. 3. Unit of measure Social Sustainability Key issues: Recognition of the interdependence of 4 components: Growth, Poverty, Environment and Gender. Acceptance that socially-blind policies are unlikely to be neither sustained nor sustainable. Clear focus on sustaining green economy in society: Focus on well- being and human development. Learn more: IPC-IG Poverty in Focus Magazine on the Dimensions of Inclusive Development discusses the emerging concept of social sustainability and presents various perspectives from the Global South. * FootnoteSource: Source 3
  4. 4. Unit of measure Poverty and the Environment Key issues:  Understanding the complex dynamics of resource use and depletion by the poor and the poorest.  Understanding the heterogeneity of the poor and the complexity of their interactions with the environment at local level.  Taking into account local consumption patterns and the values attached to them. * FootnoteSource: Source 4
  5. 5. Unit of measure Inclusive Growth: Concepts and Definitions Ali and Son (2007): (i) an increase in the average opportunities available to the population; and (ii) improvement in the equitability of the distribution of opportunities among the population. Ianchovichina and Lundstrom (2009): “In short, inclusive growth is about raising the pace of growth and enlarging the size of the economy, while leveling the playing field for investment and increasing productive employment opportunities.” Rauniyar and Kanbur (2010): “growth […] accompanied by lower income inequality, so that the increment of income accrues disproportionately to those with lower incomes.” Habito (2010): “GDP growth that leads to significant poverty reduction.” McKinley (2010): “(i) achieving sustainable growth that will create and expand economic opportunities, and (ii) ensuring broader access to these opportunities so that members of society can participate in and benefit from growth.” Klasen (2010): “…in terms of outcome, inclusive growth could be termed ‘disadvantage-reducing’ growth.” * FootnoteSource: Source 5
  6. 6. The Global South ContextUnit of measure IPC-IG’s approach IPC-IG’s work on inclusive growth starts from the premise that societies based on equality tend to perform better in development and that long-term public investments on comprehensive social protection and promotion is a necessary condition to achieving sustainable and inclusive growth. A debate from the Global South A policy debate that emerged in the South: India, Learn more about China, Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia, Turkey IPC-IG’s work on Inclusive Growth Inclusive growth seen as both an outcome and a process, requiring benefit-sharing and participation. * FootnoteSource: Source 6
  7. 7. Unit of measure Inclusive Growth indicators in selected Emerging Economies Change in the Gini index of the Annual GDP growth 2002-2009 Countries household per capita income in the (% per year) 2000s (%) Brazil 3.7 -9 Chile 4.2 -6 Colombia 4.4 -1 Mexico 2.8 -6 Peru 5.6 -13 * FootnoteSource: Source 7
  8. 8. Unit of measure Inclusive Growth indicators in selected Emerging Economies From 1996 to Avg. most Gini Poverty GDP recent: Change Change growth Argentina 2008 -4% 23% 5% Brazil 2008 -9% -54% 6% China 2005 10% -44% 9% Egypt 2008 -16% -30% 3% India 2005 -1% -7% 6% Indonesia 2008 3% -27% 4% S. Africa 2005 4% -99% 3% Thailand 2004 -14% -34% 9% Turkey 2008 -13% -8% 4% Vietnam 2006 13% -51% 7% * FootnoteSource: Source 8
  9. 9. Unit of measure Inclusive Growth indicators in selected Emerging Economies 28% Argentina 8% Turkey India -12% m o n P e a c r f Egypt Indonesia -32% Thailand China U d $ 2 < a S y / ) ( -52% Vietnam Brazil o P e y v r t -72% -92% S. Africa -112% -19% -14% -9% -4% 1% 6% 11% 16% Gini Performance * Footnote Bubble size: GDP growthSource: Source 9
  10. 10. Unit of measure Inclusive Growth and Green Economy Policy questions: How can investments in green economy help promote inclusive growth? Is inclusive growth a necessary condition for a transition towards a green economy? Key elements for discussion: Productive Inclusion: Learn more here. Integration of the economic/social/environment dimensions into policymaking The role of public communications and adocacy for policy change * FootnoteSource: Source 10
  11. 11. Unit of measure Productive Inclusion Key components:  A framework of policy interventions aimed at promoting Social Inclusion via the generation of new employment opportunities for the poor and the vulnerable so as to ensure a sustained and inclusive growth process. Focus on rural growth; family agriculture; extreme poverty eradication.  Addressing the structural factors that create and perpetuate inequality: The role of the State in expanding access to quality education; ensuring social transfers; affirmative actions; specific policies for ethnic minorities and forest peoples. * FootnoteSource: Source 11
  12. 12. Unit of measure Productive Inclusion Innovative approaches in Brazil: Food Acquisition Programme (PAA) - Agro-ecology component National Biofuels Programme (PNB) * FootnoteSource: Source 12
  13. 13. Unit of measure Communications and Advocacy for Change Key issues:  Agenda-Setting: The complexity of strategic engagement with stakeholders – Media, CSOs, Public Intellectuals  Positive payoffs to be maximized in the short term.  The local to the global: Supporting innovations and giving voice to change catalyzers. * FootnoteSource: Source 13
  14. 14. Unit of measure Case studies: Communications and Advocacy for Change  Ongoing research at UCB: The environmental and the social in the Brazilian media.  Analysis of media coverage: Can the social help raise awareness of the environmental? Media and collective action: Has the coverage been supportive to individual or collective action? Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Differences in media perception and media friendliness  The case of green washing: Different patterns in Brazil and the US * FootnoteSource: Source 14
  15. 15. Unit of measure IPC-IG Knowledge Materials and References  Green Equity: Environmental Justice for more Inclusive Growth – Kishan Koday and Leisa Perch  Understanding the Socio-Environmental Policy Space – Leisa Perch  Social Policies and the Fall in Inequality in Brazil: Achievements and Challenges – Pedro Ferreira de Souza  Development from Below: Social Accountability in Natural Resource Management – Kishan Koday and Leisa Perch  Dimensions of Inclusive Development – Leisa Perch and Gabriel Labbate  Public Support to Food Security in India, Brazil and South Africa: Elements for a P Dialogue – Darana Souza and Danuta Chmielewska  The Consolidation of Social Assistance in Brazil and Its Challenges, 1988–2008 - Luciana Jaccoud, Patricia Dario El-Moor Hadjab, Juliana Rochet Chaibub * FootnoteSource: Source 15
  16. 16. Unit of measure Obrigado! + 55 61 2105 5000 @UNDP_IPC Photos: Humanizing Development Global Photography Campaign, IPC-IG * FootnoteSource: Source 16