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Main Findings from the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

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Jan Fuglestvedt
Vice-chair IPCC Working Group III
CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH:
MAIN FINDINGS FROM IPCC SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT
The 6th Assessment Cycle (AR6) October 2015 – July 2023
234 authors, 65 countries
14,000+ scientific papers
78,000+ review comments
270 authors, 67 countries
34,000+ scientific papers
62,000+ review comments
278 authors, 65 countries
18,000+ scientific papers
59,000+ review comments
Climate Change and Health
Climate Change and Health
Climate Change and Health

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Climate Change and Health

  • 1. Jan Fuglestvedt Vice-chair IPCC Working Group III CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH: MAIN FINDINGS FROM IPCC SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT
  • 2. The 6th Assessment Cycle (AR6) October 2015 – July 2023
  • 3. 234 authors, 65 countries 14,000+ scientific papers 78,000+ review comments 270 authors, 67 countries 34,000+ scientific papers 62,000+ review comments 278 authors, 65 countries 18,000+ scientific papers 59,000+ review comments
  • 7. • Climate Impact Drivers (CIDs) Chapter 6: • Short-lived climate forcers • Air quality Chapter 7: Health + regional chapters Mitigation: • Reduced health impacts of climate change • Co-benefits (Out-/indoor air quality and health) • Food / diets / nutrition • Relation to SDGs Where is HEALTH addressed in AR6 working group reports?
  • 8. Haines A, Ebi K. The imperative for climate action to protect health. New England Journal of Medicine 2019; 380(3): 263-273
  • 9. Welcome Ramon Pichs-Madruga, IPCC Vice Chair Introduction Jan Fuglestvedt, IPCC WGIII Vice Chair IPCC WGI perspective. Aida Diongue-Niang, IPCC WGI Vice Chair, LA IPCC AR6 WGI Ch1 + SyR CWT IPCC WGII perspective. Kris Ebi, LA IPCC AR6 WGII Ch7 IPCC WGIII perspective. Kate Calvin, Co-chair IPCC WGIII, LA IPCC AR6 WGIII Ch3 + SyR CWT IPBES perspective: David Obura, Chair of IPBES, previously IPBES Co-chair Outlook and knowledge gaps Moderator: Sherilee Harper, WGI Vice chair. LA in AR6 WGII. Short intro by the moderator  Open discussion with audience (incl the panel of speakers) Closing remark Ramon Pichs-Madruga IPCC Vice chair End: 10:30 am.
  • 11. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change Climate Change and Health: WGI Perspective Aïda Diongue-Niang Vice-Chair, Working Group I (WGI), IPCC AR7
  • 12. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT IPCC AR6 SYR Figure SPM.1a
  • 13. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT IPCC AR6 SYR Figure SPM.1b
  • 16. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT Working Group I – The Physical Science Basis Figure 12.4
  • 17. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT Working Group I – The Physical Science Basis Relevant to Heath, IPCC WG I Chapter 10 has assessed the urban heat island
  • 18. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT Working Group I – The Physical Science Basis Figure SPM.6 Extremes such as heatwaves, heavy precipitation and droughts are projected to be larger in frequency and intensity with every additional increment of global warming
  • 20. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT Working Group I – The Physical Science Basis In the low and very low GHG emissions (scenarios SSP-1.9 and SSP1-2.6) air pollution control policies, reduction in CH4 and other ozone precursor lead to rapid improvements in air quality and to strong reductions in global surface ozone and particule matter from 2040. Box TS.7, Figure 1
  • 21. SIXTH ASSESSMENT REPORT Working Group I – The Physical Science Basis From WGI Ch6 From the Summary for policymakers: Reductions in GHG emissions also lead to air quality improvements. However, in the near term,even in scenarios with strong reduction of GHGs, as in the low and very low GHG emissions scenarios , these improvements are not sufficient in many polluted regions to achieve air quality guidelines specified by the World Health Organization (high confidence).
  • 23. WGII Perspective on Main Findings on Climate Change and Health from the ICC AR6 Kristie L. Ebi, Ph.D., MPH
  • 30. Mulchandani et al. 2020 2013-2014 UK winter floods Anxiety PTSD In year 3, prevalence of probable PTSD in people who were flooded with persistent damage was 30%
  • 31. Direct and cascading workplace impacts of the 2021 Heat Dome, Canadian media Tetzlaff et al. 2023
  • 37. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change Climate Change and Health: WGIII Perspective Kate Calvin Co-Chair, Working Group III (WGIII), IPCC AR7
  • 38. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change WGIII Figure 3.40
  • 39. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change WGIII Figure SPM.7
  • 40. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change WGIII Figure SPM.7
  • 41. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change WGIII Figure SPM.8
  • 42. Sixth Assessment Report Working Group III - Mitigation of Climate Change WGIII Figure SPM.8 Many mitigation actions would have benefits for health through lower air pollution, active mobility (e.g., walking, cycling), and shifts to sustainable healthy diets (high confidence). {IPCC SYR SPM C.2.3}
  • 43. For more information: IPCC Secretariat: ipcc-sec@wmo.int IPCC Press Office: ipcc-media@wmo.int Visit ipcc.ch @IPCC_CH #IPCCReport @IPCC @IPCC linkedin.com/ company/ipcc Thank you!